Gizeh Pyramids, Cairo
The Giza pyramids tour is the first option for all the tourists in Cairo. You have to end the tour day with The Sound and Light Show. The show is about the Pharoonic Civilization of Egypt in Laser show and narated in some languages.The entrance will be located near the Sphinx`s gate and the laser show itself will be displayed on the sphinx and the three pyramids. The show will be opened by a march of 6-8 men with Pharaoh customs. It was a wierd march for me as the music kinda like Scotland pipe. The show is available in 7 languages : ENGLISH, ARABIC, JAPAN, FRENCH, ITALIAN, SPANISH, AND GERMAN. The show time will be different during winter and summer. IN WINTER, 1ST SHOW WILL BE AT 0630PM, SECOND AT 0730PM AND THE THIRD AT 0830PM. IN SUMMER, 1ST SHOW WILL BE AT 0730PM, SECOND AT O830PM, AND THE THIRD AT 0930PM. Even the English show seats won`t be occupied fully, so you may join the show 15minutes earlier. Be aware of the show`s languange!
ENGLISH : 1st show on MONDAY,TUESDAY,WEDNESDAY,FRIDAY, AND SATURDAY.2nd show on THURSDAY.
ARABIC : 3rd show on THURSDAY.
JAPAN : 1st show on SUNDAY AND THURSDAY.
FRENCH : 2nd show on SUNDAY, MONDAY, WEDNESDAY, AND FRIDAY.3rd show on TUESDAY.
ITALIAN : 2nd show ON TUESDAY.3rd show on SATURDAY.
SPANISH : 2nd show on SATURDAY. 3rd show on MONDAY.
GERMAN : 3rd show on SUNDAY AND WEDNESDAY.
The entrance fee is 50LE (January 2007). You may rent a small blanket for 5LE on winter time. The best seat will be the front seats in a cafe inside the show complex. Well, you have to buy drink to seat there.
You may watch it for free. Go to AL BADAWIYA COFFEE SHOP second floor, nearby the entrance gate of the show, next to Pizza HUT. You will just pay for the coffee.:-))Well, it is cheating actually. Get your ticket, you will be satisfied with their staff service and you do participate in making the better show for other visitors in the future.
This is the place they found the statue of King Chephren/Kefran/whatever the spelling is for the one who built the second pyramid in Giza.:-))It is located in the entrance to the Sphynx area. They said you just make a wish and throw any money in that well. An other weird way to get more money from the tourists though.
When going to Cairo you have go to go & see the obvious tourist attraction the PYRAMIDS!
You have to get to the pyramids early in the morning if you want to go inside as they only let about 200 people in each day, it costs around 100 Egyptian Pounds for tourists, you can book this in advance at your hotel & a driver will pick you up early morning in a limo & take you there & also any other places you would like to go.
I have a very good friend in Egypt called Hossam who is an Egyptogist & will take you anywhere in Cairo in his Limo for a good price, he will not take you to all the places that are crowded with tourists, he will show you the real Egypt & the real people. Get in touch for more details if you would like to know more.
First what one must have on his/her mind is, this is Africa and things are much different here, esspecially if dealing with Arabs. Burgaing and cheating is a lifestyle and tradition!
Renting camel ride around pyramids could be pretty much very stupid adventure. The camel owners are very rude and equally very corrupted. Renting a car daily could cost you less then 20 or 30 minutes of camel ride.
In case one wish to try it should fixed the price before climbing up on a camel, but make sure to have negotiated all in the local currency. Guys will ask you 100 for like 20-30 minutes of a ride, but later on they will say it was price in US dollars or euros. 100 LE is equal to 20$, which is far too much for 20 minutes of something, whatever it is.
They could be very tricky also, sending a camel far from the starting point and demanding more money after one came back, because the time has elapsed. It could be bad and rude arguing and the guys would ask money before ordering camel to knees down.
Anyway, renting camel in Egypt isn't very smart idea.
