The Rain Forest & Manaus
If you have many days disponible, you should take few of them to go round the town. (check Must See Activity Tips)
Don't waste long time searching for guided tours for the Amazon. You should go straight to authorized specialized Tour Operators and not to small agents that promise a lot amd give little. At the airport you can go directly to the Tourist Authorities to get all informations you need about the organized (or not) tours.
The best way to do tourism in Amazonas is to choose trip in regional ships, crossing the rivers Solimões (loamy waters) and dark water, where you have the opportunity to visit a diversity of ecosystems, knowing and contacting the riverine population...
Try to speak the local language
Brazil is not a bilingual country and, in Manaus, as well as the rest of Brazil, most people are not fluent in English or any foreign language.
In shops and turistic points you' ll probably find someone who manages to understand and communicate in English or Spanish, and although people are often trying hard to do their best, they might not succeed.
So, it wouldn't hurt to try to learn a some "survival" words in portuguese.
"Por favor " (please) and "Obrigado" (thank you) are always appreciated and the locals will make an effort to understand and help you.
Most importantly, if you are not a Latin American and you visit Brazil, do not make the mistake to think the main language is spanish. People don't take that very well, so if you do speak spanish, make clear you're using it as your only resource to try to communicate. hehe
Mosquito Repellent is necessary
Pack light, you dont want to have to carry all your stuff onto boats and all. Sneekers or hiking boots are great for jungle hiking and for manaus and the city sandals and excellent. Malaria pills/medication are optional, but I would reccomend them only if you are going by the Rio Amazonas ar deeper up the Rio Negro. CAMERA! Video if you want also. Bring some long clothes, the bats and mosquitos are worse at night and they are attracted to black, but this might juse be a rumor I heard in Manaus. Mosquito repellent is a must, espacially by the Rio Amazonas (not so much by the Negro, they claim to nao have any mosquitos due to acidity levels, but thats not true: however, there are not as many on the Rio Negro). The mosquitos will eat you alive on the Rio Amazonas so you should have good repellent (but one that is not harmful to the environment!)!
The Tikuna are one of the last...
The Tikuna are one of the last large Native population groups left in Brazil. Most of their 70 villages are located within the Brazilian Amazon. They have preserved much of their native language, religious rituals, and cultural art forms. Today, their cultural traditions are being threatened by outside religious groups. This picture shows a Tikuna village not far from Tabatinga.
one way of traveling
At the harbour you see the most common way the people from amazon travel....on hammocks hanging on the boat poles..
you can go all over the state on that kind of transportation...
be aware, after the second day is impossible to use the bathroom!!!!