Pyramids of Giza Things to Do

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    Walk round the plateau

    by uglyscot Updated Mar 18, 2014

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    aerial view of the plateau
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    The Giza Plateay gives a view of the city of Cairo that is encroaching upon it rapidly. From the air the pyramids are set in one corner of the large flat stretch of land.
    The obvious attractions are the three large pyramids of Khufu, Khafra and Menkhare, three generations from the 4th Dynasty. The largest , the Great Pyramid of khufu, has been stripped of its limestone outer covering and thus seems to be smaller and less imposing than that of Khafra which is built on slightly higher ground and has some limestone left at the apex. The smallest of the three is interesting because it was clad with Aswan granite blocks, some of which remain in place at the foot of the pyramid.
    There are small satellite pyramids for queens beside the large pyramids, temples. and also recently excavated homes and tombs of the pyramid builders, dedicated workers, not slaves.
    The Solar Boat museum is well worth a visit, It is beautifully preserved and reconstructed in a building custom built. Nearby is the pit from which it was removed.

    To preserve the interiors of the pyramids, they are open in turn .

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  • machomikemd's Profile Photo

    Sphinx (2)

    by machomikemd Written Oct 21, 2013
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    part two of my sphinx tip more pictures around the sphinx.

    a warning, the sellers and touts and hawkers in the walkway going to the sphinx is the more aggressive of them all around the Giza Complex, so be sure to be in a big group when going to the Sphinx.

    the sphinx is the iconic guardian of the pyramids and is where the light and sound show plays everynight (unfortunately i did not have time to see it). the sphinx is the largest monolith structure in the world at 73.5 meters (241 feet) long, 19.3 meters (63 feet) wide, and 20.22 meters(66.34 feet) high and is made from a single large block of sandstone during the reign of Pharoah Khafre during the fourth dynasty and it was believed to be called the horus of the horizon and there are conflicting theories on what it was made for and the origins. even the destroyed nose and beard of the sphinx has several theories on when it was defaced like napoleon's soldiers, ottomans, sufi saint and more.

    according to wikipedia:

    The Great Sphinx of Giza (Arabic: أبو الهول‎ Abū al Hūl, English: The Terrifying One), commonly referred to as the Sphinx, is a limestone statue of a reclining or couchant sphinx (a mythical creature with a lion's body and a human head) that stands on the Giza Plateau on the west bank of the Nile in Giza, Egypt. The face of the Sphinx is generally believed to represent the face of the Pharaoh Khafra.

    It is the largest monolith statue in the world, standing 73.5 metres (241 ft) long, 19.3 metres (63 ft) wide, and 20.22 m (66.34 ft) high.[1] It is the oldest known monumental sculpture, and is commonly believed to have been built by ancient Egyptians of the Old Kingdom during the reign of the Pharaoh Khafra (c. 2558–2532 BC).[1][2]

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  • machomikemd's Profile Photo

    Sphinx (1)

    by machomikemd Written Oct 21, 2013
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    this will be a teo part tip with more pictures around the sphinx.

    a warning, the sellers and touts and hawkers in the walkway going to the sphinx is the more aggressive of them all around the Giza Complex, so be sure to be in a big group when going to the Sphinx.

    the sphinx is the iconic guardian of the pyramids and is where the light and sound show plays everynight (unfortunately i did not have time to see it). the sphinx is the largest monolith structure in the world at 73.5 meters (241 feet) long, 19.3 meters (63 feet) wide, and 20.22 meters(66.34 feet) high and is made from a single large block of sandstone during the reign of Pharoah Khafre during the fourth dynasty and it was believed to be called the horus of the horizon and there are conflicting theories on what it was made for and the origins. even the destroyed nose and beard of the sphinx has several theories on when it was defaced like napoleon's soldiers, ottomans, sufi saint and more.

    according to wikipedia:

    The Great Sphinx of Giza (Arabic: أبو الهول‎ Abū al Hūl, English: The Terrifying One), commonly referred to as the Sphinx, is a limestone statue of a reclining or couchant sphinx (a mythical creature with a lion's body and a human head) that stands on the Giza Plateau on the west bank of the Nile in Giza, Egypt. The face of the Sphinx is generally believed to represent the face of the Pharaoh Khafra.

