Gizeh Pyramids, Cairo
there are 3 big pyramids in Giza
Giza area ticket is 80 le
Cheops the great pyramid for 200 le
Chephren for 50 le
there s one small open pyramid which is free
there s a solar boat for 80 le
avoid taking pics of camels while outside your car cos they will chase you
don't take any souvenirs from the guys there cos later they will chase you for money
you can not do it all on your foot as it s pretty huge place
the sphinx is at last in front of the whole plateau
Everybody has a good image of what drags millions to Cairo - the pyramids; Everybody knows that they are extremely big; Anyway, everybody gets surprised when trying to make a picture of them and, even from the distance, they confirm their astonishing dimensions.
That, and the sensation felt in front of the most important landmark of mankind, are more than enough to justify the trip.
And if you start thinking how did they do that...
This will be my tip and pictures of the inside of the Khafre Pyramid.
The Pyramid was built as the burial chamber of the Egyptian Pharoah Khafre, againg during the fourth dynasty period. The Iconic Sphinx, which lies af the front of the pyramid, is believed to be part of the pyramid complex. You can enter the passageways and burial chambers of the pyramid for 33 LE (5 US dollars) and the hike inside is way shorter and easier than in the Passageways of the Cheops Pyramid.
according to wikipedia:
Passageways and chambers inside the Pyramid of Khafre.
Two entrances lead to the burial chamber, one that opens 11.54 m (38 ft) up the face of the pyramid and one that opens at the base of the pyramid. These passageways do not align with the centerline of the pyramid, but are offset to the east by 12 m (39 ft). The lower descending passageway is carved completely out of the bedrock, descending, running horizontal, then ascending to join the horizontal passage leading to the burial chamber.
One theory as to why there are two entrances is that the pyramid was intended to be much larger with the northern base shifted 30 m (98 ft) further to the north which would make Khafre’s pyramid much larger than his father’s. This would place the entrance to the lower descending passage within the masonry of the pyramid. While the bedrock is cut away farther from the pyramid on the north side than on the west side, it is not clear that there is enough room on the plateau for the enclosure wall and pyramid terrace. An alternative theory is that, as with many earlier pyramids, plans were changed and the entrance was moved midway through construction.
There is a subsidiary chamber, equal in length to the c.412"-long King's Chamber of the Khufu pyramid, that opens to the west of the lower passage, the purpose of which is uncertain. It may be used to store offerings, store burial equipment, or it may be a serdab chamber. The upper descending passage is clad in granite and descends to join with the horizontal passage to the burial chamber.
The burial chamber was carved out of a pit in the bedrock. The roof is constructed of gabled limestone beams. The chamber is rectangular, 14.15 m by 5 m (46.4 ft x 16 ft), and is oriented east-west. Khafre’s sarcophagus was carved out of a solid block of granite and sunk partially in the floor, in it, Belzoni found bones of an animal, possibly a bull. Another pit in the floor likely contained the canopic chest, its lid would have been one of the pavement slabs .
I will have separate tip and pictures of the inside of this Pyramid.
due to the irregular feature of the giza plateau, the Pyramid of Khafre seems to be higher than the great pyramid of Khufu, but is is actually slightly smaller (due to the element of time) at height of 137 meters (450 feet) and it was originally at 144 meters or (474 feet). The Pyramid was built as the burial chamber of the Egyptian Pharoah Khafre, againg during the fourth dynasty period. The Iconic Sphinx, which lies af the front of the pyramid, is believed to be part of the pyramid complex. You can enter the passageways and burial chambers of the pyramid for 33 LE (5 US dollars) and the hike inside is way shorter and easier than in the Passageways of the Cheops Pyramid.
the Largest Pyramid of the Giza Complex is the Pyramid of Khufu and it has the biggest passageways and has several areas and burial chambers inside which you can enter with an additional 65 LE (US $ 10) entrance fee. Thre Great Pyramid is the last surviving structure of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It was originally 146 meters (479 feet) high but now slightly trimmed to a still high 137 meters (449 feet due to the elements. Over 2 million blocks of stone were used to construct this magnificent Pyramid by an army of more then 20,000 workers during the fourth Dynasty and it took 20 years to build to house the Pharaoh Khufu. There is also a small musuem beside it that houses the Intact Ships found in the pit beside the pyramid.
