Sabratha was to a large extent the one with least wealth, yet there are structures here that gives a lot of sense to the idea of visiting it. Sabratha was constructed in the 1st and 2nd centuries AD, but it did survive longer than its big brother, Leptis Magna. As is the case with many ancient cities in North Africa, it was the arrival of the Arabs, that resulted in the final decline.
Much of the city was destroyed by earthquakes during the 4th century, particularly that which took place in 365 AD. A rebuilding programme followed but the city was now to occupy a much smaller area. The Vandals ruled in the 5th century but they were expelled under the Emperor Justinian and further building projects took place in the Byzantine era. Sabrata was to survive for a hundred years following the Arab invasion of the mid 7th century AD.
The most spectacular site in Sabrata is the Theatre, probably built during the reign of the Emperor Commodus (161-192 AD), with its three-storey backdrop of columns. Other monuments and areas of interest include the Temple of Liber Pater, the Basilica of Justinian, the Mosaics of the House of Jason Magnus, the Capitolium, the Temple of Serapis, the Temple of Hercules and the Temple of Isis.
--- is one of the most extensive archaeological sites - is a World Heritage site on the Mediterranean coast of North Africa in the Tripolitania region of Libya, located on the coast 120 kilometres east of Tripoli. Originally founded by the Phoenicians in the 10th Century BC, it survived the attention of Spartan colonists, became a Punic city and eventually part of the new Roman province of Africa around 23 BCAs a Roman city it prospered, boasting Emperor L Septimius Severus as one of its sons and benefactors.
Sacked by a Berber tribe in 523 AD it was abandoned and quickly reclaimed by the desert. Although it provided a source of building materials to various pillagers throughout history, it was not excavated until the 1920s.
1997 will be largely a study season when the artefacts and other evidence can be examined to piece together answers to some of the intriguing questions this dig has raised - What happened to the 2nd/3rd centuries? Why did such a small house need extensive underground water cisterns?
This site, located in the Gebel Akhdar region, was founded in the seventh century B.C. in an area where Carthaginian influence was predominant. From the fifth to fourth centuries B.C., this Greek trading post, situated inland, knew its most prosperous period and was able gain the goodwill of Alexander the Great, without falling under his sword.
Cyrene, a city steeped in history and legends for a thousand years, is one of the most complex archaeological sites in the Mediterranean region. Like the other Greek cities of Libya it provides an outstanding example of prosperity in the Mediterranean and African worlds, whose attributes it managed harmoniously to combine.
Monument after monument, the relics found by archaeologists illustrate an extremely clear aesthetic ambition and the religious fervour that inspired the people, focused on their protector, Apollo.
The site of Cyrene, which has not yet been fully explored, contains some remarkable relics from the Greco-Roman period. Among the most important are:
The Sanctuary and Temple of Apollo, the city's oldest cultural building. During the Imperial Roman era, from Trajan to Hadrian, the abundance of water from Apollo's spring led to the building of baths that contains the site's most impressive statues. The sanctuary included a large number of buildings -including temples, porticos and fountains.
To the east, on a nearby hill, the Cyrenians built the biggest Greek Doric temple in Africa in the sixth century B.C. - the Sanctuary of Zeus, which is comparable to the Temple of Zeus at Olympia.
Finally, the wealth of funerary monuments lends an unforgettable mood to the Cyrenian landscape. A major excavation project in the region has been proposed to the Libyan government by the University of Leicester. The aim of the project would be to identify the links existing between Cyrene and the surrounding area in ancient times.
Favorite thing: The mountainous region of Tadrart Acacus is situated near the country's southwest border, east of the city of Ghat. The site also includes the Murzuch desert which bears traces of the different phases of the palaeolithic era, during which hunters lived surrounded by flora and fauna similar to those that today thrive in tropical regions. Tools have been unearthed across an area covering thousands of kilometres. In the Tadrart Acacus mountains, cave paintings and carvings of various styles are scattered throughout almost all the valleys, representing the various cultural groups that lived there during those long periods of prehistory. This cave art, discovered in the Libyan desert of Fezzan, bears witness to marked climatic changes resulting from the gradual encroachment of the desert.
visit the desert ' Alsahara'which is the largest in the world.
The Green Mountain has very lovely places.It situates in the eastern part of Libya and not so far from Benghazi.Cyrene which had been built by the ancient greek is 220 k.m from benghazi,you should see it.
The capital Tripoli which is described in the next page.You shoud go to Gharian from it and see the digged houses there.
Fondest memory: Waterfalls in the green mountain are digged in memory . Try to visit them. There are two near the city of Derna.
The green mountain (Aljabal Alakhder) , The Sahara and the digged houses in Aljabal Algarbi are the most things I love to go to and see more and more.
Fondest memory: This picture is from the near past. Somewhere in Libya you might find such old people who enjoy playing cards , use their bikes as means of transportation and love to live in such houses.
Traditional Libyan clothes are still weared specially by old people.
Libya, which is as big as Germany, France, Scandinavia and
Holland put together, is the gateway to the Arab Maghreb,and
the link between Europe and Africa .
It also connects the desert to the sea ( the Gulf of sirt_'Africa's window on the world'), and is a country which, more than any other, has succeeded in remaining a virgin land.
Capable of offering tourists with a passion for archaeology and love of adventure first_class hotel accommodation,
impressive historical remains,unique landscapes, nature in all its glory, and striking contrasts.
Fondest memory: The Arabs say:-
(( If amazement is the first step to knowledge, our desert
is amazement itself.))
If you are coming to Libya by air ; you must come to Tripoli at first . When you arrive ; you can find very cheep taxi to the center of city [ ~ 30 km ]
Best hotels are HOTEL MAHARI and HOTEL KEBIR . You can find good services and clean rooms . And it is not expensive . Even you can find more cheaper hotels in city.