    It is the largest monolith statue in the world, standing 73.5 metres (241 ft) long, 19.3 metres (63 ft) wide, and 20.22 m (66.34 ft) high.[1] It is the oldest known monumental sculpture, and is commonly believed to have been built by ancient Egyptians of the Old Kingdom during the reign of the Pharaoh Khafra (c. 2558–2532 BC).[1][2]

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  • machomikemd's Profile Photo

    Inside the Pyramid of Khafre

    by machomikemd Written Oct 21, 2013
    entrance
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    This will be my tip and pictures of the inside of the Khafre Pyramid.

    The Pyramid was built as the burial chamber of the Egyptian Pharoah Khafre, againg during the fourth dynasty period. The Iconic Sphinx, which lies af the front of the pyramid, is believed to be part of the pyramid complex. You can enter the passageways and burial chambers of the pyramid for 33 LE (5 US dollars) and the hike inside is way shorter and easier than in the Passageways of the Cheops Pyramid.

    according to wikipedia:

    Interior

    Passageways and chambers inside the Pyramid of Khafre.

    Two entrances lead to the burial chamber, one that opens 11.54 m (38 ft) up the face of the pyramid and one that opens at the base of the pyramid. These passageways do not align with the centerline of the pyramid, but are offset to the east by 12 m (39 ft). The lower descending passageway is carved completely out of the bedrock, descending, running horizontal, then ascending to join the horizontal passage leading to the burial chamber.

    One theory as to why there are two entrances is that the pyramid was intended to be much larger with the northern base shifted 30 m (98 ft) further to the north which would make Khafre’s pyramid much larger than his father’s. This would place the entrance to the lower descending passage within the masonry of the pyramid. While the bedrock is cut away farther from the pyramid on the north side than on the west side, it is not clear that there is enough room on the plateau for the enclosure wall and pyramid terrace. An alternative theory is that, as with many earlier pyramids, plans were changed and the entrance was moved midway through construction.

    There is a subsidiary chamber, equal in length to the c.412"-long King's Chamber of the Khufu pyramid,[10] that opens to the west of the lower passage, the purpose of which is uncertain. It may be used to store offerings, store burial equipment, or it may be a serdab chamber. The upper descending passage is clad in granite and descends to join with the horizontal passage to the burial chamber.

    The burial chamber was carved out of a pit in the bedrock. The roof is constructed of gabled limestone beams. The chamber is rectangular, 14.15 m by 5 m (46.4 ft x 16 ft), and is oriented east-west. Khafre’s sarcophagus was carved out of a solid block of granite and sunk partially in the floor, in it, Belzoni found bones of an animal, possibly a bull. Another pit in the floor likely contained the canopic chest, its lid would have been one of the pavement slabs .[11]

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  • machomikemd's Profile Photo

    Pyramid of Khafre (Chephren)

    by machomikemd Written Oct 21, 2013
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    I will have separate tip and pictures of the inside of this Pyramid.

    due to the irregular feature of the giza plateau, the Pyramid of Khafre seems to be higher than the great pyramid of Khufu, but is is actually slightly smaller (due to the element of time) at height of 137 meters (450 feet) and it was originally at 144 meters or (474 feet). The Pyramid was built as the burial chamber of the Egyptian Pharoah Khafre, againg during the fourth dynasty period. The Iconic Sphinx, which lies af the front of the pyramid, is believed to be part of the pyramid complex. You can enter the passageways and burial chambers of the pyramid for 33 LE (5 US dollars) and the hike inside is way shorter and easier than in the Passageways of the Cheops Pyramid.

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  • machomikemd's Profile Photo

    Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops)

    by machomikemd Written Oct 21, 2013
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    the Largest Pyramid of the Giza Complex is the Pyramid of Khufu and it has the biggest passageways and has several areas and burial chambers inside which you can enter with an additional 65 LE (US $ 10) entrance fee. Thre Great Pyramid is the last surviving structure of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It was originally 146 meters (479 feet) high but now slightly trimmed to a still high 137 meters (449 feet due to the elements. Over 2 million blocks of stone were used to construct this magnificent Pyramid by an army of more then 20,000 workers during the fourth Dynasty and it took 20 years to build to house the Pharaoh Khufu. There is also a small musuem beside it that houses the Intact Ships found in the pit beside the pyramid.

