Everyone Knows that Cairo is located in the Harsh Sahara Desert and that it can get really hot in the area and also at The Pyramids of Giza as all people visiting Cairo also visits the Pyramids of Giza, and that You can get sun burned easily even if you have brought sun tans along if you don't cover your head with a hat of a cap as 20% of liquid loss by the body is via the head. plus to avoid heat stroke as the suns rays penetrate your exposed hair.
Also you need to have sunglasses as to protect your eyes from the blinding heat here specially during the early to late afternoon, where the temperature is high. the sunglasses will protect your eyesight from dizziness and heat blindness.
When visting the Cairo, you will do a lot of walking and will certainly visit the Giza Pyramids and Necropolis. So you must bring light colored shirts so as to deflect the rays of the sun as it can get really hot since this area around Cairo and Giza is an arid desert (the sahara) after all. you can use your walking shorts instead of jeans and slacks . Don't wear leather shoes as it will be hard to walk in desert sand and the irregular paved and dusty streets of Cairo in this kind of shoes. Better to use comfortable walking shoes or rubber shoes or even crocs flip flops.
you can also bring a portable umbrella if you want (it rarely rains Egypti) primarily as a shield against the heat of the sun and also to prevent sunburned skin around the arms and neck area.
In winter, especially January, the temperature drops and becomes quite cold. the locals don sweaters and jackets and wear something on their heads, whether a scarf, ski cap or hood.
Inside it can be bitterly cold because the floors are usually tiled and the rooms are built so as to be cool in the hot summer months.
Take a jacket , sweater and shawl, and wear socks as when your feet are cold, it affects the whole body. A pair of gloves might be a good idea too at times too. I find a vest is ideal under a sweater or blouse to help retain body heat also, though I rarely need one at other times. Layering is wise as in the sun, it can get warm and then if the sun is hidden by cloud, the cold descends again.
Luggage and bags:
Small suitcases are easier to fit in the small Taxies.
Clothing/Shoes/Weather Gear: If you are visiting Egypt by summer make sure you got plenty of T-shirts beacuse they will get dirty everytime you go out!
If you are a female make sure to bring decent clothes if you don`t want to be harrased.
Cottons are the best bring light cotton shirts and long pants to wear."No" to wearing shorts,and tank tops or skirts above the knee.
If you are going to a night club by a car then wear a scarf over your shoulder,until you reach the night spot.
Wearing open toed sandals are ok.*
If you are visiting it by winter ,don`t expect it to be very cold,so one jacket and one over coat are more than enough.
Toiletries and Medical Supplies: Most medicines are available in Egypt,but if you are on some kind of medication you should bring your own,just to be on the safe side.Plus imported medicines are very expensive due to TAX.
Photo Equipment: It would be very cheap if you want to develope your film in Egypt,I always develope my films before leaving,many photo shops develope your film in less than an hour.they also can deliver your pictures to where you are staying(just tip the man who delivers it).
I also had my digi pictures saved on a CD,Doesn;t cost much
(I can`t remember how much exactly ).
Miscellaneous: If you`re a smoker,,bring your own packs of ciggies,unless you really want to try a diffrent taste of Marlboro in Egypt(and it`s cheaper)it`s about 1$ per 20 ciggies pack.
If travelling to Cairo in the winter, make sure you have a warm jacket as it can be quite chilly in the evenings and early mornings.
Toiletries and Medical Supplies: Take immodium or similar diarrhoea tablets and rehydration salts. Hopefully you won't need them, but it's better to be on the safe side.
Photo Equipment: Take lots of film/memory cards.
Luggage and bags:
Dont forget that Egypt has a winter also and any time from November through to even late February it can get very cold. Especially at night. I travelled there in January and February and needed to wear a heavy woollen coat almost every day and absolutely needed it when out in the evenings.
Clothing/Shoes/Weather Gear: Flat or sensible shoes for walking are essential. You can still be dressed smartly but wear your flats under trousers. Those blocks at the pyramids wont take to high heels and even to get to the entrances you have to walk over very uneven hard ground.
Toiletries and Medical Supplies: No need to pack anything out of the usual except medicines that are uniquely personal. The chemist shops there were marvellous and stock absolutely everything that you may need.
Photo Equipment: I found that buying the disposable cameras was a much better idea. Light to carry and took beautiful photographs.
Miscellaneous: There is a very good and modern shopping mall at Maadi where you can get everything from designer label perfumes/garments to excellent locally produced garments.
Luggage and bags:
Do not bring the luggage that close to the maximum limit of your airline policy. You may shop interesting souvenir from Cairo, so keep some space for your return flight. If possible bring an extra empty bag , when you plan to buy many things.Bring a big handbag or backpack that you will bring with you while travelling around Cairo. You have to bring your camera, handycam, cap/hat/umbrella, WATER, tissue paper, or your meal everywhere; so bring big enough bag with you to carry around in Cairo.
Clothing/Shoes/Weather Gear: Comfortable clothes will be a must.Be aware with the season of your travelling time to Cairo.November to February will be Cairo`s winter time; may be untorable for the ones come from the tropical countries but will be felt like a spring for those with 4 seasons at home.Bring a small blanket,it may be windy at night. During summer,it will be very hot. Bring your cotton clothes.For ladies, DONT DRESS PROVOCATIVELY HERE. You have to bring your beach gears if you plan to go to Sharm El Sheikh. Bring comfortable shoes with you.Sandals will not be my options to walk around the cairo because it will be dusty.
