Founded in 3000BC, Memphis is the capital city of ancient Egypt - during the old kingdom. It's the center for commerce and trade, so it used to be full of business activities during its glory days. Located 20 kilometers south of Cairo, Memphis is near and around the cities and towns of Mit Rahina, Dahshur, Abusir, Abu Gorab, and Zawyet el Aryan.
But what was left of the old kingdom capital is just a small open-air museum and the huge statue of Rameses II laying on its back located inside a 2-level building structure and surrounded by blocks of other historical findings in the ancient capital.
Around the courtyard of the open-air museum surrounds several huts selling souvenir stuff.
Memphis was the first stop of my full-day private car tour.
Traveling from Cairo to this place alone is not really a good idea, so people normally book tours that include this and Saqqara + Pyramids.
visit memphis - one of the oldest town on earth
The city was founded by King Menes, that king who unified upper & Lower Egypt, in 3,100 BC by creating dikes to protect the area from Nile floods.
The city was the capital of Old Egypt during the Old Kingdom , it is considered to be a center of rule and culture for over 3000 years and had great architectural achievements and it is believed that Memphis was the largest city in the world from its foundation until around 2250 BC. The name of the city derives from the Pyramid of Mn-nfr.
At Memphis you can see a colossal red granite statue of the great Rameses II, lying on the ground in a covered pavillon. The statue once measured almost 40 feet but has been damaged with its lower legs and feet missing. The other statue of Rameses II is located in Cairo near the train station.
Memphis is a place you have to see if you visit Cairo. The beautiful and big statue of Ramses II is amazing.
Entrance fee was in 2005, 25 L.E. (Egyptian pound)
At the Saqqara area you can find a lot of mastaba tombs (toms of the nobles) and some pyramids that don´t look like a pyramid anymore. To mention the pyramid of Unaz and Teti.
But the step pyramid of Djozer in Saqqara. It´s one of the first pyramids, and it´s amazing that it is still standing here to day. Just amazing.
The entrance fee to the step pyramid was in 2005, 35 L.E.
One of the ancient Egyptian localities, not far from Cairo, a place with equisite collections and displays of this fascinating culture.
Memphis museum contains some of the masterpieces. All of them are in the open air. Except Rameses colossi with is situated in only building there.
visit Memphis and the statue of Ramesses II
Magnificent statue! Modern-day houses standing on top of many more antique temples, all waiting to be excavated one day ...