Pyramid of Khufu is the oldest and the largest of the three pyramides in the Giza Plateau. It is also know as the Great Pyramid or Cheops Pyramid, which is Greek name for Khufu. Greek have considered pyramids one of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world, and pyramids are the only one to remain almost intact.
The Great Pyramid was built as a tomb for pharaoh Khufu. As it was habbit in ancient Egypt, the construction works started during pharaoh life and lasted over 20 years. It was finished around 2560 BC. Khufu's Pyramid has 146,5 metres and was the tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3800 years.
According to leading and most accepted hypothesses, the pyramids were built by moving huge stones from a quarry and dragging and lifting them into the place.
Pyramid of Khufu is the only pyramid in Egypt known to contain both ascending and descending passages. It was originally covered by casing stones that formed a smooth outer surface. This pyramid consist of an estimated 2,3 million limestone blocks. The largest granite stones in the pyramid, found in the King's Chamber, weigh 25 to 80 tonnes and were transported from Aswan which is more then 800 kilometres away. At completion the Great Pyramid was surfaced by white casing stones blocks of highly polished white limestone.
Pyramid is amazing construction, work of more then 100.000 very skillful workers but we all probably ask ourselves when standing in front of it, how was it possible?
Sphinx is mythical creature with a lion's body and a human head, however, it does not appear in any known inscription of the Old Kingdom and its original purpose is unknown. It is believed that The Great Sphinx, as it is called, was built during the reign of the pharaoh Khafre (2558-2532 BC).
Pliny The Elder mentioned that according to Egyptian legend King Hamais was burried in Great Sphinx.
It is the largest monolith statue in the world, 74 metres long 6 metres wide and 20 metres high. Can you believe it, 2,5 thousand years BC this statue was carved almost entirely from one piece of limestone!
In Arabic language the sphinx is called Abu al Hul, "The father of terror".
Out of the three Pyramids, the most famous is Pharaon Khufu (or better known with his Greek name – Cheops) pyramid, built more than 4.500 years ago, the first and the last one that survived from the seven wonders of the ancient world.
The Great pyramid was initially 145.75 m high, but over the years lost 10 m of the top.
The pyramid is made of more than 2 million blocks of stone, each weighing more than two tons.
The second pyramid, Kephren's one, is the only one that still keeps on the top remains of the white stone that once covered entirely the pyramids.
Going inside the pyramid it's an interesting experience, although if you expect to find something at the end of the narrow corridor going up and down, you will be disappointed.
There's only an empty burial chamber...
And you'll go out all wet.
Entrance fee: LE 20- (USD 3.5)
You cannot enter inside the pyramid with the camera.
All of my life I have wanted to see the Pyramids and I kept postponing the trip because of the stories of terrorism. Eventually, in 2004, I decided to press on and realise my travel dream. What an incredible experience!
First of all , for any others of you who fear the terrorist threats, security throughout Egypt is now very high indeed and we felt secure at all times.
We hired a private coach and guide for our two days in Cairo and it was so very well worth the extra cost. To be fair, the cost of living is so reasonable in Cairo that it actually didn't make a big dent in our holiday budget at all.
Our guide explained everything to us as we went along, and gave us a short history of Egypt and the Pyramids.
She gave us the option of entering the Great Pyramid, but explained to us that it would be much quicker (and equally as rewarding) to enter one of the smaller ones instead, which we did.
Entering the Pyramid was not at all as I had expected. First of all, the entrance is up many steps. As you enter you have to turn backwards and descend into the heart of the Pyramid that way. It feels a bit wierd, and as you descend it gets even more strange as the air thins and becomes suffocating. You will find yourself dripping with perspiration, even if you normally don't.
It was an incredible experience - so rewarding, and so profound to find yourself immersed in the history of the ancient Egyptians.
Sfinx is really great. It is 73,5 m long and 20 m high. It is the symbol of power and wisdom.
It is awful, but this is very probable, that in 40 years The Great Sfinx will crumble in dust...
What will become of him????
The Great Sphinx, built in 2.620 B.C., has the head of King Chephren of Egypt, the 4th king of the 4th dynasty, known also as Khafre, son of king Khufu who build the Great Pyramid and lion body.
The face of the sphinx is 4m wide, the eyes are 2m high, the mouth is about 2m wide and the ears are over 1m high.