OK, you're in Cairo, you go see the Pyramids. It's not actually illegal to miss them, but to do so would be wilfully perverse.
It's worth knowing that there are few facilities at the site. The only source of refreshment I saw were a number of hawkers with ice-buckets of Coke, Sprite &c. So I'd strongly advise taking your own food & drink.
This is particularly so if you want to actually go inside the Pyramids. These things are liable to change, but when I visited they were selling a limited number of entry tickets, releasing half of the day's allocation first thing and the remainder after lunch. So if you pitch up mid-morning as I did you've got a few hours hanging about if you want to do this.
I'd also recommend waiting a while between buying the pyramid entry ticket & actually using it.
Most people don't. As a result the way in/out is incredibly congested: it's only a narrow tunnel, quite long & very claustrophobic. I got the impression that if I'd left it an hour or so it would have been better. But I'd spent hours on the site , was hungry and thirsty for ahwa mazbout, so I rushed it.
However cynical you are about these things (I rate pretty high) the pyramids are simply awe-inspiring, truly one of the wonders of the world).
Taxi there was around Le40 (maybe I was a bit overcharged): coming back a little more. Lots of taxis in Maidan Tahrir, not so many at Giza!
Funnily enough, the best impression of how vast they are is not from close-up. But if you visit the Citadel you can get a fantastic view, across Islamic & 19th-century Cairo, across the Nile and across Giza: there in the distance you can see the pyramids on the horizon. The intervening view gives you the sense of their distance, so you are very aware of how huge they actually are.
The over 4500 years old Pyramids of Giza are the last surviving members of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
The Great Cheops Pyramid is by far the best-known and most impressive of all the Egyptian Pyramids. Its original height was an astounding 146 metres, as high as a 40 story skyscraper and its base covers about 50000 square meters of land and divides the Lower Kingdom into exactly two parts.
Interesting fact, that the history of science considers the pyramid the evidence of the high-level mathematical knowledge. The Pyramid contains approximately 2,300,000 limestone blocks, the average weight of each about 2.5 tons, the heaviest weighing over 15 tons.
French scientists calculated that with its stones, a wall could be built around all of France that would be 0.30 metres wide and 3.0 metres high.
When it is open, the number of people that can enter, is limited to 150 visitors in the morning and an additional 150 in the afternoon.
It stands with two other pyramids, one for Cheops' son, Chephren and the smallest for his grand son, Mykerinos. The second largest Chephren pyramid appears taller due to the simple fact that it was constructed on higher ground.
The Great Sphinx stands nearby, facing due east, with a small temple between its paws. Its face is believed to be the face of the pharaoh Chephren. This immense sculpture, with the body of a lion and the head of a king or god, usually that of a pharaoh, acts as the guardian of the tombs of the great kings according to the Ancient Egyptians.
The best time of day to see the Pyramids is the early morning, just after sunrise. There is a cool breeze off the desert and most of the other tourists are having breakfast.
Just outside of the Cairo city limits are the 3 greatest pyramids in Egypt. They were built by Pharaoh Khufu, his son and grandson. The Khufu pyramid, also known as Cheops, is 140 meters high and is made from over 2,300,000 blocks. The pyramid was completed in 2566 BC.
The Pyramids of Giza is one of the greatest landmark in Egypt. These 3 huge pyramids were built in honor of Pharaoh Khufu, his son and his grandson. The biggest would be for King Khufu and then for his son and the smallest among the 3 is for his grandson. Just right next to those 3 big onse are 3 small pyramids (each) which are made for their wives.
So, the total number of pyramids which you can find in Giza are 9 all in all.
A viewing area which is elevated from the ground is great spot to see the 3 pyramids all together. There are stalls within the viewing area selling souvenir items etc.
As per out tourguide, the ancient Egyptians who built these pyramids really had a great talent in order for them to build such a thing without any cement or any other materials used to pile the huge brick of stone one after the other.