Directions: Al Ahram, Giza, Egypt
the Pyramid of Menkaure is the smallest of the 3 great pyramids of Giza and was built as the burial area of the late egpytian Pharoah Menkaure of the fourth Egyptian Dynasty and is the less visited of the three pyramids as the burial chamber here is still closed for renovation, unlike the ones which were open at nearby Cheops and Khafre Pyramids. from the vista point you would see 3 smaller ruined sattelite pyramids located beside this pyramid. The present height of the pyramid is 62 meters (203 feet) high and it was originally 66 meters in height (217 feet).
on the far side of the Giza Pyramid Complex, about a 5 minute drive from the Giza Necropolis Entrance is a good vista Point along the desert for viewing the 3 Great Pyramids of Giza and if you are lucky, then the view will be spectacular, but if you are not like us, then the panoramic view can be partially obstructed by the desert dust clouds. there is a concrete small wall at the vista point where you could sit and pose pore pictures but beware of the hawkers and touts nearby trying to sell you stuff as they can be really agressive.
opens: 7:00 am to 5:00 pm winter time and fall and 7:00 am to 7:00 pm summer and spring time
along the Pyramid road going to the Giza Necropolis complex, there is a ticket booth with a wide plaza to accomodate the tourists lining up to get tickets for the entrance to the Giza Necropolis as the entrance and exit points of the complex are located side by side. there is also a second ticket booth near the sphinx. entrance fees to the Giza Necropolis is is LE 80 (about 12 US Dollars) per person, and to enter the pyramids themselves costs another LE 35 (about 5 US Dollars) for the Pyramid of Menkaure and LE 70 (about 10 US Dollars) for the Great Pyramid of Khufu.
Since we were on a group tour, our tour guides bought the tickets for us and just gave them at the bus, hence we did not line at the booths.
opens: 7:00 am to 7:00 pm summer and spring
7:00 am to 5:00 pm fall and winter
around the Great Pyramid of Khufu (cheops) lies a cult pyramid and the three queen pyramids lying just outside the enclosure wall and on the eastern side. these queen pyramids are way smaller than the three great pyramids and is where some of the late Egyptian Pharoah Khufu's queens are buried. So if you are hiking around the Great Pyramid of Cheops complex, you can take pictures and videos of these queen pyramids before going to the main Great Pyramid (and even enter the burial chamber and sarcophagus for an additional 65 LE or 10 US Dollars fee).
scattered around the Great Pyramids of Giza are various mastabas (ancient egyptian elevated tomb) of prominent personalities, relatives, sons and daughters of the pharoah, high officials of the pharoh's of the great pryamids and even egyptian high priests and also there is a cemetery for the workers who died building these great pyramids. These cemeteries are located around the pyramid complex and are marked as the central field, eastern field, western field, cementery GIS, and south field. if you are touring giza for a whole day, then you can explore these cemeteries while walking around.
Early morning after our quick breakfast we take off to get to the Giza Pyramids. We are first in line to purchase our tickets to go into see them. 60LE to get through the security part. Well you've seen them on TV, at the movies, but nothing prepares you for the magnificence of the pyramids. You know that they are big, but when you stand next to them you finally realize how big they really are.
We had also walked over the the other pyramid which I believe is called the Second Pyramid and for 30LE you can go to a burial chamber. It's a steep 20 meters climb down stairs, you share the stairs with those coming back up. There is a 10 - 20 meters of straight walking, although you are bent over, then it's 20 meters up stairs again and then all of a sudden you are in the burial chamber. The trek to the burial chamber is hot and stinky, it smells like bird feces. Obviously crowded with many tourists going to see the burial chamber. My Advice -- keep your money, Once you get to the chamber it's only an empty box with an Arabic man sitting on the edge of the box fanning himself in the heat.
The pyramids and the sphinx are about one hour far from Cairo downtown, may be more depending on the traffic.
We decided to visit the last surviving one of the seven wonders of the world on earky afternoon and it was a great choice, we practically visited the site alone, no tourists around, most probably come on early morning.
