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    Bayon (Prasat Bayon) Upper Terrace

    by machomikemd Written Jun 28, 2012

    This will be a more pictures on the Upper Terrace of The Bayon, where the Smiling Faces and the Face Towers of the Bayon, each of which supports two, three or (most commonly) four gigantic smiling faces. In addition to the mass of the central tower, smaller towers are located along the inner gallery (at the corners and entrances), and on chapels on the upper terrace. The Central Tower is the highest at 43 meters high and where a Large Buddha is located.

    The Prasat Bayon or Bayon, sits at the Middle of the huge Angkor Thom Capital of the Angkor Empire. It was the centerpiece State Temple of the greatest Angkor King, Jayavarman VII, who was a Mahayana Buddhist, unlike his predecessors who were Shaivite Hindus. Jayavarman di not finished the temple until his death and the other Angkorian Kings after him added some features and Bas reliefs on it plus other hindu statues. The Bayon's most distinctive feature is the multitude of serene and massive stone faces on the many towers which jut out from the upper terrace and cluster around its central peak which some scholars say is the face of Jayavarman VII (since Mahayana Buddhist then believe in a God King, hence the likeness of the statues). A peculiarity of the Bayon is the absence of an enclosing wall. It is, though, protected by the wall surrounding the city of Angkor Thom. The basic plan of the Bayon is a simple one comprising three levels (1-3). The first and second levels are square galleries featuring bas-reliefs. A circular Central Sanctuary dominates the third level. Despite this seemingly simple plan, the arrangement of the Bayon is complex, with a maze of galleries, passages and steps connected in a way that make the levels practically indistinguishable and creates dim lighting, narrow walkways, and low ceilings.

    along the upper terrace pose hallways staircase to upper Terrace Pose
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    Bayon (Prasat Bayon) Inner Gallery

    by machomikemd Written Jun 28, 2012

    This will be a more pictures on the Inner gallery area of The Bayon and there are a mix of hallways like mazes and passageways and assorted bas reliefs in this part of The Bayon.

    The Prasat Bayon or Bayon, sits at the Middle of the huge Angkor Thom Capital of the Angkor Empire. It was the centerpiece State Temple of the greatest Angkor King, Jayavarman VII, who was a Mahayana Buddhist, unlike his predecessors who were Shaivite Hindus. Jayavarman di not finished the temple until his death and the other Angkorian Kings after him added some features and Bas reliefs on it plus other hindu statues. The Bayon's most distinctive feature is the multitude of serene and massive stone faces on the many towers which jut out from the upper terrace and cluster around its central peak which some scholars say is the face of Jayavarman VII (since Mahayana Buddhist then believe in a God King, hence the likeness of the statues). A peculiarity of the Bayon is the absence of an enclosing wall. It is, though, protected by the wall surrounding the city of Angkor Thom. The basic plan of the Bayon is a simple one comprising three levels (1-3). The first and second levels are square galleries featuring bas-reliefs. A circular Central Sanctuary dominates the third level. Despite this seemingly simple plan, the arrangement of the Bayon is complex, with a maze of galleries, passages and steps connected in a way that make the levels practically indistinguishable and creates dim lighting, narrow walkways, and low ceilings.

    the inner gallery hallways more hallways north side of inner gallery to the upper terrace
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    Bayon (Prasat Bayon) Outer Gallery

    by machomikemd Written Jun 28, 2012

    This will be a more pictures on the outer gallery area of The Bayon

    The Prasat Bayon or Bayon, sits at the Middle of the huge Angkor Thom Capital of the Angkor Empire. It was the centerpiece State Temple of the greatest Angkor King, Jayavarman VII, who was a Mahayana Buddhist, unlike his predecessors who were Shaivite Hindus. Jayavarman di not finished the temple until his death and the other Angkorian Kings after him added some features and Bas reliefs on it plus other hindu statues. The Bayon's most distinctive feature is the multitude of serene and massive stone faces on the many towers which jut out from the upper terrace and cluster around its central peak which some scholars say is the face of Jayavarman VII (since Mahayana Buddhist then believe in a God King, hence the likeness of the statues). A peculiarity of the Bayon is the absence of an enclosing wall. It is, though, protected by the wall surrounding the city of Angkor Thom. The basic plan of the Bayon is a simple one comprising three levels (1-3). The first and second levels are square galleries featuring bas-reliefs. A circular Central Sanctuary dominates the third level. Despite this seemingly simple plan, the arrangement of the Bayon is complex, with a maze of galleries, passages and steps connected in a way that make the levels practically indistinguishable and creates dim lighting, narrow walkways, and low ceilings.

    south side north side entrance to south side among the ruins
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    Bayon (Prasat Bayon) Bas Reliefs

    by machomikemd Written Jun 28, 2012

    This will be more pictures of the Bas reliefs surrounding the outer galleries and the inner and central galleries awnd upper terrace of The Bayon.