There are many debate, theories, explanations on how the great pyramid of giza was build but still no one has ever proved which one is right and real. I guess, the mystery will remain unsolved......
the first place one should visit when come to Egypt is pyramids,The structure consists of approximately 2 million blocks of stone, each weighing more than two tons,When it was built, the Great pyramid was 145.75 m (481 ft) high. Over the years, it lost 10 m (30 ft) off its top. It ranked as the tallest structure on Earth for more than 43 centuries,
After the accomplishment of the building of the Great Pyramid, King Khafre had a hard act to follow. Khafre rose to the occasion by building his pyramid on higher ground giving the illusion that his pyramid was taller,,
The pyramid of Menkaure is markedly smaller than the other two main pyramids of Giza. To set it apart from the others, it's builder tried to encase the lower portion in granite. The effort was possibly stopped by the early death of the king,,,
Visitors to the pyramid can enter through the ground-level opening. This leads to a descending passageways,,those ways had been used for hiding the mummies and it`s treasures !! when you see how complicated are passages way you will be much surprised !! :)
sphinx this huge statue with woman face and body of lion,don`t forget to go around it to see whole of it!!!
the Sound and Light Show at Giza ,don`t miss it !
you can also try riding acamel !!!!!!!!! i guess it`s very interesting experience you may not find in many places in the world,,,,,
The Great Pyramid of Giza (also called the Pyramid of Khufu and the Pyramid of Cheops) is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza Necropolis bordering what is now El Giza, Egypt. It is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and the only one to remain largely intact. It is believed the pyramid was built as a tomb for fourth dynasty Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu (Cheops in Greek) and constructed over a 20-year period concluding around 2560 BC. Initially at 146.5 metres (480.6 ft), the Great Pyramid was the tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3,800 years, the longest period of time ever held for such a record. Originally, the Great Pyramid was covered by casing stones that formed a smooth outer surface; what is seen today is the underlying core structure. Some of the casing stones that once covered the structure can still be seen around the base. There have been varying scientific and alternative theories about the Great Pyramid's construction techniques. Most accepted construction hypotheses are based on the idea that it was built by moving huge stones from a quarry and dragging and lifting them into place.
There are three known chambers inside the Great Pyramid. The lowest chamber is cut into the bedrock upon which the pyramid was built and was unfinished. The so-called Queen's Chamber and King's Chamber are higher up within the pyramid structure. The Great Pyramid of Giza is the only pyramid in Egypt known to contain both ascending and descending passages. The main part of the Giza complex is a setting of buildings that included two mortuary temples in honor of Khufu (one close to the pyramid and one near the Nile), three smaller pyramids for Khufu's wives, an even smaller "satellite" pyramid, a raised causeway connecting the two temples, and small mastaba tombs surrounding the pyramid for nobles.
It is believed the pyramid was built as a tomb for fourth dynasty Egyptian pharaoh Khufu and constructed over a 14- to 20-year period. Khufu's vizier, Hemon, or Hemiunu, is believed by some to be the architect of the Great Pyramid. It is thought that, at construction, the Great Pyramid was originally 280 Egyptian cubits tall, 146.5 metres (480.6 ft) but with erosion and absence of its pyramidion, its present height is 138.8 metres (455.4 ft). Each base side was 440 royal cubits, 230.4 metres (755.9 ft) long. A royal cubit measures 0.524 metres. The mass of the pyramid is estimated at 5.9 million tonnes. The volume, including an internal hillock, is roughly 2,500,000 cubic metres. Based on these estimates, building this in 20 years would involve installing approximately 800 tonnes of stone every day. Similarly, since it consists of an estimated 2.3 million blocks, completing the building in 20 years would involve moving an average of more than 12 of the blocks into place each hour, day and night. The first precision measurements of the pyramid were done by Egyptologist Sir Flinders Petrie in 1880–82 and published as The Pyramids and Temples of Gizeh. Almost all reports are based on his measurements. Many of the casing stones and inner chamber blocks of the Great Pyramid were fit together with extremely high precision. Based on measurements taken on the north eastern casing stones, the mean opening of the joints is only 0.5 millimetres wide (1/50th of an inch).