Toiletries and Medical Supplies: Bring good sunblock with SPF 15+.
Photo Equipment: Bring all your camera equipments and handycam.So many things to be photographed.It is not allowed to bring your camera in some places like museum and catacom and to take pictures inside pyramids.You have to pay extra for some of the entrance fees when you bring your tripod.
Miscellaneous: Dont forget your sunglasses. A special purse for egypt money may be needed.
Light colored clothing will absorb less of the sunlight and produce less heat. Good walking shoes are of great benefit.
Toiletries and Medical Supplies: It might be advisible to carry some toilet paper with you. Stomach remedies might also be helpful.
Photo Equipment: A nice camera is preferred. Be wary of buying film uless you have inspected the expiration date.
Miscellaneous: Always carry a water bottle. They are widely available for sale.
A high factor sunblock is highly recommended.
As I think everybody is saying here, the water shoudn't miss.
Due to the high temperature, carring a large bottle of mineral water is a must.
If you are going to visit the usual attractions it's better to buy the bottle of water before, as around the Pyramids for example, you can pay for a small one up to USD 3-.
It is also better to have some toilet paper ot tissues, because most toilets in Egypt have running water.
The clothes should be light and it's better wear a long sleeves shirt and long pants/skirt because the hot sun can burn you.
Luggage and bags:
Try not to carry a fancy peice of suitcase , u might not see it again.. besides make sure that the suit case u get is very practical to survive the pulling and pushing... I prefer darker shades not to notice how filty they could get..
Clothing/Shoes/Weather Gear: Wearing cotton Ts is very practicle in the day time add some inexpensive accssories to it ( not to cry on if lost),,, other cloth's materials are really un recommended there during daytimes,,, the heat , slight humidity, dust, air pollution, and crowded streets would make u feel very sick in other than pure cotton... dress light and bright and stay away from white! White becomes brown from car pollution, since transportation rely on diesel as a fuel....... shoes! slippers would seem better but never! If u want to have ugly dry grey feet put a pair on.... a tennis shoes would be great for daytime,,,, closed shoes are recommended..... buy some cheap stockings to keep ur feet healthy when u r home,,, no matter how clean the floors are try keepin them covered.... I am not abssesed with cleanliness but these are the tips i discovered after my visits
Toiletries and Medical Supplies: I would definitally keep my nails trimmed
you'd need a good body loafa and preferabley a body brush, besides nails brush and face scrubs......three thing u can not feel clean without !
Other than that I'd keep moiset tissues and anti-germs handy in my pure or car,,,, u will need to clean ur nose once awhile for u'd be shocked of black substance gettin into it..!
Photo Equipment: Make sure ur camera is attached to well, have a good light weight equipment, with neck strap not to lose it or forget it in taxi cabs.
Luggage and bags:
i would bring some sort of very good hidable wallet and document thing. i know its a bit sad, but i got one in prague when we were scared about pickpockets and it was a great thing to have here.you know one that you can hide in your jacket or something. the place was so busy and my handbag was continually jostled. definately recommended.
Clothing/Shoes/Weather Gear: women need to bring veils to cover themselves in mosques, also long trousers for evenings. men too need long trousers for religious sites.
i would bring jumpers - it was very windy at the pyramids.
Toiletries and Medical Supplies: bring some immoduim in case you end up accidentally drinking the water!
Dont forget to pack you sun block lotion/your hat and anything will protect you from the sun.
its more hot than you think.
Toiletries and Medical Supplies: Just get your medicine with you specially pills for diahria because of summer or traveller diahria may invade your body.
Photo Equipment: Try to get memory cards as much as you can its better than burning them in a CD while you are in cairo,there are very few location and not near you,but you will find incase you want.!
Camping/Beach/Outdoor Gear: if you are going to the beach dont forget your swimming suit and your sunscreen lotion.
There are tons of clothing shops that carry modern styles but if someone is a plus size they might have trouble finding things to wear. I did see a 'Big and Tall' men's clothing store in one of the main malls (I forget which one though) but one of my roommates had a very difficult time finding women's clothing that would fit. She ended up having some outfits made which can be very affordable depending on the material used. She also could not find any hose or galibiyas in her size. She did find a large size shoe shop but the shoes were not really what she wanted.
So if you are a plus size bring extra clothing, hose, undergarments and shoes. Don't go crazy, no one usually wears even half the clothes they bring but definitely keep this in mind.
Shoes can get torn up very easily with the dust and uneven sidewalks, so you might want to bring a couple extra pairs, especially dress shoes, depending on how long you are planning to stay.
You will find very affordable dry cleaning services all over. You can have your clothes picked up and delivered at your apartment. If you just need an ironing, you can send your clothes off to the neighborhood makwagie at extremely low costs.
Don't count on finding a do-it-yourself laundry nearby when apartment hunting. There may be do-it-yourself laundries somewhere, but I have never seen it. Either get an apartment with a washing machine or plan sending out your laundry into your budget. Some might have dryers, many don't and many more apartments don't have either. Most apartments (if not all), will have clotheslines off the balcony and clothes dry very quickly but can get dusty.
Luggage and bags:
You can find a lot of cheap but good t-shirts in Cairo. So you dun have to pack a lot for your Egypt trip.
Just to share, here's what i packed for Cairo:
3) Good walking shoes
I find that for me, Egypt in general is pretty dry and i got sore throat when i was there. Partly also because i wasn't very used to drinking the mineral water there. Bring plenty of lozenges and if you are familar with Panadol, bring those powder form for flu, it really works for the throat!