    The bas-reliefs at the Bayon consist of two galleries. The inner one is decorated with mythical scenes. The bas-reliefs on the outer gallery are a marked departure from anything previously seen at Angkor. They contain genre scenes of everyday life-markets, fishing, festivals with cockfights and jugglers and so on-and history scenes with battles and processions. The relief are more deeply carved than at Angkor Wat but the representation is less stylized. The scenes are presented mostly in two or three horizontal panels.

    A peculiarity of the Bayon is the absence of an enclosing wall. It is, though, protected by the wall surrounding the city of Angkor Thom. The basic plan of the Bayon is a simple one comprising three levels (1-3). The first and second levels are square galleries featuring bas-reliefs. A circular Central Sanctuary dominates the third level. Despite this seemingly simple plan, the arrangement of the Bayon is complex, with a maze of galleries, passages and steps connected in a way that make the levels practically indistinguishable and creates dim lighting, narrow walkways, and low ceilings.

    the bas reliefs more bas reliefs
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    Bayon (Prasat Bayon) 1

    by machomikemd Updated Jun 28, 2012

    This will be a multi part tip on the Center Piece of Angkor Thom, The Bayon

    The Prasat Bayon or Bayon, sits at the Middle of the huge Angkor Thom Capital of the Angkor Empire. It was the centerpiece State Temple of the greatest Angkor King, Jayavarman VII, who was a Mahayana Buddhist, unlike his predecessors who were Shaivite Hindus. Jayavarman di not finished the temple until his death and the other Angkorian Kings after him added some features and Bas reliefs on it plus other hindu statues. The Bayon's most distinctive feature is the multitude of serene and massive stone faces on the many towers which jut out from the upper terrace and cluster around its central peak which some scholars say is the face of Jayavarman VII (since Mahayana Buddhist then believe in a God King, hence the likeness of the statues). A peculiarity of the Bayon is the absence of an enclosing wall. It is, though, protected by the wall surrounding the city of Angkor Thom. The basic plan of the Bayon is a simple one comprising three levels (1-3). The first and second levels are square galleries featuring bas-reliefs. A circular Central Sanctuary dominates the third level. Despite this seemingly simple plan, the arrangement of the Bayon is complex, with a maze of galleries, passages and steps connected in a way that make the levels practically indistinguishable and creates dim lighting, narrow walkways, and low ceilings.

    front view pose welcome the central towe front
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    Ta Keo

    by machomikemd Written Jun 28, 2012

    Ta Keo Temple is presently undergoing Renovation. The Temple is located near the Eastern Victory Gate of Angkor Thom and lies between Angkor Thom and Ta Prom. Ta Keo was Built by Jayavarman V (one of the 7 great kings of Angkor) in the late 10th century as a tribute to the hindu god Shiva. It is the first Angkorian Temple to Be Built in Sandstone.

    According to Wikipedia:

    Ta Keo has five sanctuary towers arranged in a quincunx, built on the uppermost level of five-tier pyramid consisting of overlapping terraces (a step pyramid), surrounded by moat, as a symbolic depiction of Mount Meru. Its particularly massive appearance is due to the absence of external decorations, as carving had just begun when the works stopped,[1] besides an elaborate use of perspective effects. It is considered an example of the so-called Khleang style.

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    The Royal Swimming Pool

    by machomikemd Written Jun 28, 2012

    Just a stone's throw away from the Phimeanakas Temple is the Royal Swimming pool of Angkor. It has two pools, a larger pool where the Queen and the concubines are allowed to take a bath and swim by the Angkorian Kings and a smaller royal pool for the King Himself. At present, the pools are muddy and dirty but you would see local cambodians swimming at the pools and heck, there are even fish thriving at the pools. These Pools are located just north of the Phimeanakas Temple and 100 meters from the destroyed Royal palace of Angkor Thom.

