In the district Al-Fuhaywat of Benghazi are two British Military cemetaries. We visited the Benghazi War Cemetary opposite the children hospital. At the cemetary are 1214 graves of Commonwealth soldiers. Here is also the grave of Geoffrey Keyes, who succeeded to invade the house of the German Rommel in 1941 and was killed after he was discovered.
There are graves of soldiers from India, from the West African Peace Corps and also Islamic graves. The graveyard is well kept by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.
North east of Benghazi on the way to Al Bayda is the Jebel Akbar, the 'Green Mountain'. The Jebel Akbar is a mountain ridge of a maximum height of 880 m. In the north south direction there are several steep wadi's.
One of the most spectular is the 'Wadi Kuf' or 'Valley of the caves' picture 1). From the bridge (picture 2&3) you have a great view at the deep wadi (picture 4). We went out of the bus and corssed the bridge by foot.
The Wadi Kuf got its name by the many caves in the steep slopes (picture 5). Some are natural and some are hand-made. The warriors of Omar al-Mukhtar fighted here against the Italian soldiers.
Tocra or Teucheira is founded around 510 BC. Tocra was one of the first ports settled from Cyrene. For the building of Tocra soft sandstone was used, which has proved unable to withstand the earthquakes through the centuries.
After passing through the gate (picture 1) into Tocra, you see lots of columns in varying states of disrepair. Walking to the the fort (picture 2) at the seaside there are at the right side excavated remains of Roman tombs (picture 5) cut into the rock wall of a sunken pit. The fort dates from the more recent Turkish and Italian era. Behind the fort is a small museum.
Outside the gate and citywalls are the archaeological ruins. You can see the remains of the Eastern Basilica, of a Greek gymnasium, of Byzantine Baths and a Byzantine Fortress, several ancient Greek inscriptions (picture 4) and mosaics. A flamboyant local guide Abdulwa Elarfe (picture 3), telling us he has played as a 'moviestar' in a movie about the Sahara as well, was one of the main attractions of the site.
Tocra is situated 70 km from Benghazi on the way to Al Bayda