In this relief you can see the Pharaoh wearing the crown of both Upper and Lower Egypt. He is being attended to by two concubines. Each concubine is wearing a crown, one the crown of Upper Egypt while the other wears the crown of Lower Egypt.I was fascinated by the detail, especially the geese that are worn as a head dress as well as tight...more
Wearing the crown of Upper and Lower Egypt, this magnificent granite statue of the Falcon God Horus is located just outside the first hypostyle Hall.The myth is that Osrisis was a King who is best known for teaching the Egyptians how to live and more importantly, how to grow corn. In fact, he is said to have told all Egyptians to worship corn....more
Anne and I were very impressed with Edfu Temple which is home to the most beautiful “reliefs” and hieroglyphics depicting daily life. These hieroglyphics are carved into masonry that appears as though it could have been laid only a few years ago!In this relief you can see mythological scenes of Horus, the Falcon Headed God, fighting a hippopotamus...more
The ceiling of the Hypostyle Hall, or “outer Hypostyle Hall” is blackened from the smoke of torches and fires. This is due to the Christians using the temple as a church after it was unearthed by the Romans. The Christians also took a chisel to the faces of just about every statue and relief in an effort to erase them from history,The Hypostyle...more
During the reign of the Pharaohs, this court was a public gathering place to make offerings to the Falcon God Horus. It makes perfect sense then that this courtyard is named the “Court of Offerings!The court is colonnaded and each column has a papyrus lotus on top which support the roof of the first Hypostyle court.Anne and I did not spend a great...more
The temple is known as the best preserved in all of Egypt because it was buried below meters of sand and silt for almost two thousand years! The temple dates back to approx 237 B.C, took 25 years to build and was commissioned by the Pharaoh Ptolemy III.The huge pylons in the forecourt of the temple are something special to look at. Anne and...more
The reliefs of the Grand Pylons depict scenes of the Pharaoh Ptolemy III defeating the enemies of Egypt while Horus and Hathor watch him eagerly.The entrance to the temple, and its colonnaded court is between the two grand Pylons and there are two statues of the Falcon God Horus guarding either side of the entrance to the court.more
Now this is impressive! At the very end of the temple is the sanctuary of Horus. In the centre of the magnificent room is a model of the sacred barque of the Falcon God Horus. This model is situated in front of a black granite shrine to Horus and both are surrounded by three walls with the most exquisite reliefs depicting offerings to the god.It is...more
The Sanctuary is situated at the end of the Temple. It includes a niche of gray granite where the statue of the god is supposed to be placed. There is a granite Naos here dedicated by Nectanebo II, making it the oldest relic in the Temple. It is probable that a golden gilded wooden statue of Horus about 60 cm tall would have resided on the Naos....more
In the Osiris legends, Horus was the child of Isis and Osiris. Horus was killed by his uncle Seth, as was his father, Osiris. In the picture above, the three gods are show with the Pharaoh. In earlier documents Horus is sometimes called the brother or Seth.However, in legend, Horus joined his father in the underworld and with the help of Isis...more
The second - smaller Hypostyle Hall is situated beyond the Great Hypostyle Hall. Its roof is supported by 12 columns. It leads to a well called the Chamber of the Nile where the Priests obtained pure holy water. There are 2 rooms to the right and the left sides. One room was used as a library that once contained a large number of manuscripts. The...more
The Hypostyle Hall represents the rectangular hall with roof, which is supported by 12 columns. On both sides of the entrance of the Hypostyle hall stands a statue of Horus of Behdet, which takes the shape of a falcon, also this hall is known as the outer Hypostyle Hall.The facade of the first hypostyle hall has images honoring Horus and Hathor. As...more
The open Courtyard contains columns with floral capitals on three sides. This open court was open to the public and it was known as the court of the offerings. It is where people can give their offering to the statue of the God. Within the Pylons there is the colonnaded courtyard with distinctive, pared columns, which leads into the Great Hypostyle...more
Visitors approach the Temple from the side. They watch the Mammisi first and then… You should be sure to walk out a good distance in front of the First Pylon to fully enjoy the experience of approaching this building!Pylons are considered the highest among surviving temples in Egypt today. The Grand Pylons are some 63 m (205 ft) across and 37 m...more