Giza plateau is the one thing Cairo and Egypt are most famous for.
Giza is the name of a gigantic burial grounds which cover an area of 2000 square meters on a plateau. The Sphinx and the Pyramids are the principal monuments. They are the only one of the seven wonders of the world exalted by the Greeks in the 2nd century BC still extant.
The pyramids lie along a diagonal running from NE to SW, so that none of them ever hide the sun from the others. They were built by Cheops, Chefren and Mycerinus and all 3 have a burial chamber excavated in the rock and set almost in the centre of the main body of the construction.
One stands breathless in front of these colossal buildings knowing such facts that e.g there are more than 2 million cubic meters of stone blocks in the Cheops’ pyramid. Each block weighs up to 200 tons.
The Sphinx in the likeness of the king Chefren is a monolith standing in front of the Chefren’s pyramid as the guardian of the temple of the Sphinx (Chefren). This gigantic human-headed lion is 21 meters high and 73 meters long. The Sphinx’s head is 5 meters high and the defacement is clearly visible and was caused by the Mameluke cannons. There was also a false beard added by Thutmosis IV but it fell off and is now in the Cairo museum.
After a short visit to Memphis and Sakkara you end with the real highlight of the day: the Gizeh pyramids.....
Make sure that you are there at least before one o'clock in the afternoon when you want to visit the pyramid of Cheops at the inside. Daily there are only 150 people aloud to visit this pyramid.
If you are on you way to the outside a short visit to the sfinx of Gizeh is a must..... You can't miss that one!!
Mycherinos Pyramid is only 66 m high, being the smallest of the three pyramids.
Unlike Keops and Kephren pyramids, it is not entirely limestone, the uppermost portions being made of granite blocks brought from Aswan.
Not too far from the Pyramids it's a plateau from which you can have a very nice view over the three Pyramids.
Is the perfect place for taking some nice pictures.
There are also several shops where you can buy papyruses, small stone pyramids or other souvenirs.
The Great Sphinx or "Abu Hol as he is sometimes called. is one of the most recognizable monuments in the world. He and the three pyramids he guards are considered to be one of the "Seven Wonders of the World". Abu Hol acts as a protector of The Pyramids. The Sphinx is made of natural stone, the Sphinx is the largest monolithic statue in the world. Abu Hol is 260 ft long, 20 ft wide, and 66 ft tall, he stands taller than a 6-story building. His paws alone are 50 ft long, his head, 30 ft long and 14 ft wide.
He was discovered by Tuthmosis IV he unearthed the Sphinx after being buried in sand. The last time he was cleared of sand was in 1925. The Sphinx has had many restore him throughout the years. His breast and paws were restored by the Ptolemys and the Caesars. the latest restoration was of his tail which wraps around his right side.
Other facts about the Sphinx:
He is oriented due east to face the rising sun.
There is a chapel located between his paws which was discovered in 1816.
There is a small temple located behind the Sphinx made up of large blocks of Red Granite from Aswan.
The body of the Sphinx has suffered water damage, which is a mystery since he and the location of the pyramids borders on the Sahara Desert.
Price: 60.00 L.E. (10.39 USD)
The greatest treasure on Earth! I believe every person in this world should visit the Pyramids at least once in a lifetime. It is not until one is right in front of the three Pyramids that one realises their greatness. I was up close and personal with the Pyramids for the first time in over 20 years, but knowing that they had been there for 4500 years makes those 20 seem nothing! For more, check out my Pyramids of Giza page.
Well, there is definitely no word to express the sensations you will be about to feel once you will be here...You wil be taken back to 2.500 b.c. directly into the egyptian history.
I always seen the pyramids in school books or documentary, or whatsoever like this, and picture myself just few meters away from those beuaty was something amazing!
Just enjoy the time you will be spending here, chilling around and relax your eyes!
The entry fee for the whole area is 40 L.E.
You will need a couple of ours to explore the entire area, but, if you are taking part @ a tour, you will have less time, amnd all will be done in hurry, and definitely I do not suggest it to you!
If you are not taking part @ a tour, the easiest way to reach the site is to hire a taxi roundtrip, which will cost you abt 40 L.E.
To take a shot like mine, you will have to walk (or to hire a camel/horse, I do not sugget it!!!) till the “panorama view point”..simply ask someone...