Fondest memory: My best memory about Libya :
MY MARRIAGE PARTY... I married with a LIBYAN LADY at 1992 and I'm very happy with her .
We made traditional party for marriage ; it was really interesting . Just one week ...Everyday different affair . Really you must come and see a Libyan marriage party.
Visit Tripoli (North-West Libya) Tripoli is the capital of Libya and the place worth to see. Most of the tours start here. You find in Tripoli the lovely colonial (Lybia was the Italian colony) buildings, the small and narrow streets of old Tripoli, mosques.
Fondest memory: I enjoyed just to walk around Tripoli. This city has some unique charm. More pictures in the travelogue 'Tripoli'
Visit Tripoli the old city.The old city of Tripoli on noth Africa coast displays many features tyical of mediterranean towns.Its urban fabric-as well as its important historical monument,express many of charactreristics of a city culture,which was developed in the mediterranean basin .Like many other towns of the same local ,the history of Tripoli is complex,extending bsck into the classic time with fpr exaple,the celebrated triumphal arch erected for the honor of the joint emperor Marcus Aurilius & Lusius Virus,in (163A.D).When walking through its narrow streets it is not unusual to come across roman columns,which have been reused as building material.
many different dynasties had ruled over the city after the arab arrival and islamic religion in the 7th centuries.These included periods of european domination-the spanish & the knights of St.John the baptist in the 16th century.
Most of the buildings that may now be seen in the old city date from period of the Othmans,who governed Libya in the 16th-the begining of the 20th century,through the ominous Qaramanly dynasty.
The name of Tripoli was derived from(Tripolis),a greek name for the phoenician cities :Lepsis,Oea & Sebratha).
Oea:It's a phoenician name of Tripoli city,some historians think that this name was derived from the word(IAT or UIAT)which was a name of libyan tribe once had inhabited the site in the antiquities.
Visiting the old city doesn't mean only seeing buildings;there's the handicraft which still flourish and supply goods for libyans & touristsa like.The handicraft that you can see,for exaple,wood products:rugs & carpets.Pottery:clay,ceramics & hand made goods.Wood:kichenware & decorative goods.Palm-tree crafts:mats,fans & robes.Metal:mostly silver jewellery & copper kitchenware.
WHILE VISITING THE OLD CITY OF TRIPOLI,YOU'LL SEE:
1-Tripoli red castle.
2-The mosque of Ahmad basha(1736).
3-Al Naaqa mosque.
4-The garamanly hous(1754-1793).
5-The mosque of Darghut basha(16th century).
6-Turkish prison'The church of St.Georgius for the roman orthodox'(1664 A.D).
7-The church of Santa Maria Degli Angeli(1615).
9-The arch of Marcus Aurilius(163 A.D).
10-The mosque of Mustafa Gurji basha.
11-The british consulate(1744).
12-Jewish school(15th century).
14-Sidi AlHadar mosque.
15-Jewish chief synagogue.
16-The roman defensive wall.
Fondest memory: The people in Tripoli, as all the people of Great Jamahiria,are very welcoming & friendly,often showing extraordinary hospitality to visitors and tourists,there by offering good opportunities to learn about their culture.
Hmmmmm? With a friend (not alone- at least not the first time) just go for a walk around the citycentre and sea front starting around 18.00 / 19.00 hrs and go with the flow on what you find. Its truly a friendly place.
Fondest memory: Being invited to a complete stranger's house to join him and his family for a meal (Would we do the same? )
If you're in Benghazi, go to one of the principal hotels (Ouzo, Tibesti) and hire a taxi for the day to the Green Mountains to the east. You'll be very pleasantly surprised by the scenery. Make a point of talking to people that you meet, they and you will enjoy it.
visit the Lebanese restraurant behind the Al-Kebir Hotel in Tripoli for reasonably-priced good food.
Dont be afraid to just walk in somewhere and ask about the menu, as chatting is a normal part of life there and it establishes a good start to the meal. And dont worry about leaving if you feel its not the meal you're looking for.
Fondest memory: taking a desert taxi from Marsa el-Brega to Tripoli overnight. Low price and not exactly recommended, but some experience!
Go to the ancient granary at Gaze al Haj. It is 12th century and looks like a fortress from the outside and a wonderful set of huge pigeonholes within. The granary is still in use with the local people and you may see them crawling through the gaps to collect the grain.
Fondest memory: This is really difficult to choose there are so many fantastic experiences. There is the incredible Villa Silin mosaics, the experience of the desert but, choosing one thing it would probably be the Temple of Isis on the headland next to the Mediterranean at Sabratha. The walk from the amphitheatre to it is much better than the walk from the theatre. Romantic and most people don't bother to do the walk!
Favorite thing: Camels on the road from Tripoli to Ghadames. It is said to be dangerous driving at night because the camels lay on the asfalted road as this is warmer. Also watch out for sand dunes blown on the road!
Visit Leptis Magna, a huge Roman city with many streets and building still standing. Don't forget to go to the bath house on the beach which is a long walk but definitely worth it. When we went it was closed, but the inside had beautiful frescos which could be seen through a small window.
Fondest memory: The friends we got to know in Lybia, and the splendid evenings we had dining at their appartement in Tripoli.
Meseera El Kubra Street, Off Omar El Mokhtar Street, Tripoli, 10000, Libya
Good for: Solo
When our KLM flight was cancelled on 21 Feb 2011 we were put in the Corinthia Bab Africa Hotel, and...more
Al Fatah Street - The Corniche, Tripoli, Libya
Good for: Business
More Regions in Libya