Luxor Temple, Luxor
Luxor temple was dedicated to the Theban Triad of Amun, Mut, and Chons and was, during the New Kingdom, the focus of the annual Opet Festival, in which a cult statue of Amun was paraded down the Nile from nearby Karnak Temple to stay there for a while, with his consort Mut, in a celebration of fertility – whence its name.Construction work on the temple began during the reign of Amenhotep III in the 14th century BC. Horemheb and Tutankhamun added columns, statues, and friezes – and Akhenaten had earlier obliterated his father's cartouches and installed a shrine to the Aten – but the only major expansion effort took place under Ramesses II some 100 years after the first stones were put in place.. The temple fell into disrepair during the Late Period and Alexander the Great claims to have undertaken major reconstruction work "to restore it to the glory of Amenhotep's times" in the 320s BC. During Rome's domination of Egypt it was converted into a centre for the imperial cult. By the time of the Arab conquest, the temple was largely buried underneath accumulated river silt, to the extent that the Mosque of Abu Haggag was built on top of it in the 13th century
Fondest memory: Luxor is thus unique among the main Egyptian temple complexes in having only two pharaohs leave their mark on its architectural structure.
One of the most unique sites in all of Luxor is the Muslim Temple that was built on top of the Luxor Temple. Its a great juxtaposition of cultures, seeing an ancient culture lost for thousands of years, and to see the world literally grow over the top of the past.
Unique vantage point, especially if you are in the temple around the time of Muslim Prayer. Attached to the temple is in fact a loud speaker system to project the prayers.
If you have not planned your trip to Egypt yet, I would highly recommend doing so... with as much history as there is to see, it really is to your disadvantage.
If you need any advice on planning your trip here, please let me know!
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Walls upon Walls of Heiroglyphs are here for your enjoyment. You literally could spend days on end in these places, so make sure you allow yourself adequate time to enjoy them.
During our tour, we ended up going to too many of the temples, and not spending enough time in one or two more individually... but that worked out well for us in the long run as we got to see so much!
Favorite thing: In the tip just before this, I mentioned the decapitations, which seem to have occured on the statues that had the best characteristics left. Alot of the statues that remain are defaced, which led me to believe this happened when those statues were found by the Christians who defaced most of the heiroglyphs as well.
One of the things you will notice about Egypt as a whole, and is specifically visible in the Luxor temple is the lack of heads on many of the statues. This is because they were taken as trophies throughout the world as leaders came in and "conquered" Egypt.
It is pretty sad to see these statues stand the test of time, and be here for thousands of years, only to be defaced by someone who had their 15 years of fame!
Favorite thing: This really did not fit as a warning or danger, but I was really mad at how much of these heiroglyphs were defaced. Whether or not you agreed with the Egyptian history, or whether you thought they were pagans, I would think there would be something to be learned from the information on the walls. I guess throughout the years, there has been a ignorance of other cultures.... glad to see that was not invented by Americans :)
One of the things that people do not realize about the Egyptian Civilization is how grand of a scale everything is built on.
Look at the picture, and take into account that I am 6'3" and I am dwarfed by the huge stone statues behind me.
Favorite thing: The Temple of Luxor was constructed on the site of a more ancient sanctuary dedicated to Amon, who was considered to be the ýmainý God, his wife Mut, and their son. Pharaoh Amenophis III once again dedicated the temple to Amon (also called Ra), who was, by the way, one of the Gods thought to have created the world. This construction incorporated parts of original temple erected by Pharaohs Thuthmosis III and Hatshepsut.
Fondest memory: Mayyyybe, just maybe, if you enlarge this picture you may see a hint of the standout hues which still adorn the bits of LUXOR TEMPLE ceiling here. Most of what we see as we walk the corridors and sandy paths of this temple area are faded to a range of similar reddish tones, but there are occasional painted pieces which continue to amaze our 21st century eyes!
Favorite thing: You find yourself in Luxor, you visit the Luxor Temple here. It's just that simple. If you're here in summertime, you do all of your outdoor sightseeing in the morning, too, since the intense sun and desert heat will sap your very life from you if you're on the streets past noon. Well, almost.
Fondest memory: ...the worn sandstone walls and reliefs of Luxor Temple, up against the scalding and bluuuue Egyptian sky!
Fondest memory: The lines formed by these Luxor Temple pillars are so prominent and powerful... and then there's that damned bluuuue sky again...sooo remarkable...
Fondest memory: some of these characters at Luxor Temple still have their heads, some do not, but all are photo-worthy!