Shahhat Travel Guide

  • Two roman ladies
    Two roman ladies
    by Luchonda
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    xxxxxxxxxxxx
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  • Sanctuary of Apollo
    Sanctuary of Apollo
    by Luchonda

Shahhat Things to Do

  • Museum - Statue of Apollo

    Apollo, the Sun god, brings life-giving heat and light to Earth. He was patron god of musicians and poets, and was associated with law, philosophy, and the arts. He is considered the ideal of manly beauty, so that a very handsome man might be called an “Apollo”. Despite his magnificent beauty, he was not very lucky when it came to love.He was a...

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  • Museum - Statue of Nike

    Nike was the Goddess of Victory and was usually pictured with wings. She was a very popular goddess in time of war. This did not mean that Nike's prowess were confined to military exploits, quite the opposite, she was equally famous for her vistory in many areas of ancient Greek life, including athletics and other contests. According to the poet...

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  • Necropolis

    Next to the "Baths of Paris/Artemis, but at the opposite site of the holy road you will see a lot of tombs, say "Necropolis" situated on a hillside overlooking the city. The necropolis dates back to the 6th century BC when it was used by the Greeks, the Romans and Byzantines.Even after leaving the site, in the area, you will meet a lot such...

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  • Baths of Paris

    Strolling from the agora direction the Apollo square you will see a lot of places still to be excavated. On the left you can see some remarkable caves. They seem to be ancient baths and are called Greek (i.e. pre-Roman) or"Baths of Artemis". Some other archeo's call them now the "Byzantine Baths of Paris", who is right, who is wrong.Anyway the...

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  • Cyrene site

    Cyrene is an archeological site near the village of Shahat. One of its more significant features is the Temple of Apollo which was originally constructed as early as 7th century BC. Other ancient structures include a Temple to Demeter and a partially unexcavated Temple to Zeus

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  • Tempel of Zeus

    High up from the rest of the town, lies the Temple of Zeus, dating back to the 5th century BCE, but restored by the Romans around year 0. It was destroyed during a Jewish rebellion in 115, and restored a second time in 120. In the great earthquake of 365, it was crushed and not rebuilt before British and Italian archaeologists put it back together...

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  • Visit the local museum

    Visiting this museum is a must. Many Greek (right side) and Roman (left side) statues and mosaics are shown here in a professional but private atmosphere - the guide is top an speaks fluent english.

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  • Public Baths

    The public baths were very well restored and contain some good mosaics and cipolin columns. The baths were originally constructed in 98-99 AD under the Emperor Trajan, and later restored by Hadrian. During a violent storm in 1913, a beautiful statue of Venus was unearthed, now in the museum in Rome.

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  • Hypocaust

    Roman engineers devised an ingenious system of heating the baths—the hypocaust. By raising the floor off the ground with the use of pillars, cavities were created inside the walls so that hot air from the furnace (praefurnium) could circulate through these open areas. The calidarium and laconicum would be placed closst to the hypocaust as they...

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  • Sauna

    Bathing was considered a leisure activity in Roman times and was part of the daily routine for men of all classes, as well as many women. While we consider bathing to be a very private activity conducted in the home, bathing in Roman cities was a communal activity, conducted in public facilities such as this sauna (laconicum). From the changing...

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  • Swimming Pool

    The pool was built in 98 AD during the Trahan period, later restored by Emperor Hadrian. Trajan was the Emperor of Rome from year 98 to year 117. His full name was Marcus Ulpius Nerva Traianus, he was the second of the so-called "five good emperors" of the Roman Empire. Under his rule, the empire reached its greatest territorial extent.

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  • Temple of Hekate

    Hekate was the underworld goddess of witchcraft, having inherited her powers from her parents Perses and Asteria. She was the guardian against evil spirits and restless ghosts and as a guide through the difficult transitions of life - such as birth and death. Hekate is often said to be a triple Goddess, this refers to depictions of her with three...

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  • Necropolis

    There are 2010 tombs in the Necropolis situated on a hillside overlooking the city. The necropolis dates back to the 6th century BC when it was used by the Greeks, and the Romans and Byzantine continued using the tombs right up until the 6th century AD. Some of the tombs have later being utilised by hermits as accommodation. During the heydays of...

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  • Altar of Artemis

    Artemis was the goddess of the wilderness, the hunt and wild animals, the daughter of Leto and Zeus, and twin sister of Apollo. She later became a goddess of fertility and childbirth. Her main duty was hunting and protecting wild animals. The altar was constructed in the 4th century AD.