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    Terrace of the Leper King

    by machomikemd Written Jun 28, 2012

    The Terrace of the Leper King depicts an Angkorian Legend about a Leper King which has his quarters built in the Terrace of the Elephants Area and also is about the modern name that was derived from a 15th century sculpture discovered at the site. The statue depicts the Hindu god Yama, the god of Death. He was called the Leper King because discoloration and moss growing on the original statue was reminiscent of a person with leprosy, and also because it fit in with a Cambodian legend of an Angkorian king who had leprosy. Terrace of the Leper King is located immediately north of the Terrace of the Elephants and it can be accessed from the main road. It was built at end of the 12th century by king Jayavarman VII.

    close up the terrace to the terrace more views bas reliefs at the terrace
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    Terrace of The Elephants

    by machomikemd Written Jun 28, 2012

    The Terrace of the Elephants inside Angkor Thom doubles as a parade ground too for victorous Angkorian Tropps have a parade after their Victories. It was Built by Jayavarman VII. The 350m-long Terrace of Elephants was used as a giant reviewing stand for public ceremonies and served as a base for the king's grand audience hall. It has five outworks extending towards the Central Square, three in the center and one at each end. The middle section of the retaining wall is decorated with life size garuda and lions; towards either end are the two parts of the famous parade of elephants complete with their Khmer mahouts. At The Backside of it are the Baphoun and Phimeanakas Temples and the Bayon is Further South of It.

    the view with the elephant towers walking pose the walk
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    Phimeanakas

    by machomikemd Written Jun 28, 2012

    Phimeanakas is a Hindu Termple which lies close to the now destroyed royal palace at Angkor Thom. It is the nearest hindu Temple where the kings of angkor (before they shifted to Theravada Buddhism) will meditate since it is just a 200 meter walk from the royal palace. The Temple is located at the Backside of the Terrace of the Elephants and is a 400 meter walk from it and lies parallel to Baphoun.

    according to wikipedia:

    built at the end of the 10th century, during the reign of Rajendravarman (from 941-968), then rebuilt by Suryavarman II in the shape of a three tier pyramid as a Hindu temple. On top of the pyramid there was a tower.

    According to legend, the king spent the first watch of every night with a woman thought to represent a Nāga in the tower, during that time, not even the queen was permitted to intrude. Only in the second watch the king returned to his palace with the queen. If the naga who was the supreme land owner of Khmer land did not show up for a night, the king's day would be numbered, if the king did not show up, calamity would strike his land.[1]

    front the south staircase at the top the view from the top the long walk down hehehe
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    Baphuon

    by machomikemd Written Jun 28, 2012

    The Baphuon is Located inside Angkor Thom just a short walk away from the Bayon and is at the Backside of the Terrace of the Elephants. There is a long concrete causeway going from the Terrace of the Elephants to Baphoun but is was closed for restoration when we were there. The Baphoun is a three-tiered temple mountain built as the state temple of Udayadityavarman II (one of the 7 great kings of Angkor) and was dedicated to the Hindu God Shiva. It is the archetype of the Baphuon style. The temple adjoins the southern enclosure of the royal palace and measures 120 metres east-west by 100 metres north-south at its base and stands 34 meters tall. It was converted into a Buddhist Temple when Theravada Buddhism Became the religion of the Empire.

    the causeway to Baphuon closed for renovation ultra zoom view center shot causeway at back of the terrace of the Elephants
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    Angkor Thom (South Gate)

    by machomikemd Written Jun 28, 2012

    the South gate entrance which is the most photographed entrance of the 5 gates going to Angkor Thom as it has been the best restored and it leads directly to Angkor Wat plus it is the grandest as it has a well designed bridge with statues demons and gods that depict the Churning of Milk and the creation of Earth. The moat is big and this is one of the scenes filmed in Tomb Raider 1 movie in 2001.

    Angkor Thom was the seat of power of the Angkorian Empire for centuries until it's eventual decline and fall. It was actually discovered later than Angkor Wat only in 1906. It was Built by the Greatest Emperor of the Empire, Jayavarman VII in the 12th Century.