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  • machomikemd's Profile Photo

    Cemeteries and Tombs around the Pyramids

    by machomikemd Written Oct 21, 2013
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    scattered around the Great Pyramids of Giza are various mastabas (ancient egyptian elevated tomb) of prominent personalities, relatives, sons and daughters of the pharoah, high officials of the pharoh's of the great pryamids and even egyptian high priests and also there is a cemetery for the workers who died building these great pyramids. These cemeteries are located around the pyramid complex and are marked as the central field, eastern field, western field, cementery GIS, and south field. if you are touring giza for a whole day, then you can explore these cemeteries while walking around.

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  • machomikemd's Profile Photo

    Queens Pyramids of Giza

    by machomikemd Written Oct 21, 2013
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    around the Great Pyramid of Khufu (cheops) lies a cult pyramid and the three queen pyramids lying just outside the enclosure wall and on the eastern side. these queen pyramids are way smaller than the three great pyramids and is where some of the late Egyptian Pharoah Khufu's queens are buried. So if you are hiking around the Great Pyramid of Cheops complex, you can take pictures and videos of these queen pyramids before going to the main Great Pyramid (and even enter the burial chamber and sarcophagus for an additional 65 LE or 10 US Dollars fee).

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  • machomikemd's Profile Photo

    Pyramid of Menkaure

    by machomikemd Written Oct 21, 2013
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    the Pyramid of Menkaure is the smallest of the 3 great pyramids of Giza and was built as the burial area of the late egpytian Pharoah Menkaure of the fourth Egyptian Dynasty and is the less visited of the three pyramids as the burial chamber here is still closed for renovation, unlike the ones which were open at nearby Cheops and Khafre Pyramids. from the vista point you would see 3 smaller ruined sattelite pyramids located beside this pyramid. The present height of the pyramid is 62 meters (203 feet) high and it was originally 66 meters in height (217 feet).

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  • machomikemd's Profile Photo

    Giza Pyramids Vista Point

    by machomikemd Written Oct 19, 2013
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    on the far side of the Giza Pyramid Complex, about a 5 minute drive from the Giza Necropolis Entrance is a good vista Point along the desert for viewing the 3 Great Pyramids of Giza and if you are lucky, then the view will be spectacular, but if you are not like us, then the panoramic view can be partially obstructed by the desert dust clouds. there is a concrete small wall at the vista point where you could sit and pose pore pictures but beware of the hawkers and touts nearby trying to sell you stuff as they can be really agressive.

    opens: 7:00 am to 5:00 pm winter time and fall and 7:00 am to 7:00 pm summer and spring time

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    Giza Necropolis Ticket Booth

    by machomikemd Written Oct 19, 2013
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    along the Pyramid road going to the Giza Necropolis complex, there is a ticket booth with a wide plaza to accomodate the tourists lining up to get tickets for the entrance to the Giza Necropolis as the entrance and exit points of the complex are located side by side. there is also a second ticket booth near the sphinx. entrance fees to the Giza Necropolis is is LE 80 (about 12 US Dollars) per person, and to enter the pyramids themselves costs another LE 35 (about 5 US Dollars) for the Pyramid of Menkaure and LE 70 (about 10 US Dollars) for the Great Pyramid of Khufu.

    Since we were on a group tour, our tour guides bought the tickets for us and just gave them at the bus, hence we did not line at the booths.

    opens: 7:00 am to 7:00 pm summer and spring
    7:00 am to 5:00 pm fall and winter

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  • ACruisinLady's Profile Photo

    Taking a tour to Giza

    by ACruisinLady Updated Oct 15, 2013

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    Camel rides in Giza
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    Cairo is a 3 hour drive from Alexandria (depending on traffic), and Giza is where the pyramids are located which is a ‘suburb’ of Cairo and is an additional 30 to 45 minute drive after reaching Cairo. I was amazed at how we went from a tree-lined city to a sandy Sahara (desert) just like crossing a line. We got into some rather new 4×4 Cherokee jeeps and were taken out into the desert up and down sand dunes. Quite fun! At one point we stopped and got out onto the soft sand at the top of one dune and looked around at the backside of the step pyramid. It was amazing to look at the rocks in the sand around us and see the shale of limestone that had sea shells imbedded into it. The Sahara was actually an ocean! Truly spectacular feeling to be standing in what use to be the ocean. After pictures we headed out to a place where a bunch of camels where waiting for us to take a ride out to the resort where we would be having lunch.