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  • Acropolis

    The Acropolis was quite simply a fortified height or citadel of an ancient Greek city, often holding a building or cluster of buildings. It comes from the Grek words akron meaning top and polis = city.

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  • Sporting performances

    The amphitheatre would be used for what the Romans called sport. Usually the performances would follow a set routine, starting with hunters chasing rabbits and other small rodents in the arena. The next act would be shackled criminals being 'fed' to the lions. The Christinas who followed, although free of shackles, would not stand much more chance...

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  • Theatre # 4

    The original Greek theatre dates from the 6th century BC and was built to present music and plays. In the 2nd century AD, the Romans converted it to an amphitheatre, adding more tiers so that it could now seat 1000 spectators.

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  • Temple of Apollo

    One of the earliest temples in Cyrene, it dates back to the 6th century BC. The temple was graced with 34 columns. A statue of Aplollo was found here and is now in the British museum. The temple has been rebuilt since its origin, first in the 4th century BC and also after the being damaged during the Jewish revolt between 115 and 117 AD. What you...

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  • Temple of Bacchus

    The Roman god of wine and intoxication and was accompanied by Maenads, the wild dancing women. Bacchanalia, orgies in honor of Dionysus, were introduced in Rome around 200 BCE. These infamous celebrations, notorious for their sexual and criminal character, got so out of hand that they were forbidden by the Roman Senate in 186 BCE.Bacchus was also...

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  • Inscription

    Above the springs is an inscription in the rock by a priest giving thanks to Aplollo for not contaminating the holy water in the fountain.

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  • Spring of Apollo

    A small thermal complex was built in the 5th century around a natural spring. There are niches built into the rock where oil lamps would have been placed. The faithful would come here and take their ablutions in the holy water, then they would walk seven times around the temples. The number seven was symbolic as Apollo was born on the seventh day....

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  • Propylea

    The Greek Propylea (Monumental Gateway) with its four Doric columns dates from the 3rd century BC and has been beautifully reconstructed.

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  • Sacred Way

    The sacred way would lead from the Arch of Marcus Eurelues one end to the Sanctuary of Apollo the other end and would sepearte the city and the Necropolis.

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  • Sanctuary of Demeter

    Demeter was the god of agriculture, and this was the site of wild annual parties and celebrations. Sacrifices would have been carried out here, making offerings to the goddesses. The statues were added later by the Romans.Steps lead down to an underground cavity where questions would have been asked of an oracle.

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  • Capitoleum

    The Capitoleum was a traditional Greek temple dedicated to the three gods - Zeus, Hera and Athena.The equivalent three gods in Roman mythology would be Jupiter, Juno and Minerva.

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  • Theatre # 3

    This smallish Greek theatre was only discovered two years ago by archaorlogists who saw some steps in the hillside. The theatre is outside what was the city walls.Only 40% of Cyrene has been excavated, there must be limitless treasures still buried ubder centuries of earth and rubble.

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  • Agora

    The Agora was the heart of the Greek city, serving as a public square. The square would have been lined with many shops and temples the area would have been a magnet for the rich and powerful inhabitants of Cyrene.

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  • House of Jason Magnus

    Cladius Tiberius Jason Magnus was the high priest of the Temple of Apollo in the 2nd century AD, and his imperssive private residence is really worth a visit. The floor of the dining room is still covered with marble, and there are fine mosaics. For more pictures of the beautiful private residence, see the Travelogue below.

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  • Theatre # 1

    The fact that Cyrene had at least four theatres shows the importance the city carried at that time.This theatre was found just beside the Gymnasium and was built during the Roman time in the 2nd century AD.

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  • Theatre # 2

    A much larger theatre from the Greek period, probably used for music performances. The granite columns were brought from Aswan.

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Shahhat Transportation

  • marenloo's Profile Photo

    by marenloo Written Sep 29, 2002

    2.5 out of 5 starsHelpfulness

    If you dont use a private car . Buses go between Shahat and Albaydha all the day.
    Dont think of transportation , people are so kind and they could give you a lift just to see you happy with their nice town.
    Shahat is small and you could go around the remains on foot. Remember that there are two entries to the city in order to make the round more comfertable

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Shahhat Off The Beaten Path

  • Temple of Zeus - Altar

    The entrance to the temple was from the east, and only priests would be permitted inside the temple. Animal sacrifices would have been carried out here.

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  • Temple of Zeus

    Some distance away from the rest of the antiquities, the Temple of Zeus is well worth the effort to get there, as this really is one of the highlights of Cyrene.The temple of Zeus was constructed to be larger than the Parthenon in Athens to signify the importance of the city of Cyrene. The temple was built in the 5th century in Duric style, and...

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