One of the most remarkable elements of the temple is the existence of a Nilometer, as well as a chapel which was dedicated to Goddess Nut. The description of the Nilometer by the Greek geographer Strabo (ca. 63 B.C.-A.D. 20) is still accurate:"The Nilometer is a well built of regular hewn stone on the bank of the Nile, in which is recorded the rise...more
There are inscriptions recording donations of land, which were probably transferred from demotic documents. There are also dramatic images depicting the defeat of Seth by Horus. There was an annual ritual called the known as the Triumph of Horus (10 harpoons), which ended in the slaying of a hippopotamus, the symbol of Seth. There are numerous...more
During the third month of summer, the priests at the Dendera complex would place the statue of Hathor on her Barque (a ceremonial barge) and would thus bring the statue to the Edfu Temple, where it was believed that Horus and Hathor shared a conjugal visit. Each night, the god and goddess would retire to the Mamissi, or berthing house. There is...more
The sanctuary itself is surrounded by chapels and rooms.When facing north and in clockwise order, are the chapel of Min, the Chamber of Linen where the robs of the Horus would have been stored. The Chamber of the Throne of Gods, the Chamber of Osiris, the Chamber of the West, the Tomb of Osiris, the Chamber of the Victor (Horus), where there is a...more
There are two consecutive vestibules beyond the Second Hypostile Hall. The outer one is called the Hall of the Offerings where the walls are decorated with various scenes representing the different deities and offering scenes by the different Ptolemaic Kings. The inner vestibule was called the Rest House of the Gods.The Offering Hall is followed by...more
The god Horus was worshipped at Edfu. It is an ancient cult site and believed by the Egyptians to be the site of a famous battle between Set the God of Chaos and Horus. Horus won the battle, which avenged the murder of his father and his own murder by Set. In legend Set killed his brother Osirius to obtain the throne of Pharaoh, but was thwarted in...more
When in Edfu, they took us to see "Horus Temple" with an old and traditional transportation : by horse-drawn carriages! I felt all the time I was about to fall on the floor but it was very interesting to see the town that way! Also many other tourist choose this mean of transportation to go sightseeing
According to Unicef Egypt, 17 percent of the population in this country live in poverty and millions have trouble meeting basic food needs. This means children are often seen as economic tools rather than right holders who deserve care and proper schooling.
And to survive in this urban jungle, kids better be tough. They are made to drop out of school and beg or work long hours on streets and under bridges at an age when children should be learning and playing. I really had pity for them...when you travel to Egypt remember to carry with you some sweets or pens to give to the local children..
The first night in Edfu, me and two other girls tryed to go for a walk in the evening on the main street but we had to go back to our boat after only 5 minutes as we were "harrassed" by the locals!! When we were walking those men were literally blocking our way and following us, many trying to sell us stuff or simply making comments, and furthermore there were absolutely no women in the streets!!
Personally being a woman I wouldn't like to live in Edfu! I suggest if you have to go out in Egypt always go with a group of people, especially at night..
The Temple in Edfu has been taken for the sample for the Egyptian Hall of the Moscow Pushkin Fine Arts Museum. The museum was under construction when its future director I.V.Tsvetaev (the father of the well known Russian poet Marina Tsvetaeva) went to Egypt in the spring of 1909 to get acquainted with ancient architecture. On the way home he wrote...more
The Temple is situated in a distance of 3 kilometers from the harbor where cruise boats are mooring.Entrance fee LE 40 ($8).Open hours 9.00-17.00.Photo and video are allowed outside and inside the Temple. The minimal duration of the excursion shouldn't be less than 2 hours. If you have time you may spent all the day long in the Temple.You can reach...more
The Temple is dedicated to Horus and was built in Greco Roman times. Horus was the god of the sky whose eyes were the sun and the moon. He became equated with the king, and therefore the King was Horus manifest.The Temple of Edfu was built on the site of a temple dating from the New Kingdom, but very little of the older temple is left. The existing...more
Known also as "temple of Edfu" -, it is the best preserved major temple in Egypt. The temple is dedicated to the falcon god Horus and was built over a 180-year period from 237 BC to 57 BC. Most visitors to the temple arrive by cruise boat and then take a horse-drawn carriage to the temple where vendors are ready to sell you all manner of souvenirs....more