Midan Tahrir, Cairo
the world Knows Tahrir Square since this public Square, located in the middle of Midan Tahrir District of Cairo was the epicenter of the Egyptian Revolution of 2011, which led to the ousting of Hosni Mubarak. It was aptly named marty's square as there was lots of people killed around the square during the revolution. The Egypt National Musuem sits just across this historic Square.
according to wikipedia:
The square was originally called "Ismailia Square" (ميدان الأسماعيليّة Mīdān al-Ismā‘īliyyah), after the 19th-century ruler Khedive Ismail, who commissioned the new downtown district's 'Paris on the Nile' design. After the Egyptian Revolution of 1919, the square became widely known as Tahrir (Liberation) Square, but the square was not officially renamed until the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, which changed Egypt from a constitutional monarchy into a republic.
At the centre of Tahrir Square is a large and busy traffic circle. On the north-east side is a plaza with a statue of nationalist hero Omar Makram, celebrated for his resistance against Napoleon I's invasion of Egypt, and beyond is the Omar Makram Mosque.
The square is the northern terminus of the historic Qasr al-Ayni Street, the western terminus of Talaat Harb Street, and via Qasr al-Nil Street crossing its southern portion it has direct access to the Qasr al-Nil Bridge crossing the nearby Nile River.
The area around Tahrir Square includes the Egyptian Museum, the House of Folklore, the National Democratic Party-NDP headquarters building, the Mogamma government building, the Headquarters of the Arab League building, the Nile Hotel, Kasr El Dobara Evangelical Church and the original downtown campus of the American University in Cairo.
The Cairo Metro serves Tahrir Square with the Sadat Station, which is the downtown junction of the system's two lines, linking to Giza, Maadi, Helwan, and other districts and suburbs of Greater Cairo. Its underground access viaducts provide the safest routes for pedestrians crossing the broad roads of the heavily trafficked square.
Originally named Midan Ismailiah, after the Khedive Ismail, Cairo's most important square was created as part of the 19th century urban planning under the europhile ruler. It was once surrounded by grand palaces, which gradually gave way to modern buildings. Post-revolution, the square's name was changed to Midan Tahrir, i.e. Liberation Square. Surrounding the square today are the Egyptian Antiquities Museum, the powder blue 1959 Nile Hilton, the American University in Cairo, the infamously bureaucratic Mugamma government building, as well as some Art Déco and Art Nouveau buildings from the early 1900's. The square is now one of the busiest in Cairo and contains numerous bilboards with various advertisements. The square became world-famous in 2011 as the site of the Egyptian Revolution, which led to the fall of the former dictator president Hosni Mubarak, a revolution which continues today in November 2011 as I update this tip.
Many roads coverge at this very busy midan It is actually a wide area, with chaotic traffic. It is quite a effort to cross the streets here!
Some buildings around here:
Egyptian Museum (reddish-brown-pink building)
Arab Leauge Building
Mogamma (Government Buiding - quite a monstrosity)
American University of Cairo
This is a facinating place, great for people watching. It is as busy at night, if not more tha daytime.
It is one of the largest public squares in Cairo. It represents modern "european" part of the city.It is impossible to miss it as many attractions and the hotels lay around it. The other common names for it are Liberation Square and Tahrir Sqare but if you use taxi I recommend to ask for Midan Tahrir, trying the other names before I have learnt the word midan, I once ended up changing the taxi in order to get there.