There are three pyramids the Cheops one, the Kafhre and Menkaure, each of them is a tomb of a different king of Egypt.
In front of the pyramids lies the Sphinnx, this huge cat like sculpture was carved out of a single block of stone.
Actually the distances between the pyramids are long so, getting a camel or a horse is not a bad idea, just be prepared to bargain hard and above all to ask the final price as they expect you to pay for the animal, then for the guide, then for the animal of the guide, then for the kid that takes care of the animal, then for the man that shows you the pyramids of Saqqara at the horizon and so on.
I have been happy to do this excyrsion on my own because I could chose the time and find the site nearly desert, but I think that if you do with a group tour it can be less expensive as you avoid some of the overmentioned extracharges.
The Sphinx and the Pyramids are majestic no doubt about it but some people can get very disappointed from certain things like:-
Camels and horses owners who doesn't take NO for an answer and can be very aggressive if you refused to take a camel or horse ride with there ridiculous prices , pushy touts, camels poops, Mal treatment of the camels and horses. in my opinion they have ruined the place and the great experience.
How to get there from down town:
Take a the blue and white bus aka CTA (very popular among the locals)No. 191 from Ramses or Tahrir , the ticket costs 2 pounds. you'll find yourself in front of the back entrance of the pyramids area! it's the same with the green mini bus No.200 the ticket also costs 2 pounds. Both buses come from Heliopolis and end at Giza/Haram...the bad side is that you'll have to wait for the bus 'cause there's no specific time for its arrives or a station unless you are going to take it from Heliopolis.
Another option is taking the metro (1 Pound) to the Giza station and then walk to the main street and take a (one pound) bus or just stop a white taxi with meter (be careful some of the taxi drivers will try to make the distance long ) it's not a long distance at all and if the taxi driver took the right route it will takes 10 min and 10 pounds Max...ask for the meter (its starts with 2:50 pounds).
Do not let anyone rip you off!!!
First what one must have on his/her mind is, this is Africa and things are much different here, esspecially if dealing with Arabs. Burgaing and cheating is a lifestyle and tradition!
Renting camel ride around pyramids could be pretty much very stupid adventure. The camel owners are very rude and equally very corrupted. Renting a car daily could cost you less then 20 or 30 minutes of camel ride.
In case one wish to try it should fixed the price before climbing up on a camel, but make sure to have negotiated all in the local currency. Guys will ask you 100 for like 20-30 minutes of a ride, but later on they will say it was price in US dollars or euros. 100 LE is equal to 20$, which is far too much for 20 minutes of something, whatever it is.
They could be very tricky also, sending a camel far from the starting point and demanding more money after one came back, because the time has elapsed. It could be bad and rude arguing and the guys would ask money before ordering camel to knees down.
Anyway, renting camel in Egypt isn't very smart idea.
It is thought that pyramids have been constructed to house the remains of the deceased pharaohs who ruled over Ancient Egypt. A portion of the pharaoh's spirit called "ka" was believed to remain with his corpse. Pyramid wasn't only the tomb for the pharaoh but also a storage for the various items he would need in the afterlife. The people of Ancient Egypt believed that death on the Earth was the start of a journey to the next world.
The pyramid complex at Giza is surrounded by a large stone wall outside which was a town where the workers of the pyramid were housed. It is only recently discovered that no slave workers were engaged as a builders of the pyramids, as it used to be spaculated.
Besides pyramids there are also several cemeteries inside of the complex. It was the burial site for lesser royals who were buried in so-called "mastabas". Mastaba (house for eternity) is type of ancient Egyptian tomb in a form of a flat-roofed retangular structure constructed out of mud-bricks or stone. Mastabas cointained tombs of wives, sons, daughters and other family members of the rulers. The cemeteries also includes mastabas from tenants and priests.
During the New Kingdom of Egypt Giza was still active site, a chapel was built near the Sphinx during the 18th dynasty, probably by Tuthmosis I. Amenhotep I built a temple dedicated to Hauron-Haremakhmet, while Tutankhamen had a structure at Giza which is now referred to as the pharaoh resthouse.