Great Pyramid of Giza from a 19th century stereopticon card photoThe pyramid remained the tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3,800 years, unsurpassed until the 160-metre-tall spire of Lincoln Cathedral was completed c. 1300. The accuracy of the pyramid's workmanship is such that the four sides of the base have an average error of only 58 millimetres in length. The base is horizontal and flat to within 21 mm. The sides of the square base are closely aligned to the four cardinal compass points (within 4 minutes of arc) based on true north, not magnetic north, and the finished base was squared to a mean corner error of only 12 seconds of arc. The completed design dimensions, as suggested by Petrie's survey and subsequent studies, are estimated to have originally been 280 cubits high by 440 cubits long at each of the four sides of its base. The ratio of the perimeter to height of 1760/280 cubits equates to 2ð to an accuracy of better than 0.05% (corresponding to the well-known approximation of ð as 22/7). Some Egyptologists consider this to have been the result of deliberate design proportion. Verner wrote, "We can conclude that although the ancient Egyptians could not precisely define the value of ð, in practice they used it". Petrie, author of Pyramids and Temples of Gizeh concluded: "but these relations of areas and of circular ratio are so systematic that we should grant that they were in the builders design". Others have argued that the Ancient Egyptians had no concept of pi and would not have thought to encode it in their monuments. The creation of the pyramid may instead be based on simple ratios of the sides of right angled triangles ( History source: Wikipidia)
Built around 4500 years ago, the Sphinx is still going strong but with some damage on the face!
A sphinx is a mythological creature that is depicted as a recumbent feline with a human head. It has its origins in sculpted figures of lionesses with female human heads (unless the pharaoh was depicted as the son of the deity[clarification needed]) of Old Kingdom Egypt in association with their solar deities, Bast or Sekhmet. The sphinx is also used to represent some gods with the use of heads other than human (Karnak with a ram's head and Horus with a falcon's head).The ancient Greeks adapted this image and applied their own name for a male monster, the "strangler", an archaic figure of Greek mythology. Similar creatures of either gender appear throughout South and South-East Asia. In European decorative art, the sphinx enjoyed a major revival during the Renaissance. Later, the sphinx image, something very similar to the original Ancient Egyptian concept, was exported into many other cultures, albeit often interpreted quite differently due to translations of descriptions of the originals and the evolution of the concept in relation to other cultural traditions.
Generally the role of sphinxes is associated with architectural structures such as royal tombs or religious temples. The oldest known sphinx was found in Gobekli Tepe, Turkey and was dated to 9,500 B.C. Perhaps the first sphinx in Egypt was one depicting Queen Hetepheres II, of the fourth dynasty that lasted from 2723 to 2563 BC. She was one of the longest-lived members of the royal family of that dynasty.
The largest and most famous is the Great Sphinx of Giza, Arabic: أبو الهول, sited at the Giza Plateau on the west bank of the Nile River and facing due east (29°58′31″N 31°08′15″E / 29.97528°N 31.1375°E / 29.97528; 31.1375). It is also from the same dynasty. Although the date of its construction is uncertain, the head of the Great Sphinx now is believed to be that of the pharaoh Khafra.
What names their builders gave to these statues is not known. At the Great Sphinx site, the inscription on a stele erected a thousand years later, by Thutmose IV in 1400 BCE, lists the names of three aspects of the local sun deity of that period, Khepera - Rê - Atum. The inclusion of these figures in tomb and temple complexes quickly became traditional and many pharaohs had their heads carved atop the guardian statues for their tombs to show their close relationship with the powerful solar deity, Sekhmet, a lioness. Other famous Egyptian sphinxes include one bearing the head of the pharaoh Hatshepsut, with her likeness carved in granite, which is now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, and the alabaster sphinx of Memphis, currently located within the open-air museum at that site. The theme was expanded to form great avenues of guardian sphinxes lining the approaches to tombs and temples as well as serving as details atop the posts of flights of stairs to very grand complexes. Nine hundred with ram heads, representing Amon, were built in Thebes, where his cult was strongest.( History courtsey: Wikipidia)
Pharaoh Khafre (Chephren) was son of reat pharaoh Khufu, and his pyramid is the second largest of Giza, it is also his tomb aswell. Pyramid is made of limestone blocks, each one weigh around two tonnes. It is easilly recognizable even from the distance for its kind of snow-topped peak. During reign of pharaoh Rameses II, however, casing stone was robbed from the pyramid to build a temple in Heliopolis. Casing stone cover the top of the pyramid but the pyramidion and part of the apex are missing. The first course of stone caring was not soft limestone, used by Khufu pyramid, but the much harder granite from the quarries of Aswan.