    Now I figured that if the Egyptians can hoist large blocks of sandstones that weigh tons, up on top of each other. Then they should be able to get me on top of a camel. I was correct, although it was mainly John who did the work as I would not have cared for a stranger to boost my behind up! It was a good thing that they had stirrups for me to balance myself as I would never have been able to do so without them. A camel gets up from back legs first then the front legs. They tell you to lean back as far as you can and hold onto the pummel.

    Once my camel was standing I felt myself swaying from side to side as my balance was trying to justify itself. I just pushed down on the stirrups and that helped me steady myself. These camels were not very “pretty” or ‘cute’ as camels go. Their heads were covered with flies (not surprising considering the amount of flies that were everywhere in Egypt). They had skin that had what looked like mange in some places. The guide said that they were young and only live to less than 10 years. I had wondered if that is because of the conditions they are kept. Anyway the ride was about 20 minutes and was long enough for me! Very bumpy but if you let your body go with the flow and rhythm of the camel, then its less painful! Now I can say I have ridden a camel and can tick that off the bucket list eh?!

    After lunch we headed back to see the pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx. I walked quite a bit but didn’t get out of the van for the sphinx as I had pretty much exhausted myself. It all was very impressive! The amount of peddlers selling their wares was a tad bit overwhelming. The did not know much English and some were very pushy. You had to be very firm with them. They will hand you something and say it is a gift and you can keep it… then they will follow you around and continually ask for a donation or a blessing or a handout so they can feed their dozen of children that are going hungry. I just avoided all eye contact and would not say anything but shake my head no. That worked for me. John was always being pestered as he would smile and say that is nice but no thanks. He would say no over and over but was too polite. Which is why they would pester him! He would get several buzzing around him, and once one would stop pestering and walk away, another would take his place. I had to laugh!

    Our tour we took was very good and reasonably priced. We felt safe as the tour provided our own "security team". There were 16 people in our tour so not a large group. It was just the right size. The tour provider was Ramses Tours. I highly recommend them when visiting Egypt.

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    The Pyramid of Khufu

    by June.b Updated Jul 15, 2011

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    The Great Pyramid of Giza or the Pyramid of Khufu or the Pyramid of Cheops is the largest among the pyramids in Giza. The local camel riders say there are about 9 pyramids in the Giza plateau, some of them on the further desert which is accessible by camel, horse or donkey -- of course that's their selling line, but it's true.

    The great pyramid is believed to be built as a tomb for the 4th dynasty pharaoh - Khufu or Cheops. Built in approx. 20 years, the pyrmaid is the only surviving ancient 7 wonder of the world and the tallest man made structure for nearly 3800 years.

    It is also the pyramid that you could access inside with an additional entry fee of EGP100.

    See Wikipedia for complete details and story.

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    The Pyramid of Khafre

    by June.b Updated Jun 23, 2011

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    The pyramid of Khafre or Chefren is the one above the Sphinx. I thought all the while that this was the biggest one, looks like really, but in fact it is standing on a higher platform than the biggest pyramid of Khufu which is on it's right.

    This pyramid is a tomb for the 4th dynasty pharaoh Khafre, the son of Khufu. There is also a temple ruin infront of this pyramid where some police guards are hanging around who sometimes will coach you on how to take the best shot of the pyramids --- is that really necessary?

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    The Temple of the Sphinx

    by June.b Written Jun 22, 2011

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    If you enter the gate entrance near the colossal sphinx then this temples are definitely your first sight of the day. There are 2 temples, one just infront of the sphinx and the other on it's side.

    This means that the sphinx is not just a colossal statue on its own, but a part of a temple complex.

    Keep your entry ticket as you will be using that to enter this temple complex and see the Sphinx up close. Go up the stairs and onto a long ramp to get near to the sphinx and - what else - take a picture of you.

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