There were over 52 life size statues of Khafre around pyramid complex and mortuary temple, but were removed and recycled, possibly by Rameses II.
It is thought that pyramids have been constructed to house the remains of the deceased pharaohs who ruled over Ancient Egypt. A portion of the pharaoh's spirit called "ka" was believed to remain with his corpse. Pyramid wasn't only the tomb for the pharaoh but also a storage for the various items he would need in the afterlife. The people of Ancient Egypt believed that death on the Earth was the start of a journey to the next world.
The pyramid complex at Giza is surrounded by a large stone wall outside which was a town where the workers of the pyramid were housed. It is only recently discovered that no slave workers were engaged as a builders of the pyramids, as it used to be spaculated.
Besides pyramids there are also several cemeteries inside of the complex. It was the burial site for lesser royals who were buried in so-called "mastabas". Mastaba (house for eternity) is type of ancient Egyptian tomb in a form of a flat-roofed retangular structure constructed out of mud-bricks or stone. Mastabas cointained tombs of wives, sons, daughters and other family members of the rulers. The cemeteries also includes mastabas from tenants and priests.
During the New Kingdom of Egypt Giza was still active site, a chapel was built near the Sphinx during the 18th dynasty, probably by Tuthmosis I. Amenhotep I built a temple dedicated to Hauron-Haremakhmet, while Tutankhamen had a structure at Giza which is now referred to as the pharaoh resthouse.
Pyramid of Khufu is the oldest and the largest of the three pyramides in the Giza Plateau. It is also know as the Great Pyramid or Cheops Pyramid, which is Greek name for Khufu. Greek have considered pyramids one of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world, and pyramids are the only one to remain almost intact.
The Great Pyramid was built as a tomb for pharaoh Khufu. As it was habbit in ancient Egypt, the construction works started during pharaoh life and lasted over 20 years. It was finished around 2560 BC. Khufu's Pyramid has 146,5 metres and was the tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3800 years.
According to leading and most accepted hypothesses, the pyramids were built by moving huge stones from a quarry and dragging and lifting them into the place.
Pyramid of Khufu is the only pyramid in Egypt known to contain both ascending and descending passages. It was originally covered by casing stones that formed a smooth outer surface. This pyramid consist of an estimated 2,3 million limestone blocks. The largest granite stones in the pyramid, found in the King's Chamber, weigh 25 to 80 tonnes and were transported from Aswan which is more then 800 kilometres away. At completion the Great Pyramid was surfaced by white casing stones blocks of highly polished white limestone.
Pyramid is amazing construction, work of more then 100.000 very skillful workers but we all probably ask ourselves when standing in front of it, how was it possible?
Sphinx is mythical creature with a lion's body and a human head, however, it does not appear in any known inscription of the Old Kingdom and its original purpose is unknown. It is believed that The Great Sphinx, as it is called, was built during the reign of the pharaoh Khafre (2558-2532 BC).
Pliny The Elder mentioned that according to Egyptian legend King Hamais was burried in Great Sphinx.
It is the largest monolith statue in the world, 74 metres long 6 metres wide and 20 metres high. Can you believe it, 2,5 thousand years BC this statue was carved almost entirely from one piece of limestone!
In Arabic language the sphinx is called Abu al Hul, "The father of terror".