    The city of Angkor Thom consists of a square, each side of which is about three kilometers (1.9 miles) long a laterite wall 8 meters (26 feet) in height around the city encloses an are of 145.8 hectares (360 acres). A moat with a width of 100meters (328 feet) surrounds the outer wall. An entry tower and along causeway bisect each side of the wall except on the east where are two entrances. The additional one, called the "Gate of Victory "is aligned with the causeway leading to the Terraces of the Elephants and the Leper King. A small temple known as "Prasat Chrung' stands at each corner of the wall around the city of Angkor Thom.

    An earth embankment 25 meters (82 feet) wide supports the inner side of the wall and serves as a road around the city.

    facing the south gate pose at the bridge at the back side of the gate the moat at the back side of the south gate
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    Angkor Thom (Victory Gate)

    by machomikemd Written Jun 28, 2012

    The Victory Gate is one of the two gates in the east side of the Angkor Thom Complex and is where the Kings live Jayavarman VII and later kings have their victory parade against their enemies (like the Champa, and the Dai Viet and rebellions by the vassal states then of Sukhotai, Champasak, etc) and it leads directly to the Terrace of the Elephants. It is less popular than the South gate entrance which is the most photographed entrance to Angkor Thom as it has been restored.

    Angkor Thom was the seat of power of the Angkorian Empire for centuries until it's eventual decline and fall. It was actually discovered later than Angkor Wat only in 1906. It was Built by the Greatest Emperor of the Empire, Jayavarman VII in the 12th Century.

    The city of Angkor Thom consists of a square, each side of which is about three kilometers (1.9 miles) long a laterite wall 8 meters (26 feet) in height around the city encloses an are of 145.8 hectares (360 acres). A moat with a width of 100meters (328 feet) surrounds the outer wall. An entry tower and along causeway bisect each side of the wall except on the east where are two entrances. The additional one, called the "Gate of Victory "is aligned with the causeway leading to the Terraces of the Elephants and the Leper King. A small temple known as "Prasat Chrung' stands at each corner of the wall around the city of Angkor Thom.

    An earth embankment 25 meters (82 feet) wide supports the inner side of the wall and serves as a road around the city.

    the unrestored Victory Gate cruising to Victory Gate th dirt road going to the terrace of the elephants Victory Gate road goes to Terrace of the elephants
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    Angkor Thom (layout)

    by machomikemd Written Jun 28, 2012

    This will be a multi part tip of the huge Angkor Thom Complex which was the Capital City of the Angkorian Empire for Centuries. Inside this Huge complex are several structures like the Bayon, Baphoun, Terrace of the Elephants, Phimeneakas, Terrace of the Leper King and More.

    Angkor Thom was the seat of power of the Angkorian Empire for centuries until it's eventual decline and fall. It was actually discovered later than Angkor Wat only in 1906. It was Built by the Greatest Emperor of the Empire, Jayavarman VII in the 12th Century.

    The city of Angkor Thom consists of a square, each side of which is about three kilometers (1.9 miles) long a laterite wall 8 meters (26 feet) in height around the city encloses an are of 145.8 hectares (360 acres). A moat with a width of 100meters (328 feet) surrounds the outer wall. An entry tower and along causeway bisect each side of the wall except on the east where are two entrances. The additional one, called the "Gate of Victory "is aligned with the causeway leading to the Terraces of the Elephants and the Leper King. A small temple known as "Prasat Chrung' stands at each corner of the wall around the city of Angkor Thom.

    An earth embankment 25 meters (82 feet) wide supports the inner side of the wall and serves as a road around the city.

    map facing the Bayon Victory Gate south gate at the terrace of the Elephants
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    Angkor Wat (The Moat at the Western Gate)

    by machomikemd Written Jun 27, 2012

    This pictures are of the Moat at the Angkor Wat.

    THIS HINDU-BUDDHIST TEMPLE IS THE REASON WHY ANGKOR ARCHEOLOGICAL PARK BECAME FAMOUS!

    Angkor Wat is the single main reason why the world became enthralled with the Cambodian Architectural Masterpiece and why it has Become a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the New 7 Wonders of the World. Althought Angkor Wat is just a small part of the Angkor Archeological Complex and Angkor Thom is the Biggest, it receives the lions share of the visitors among the acheological wonders at the Angkor Archeological Park.

    We have to thank french explorer Henri Mouhout who rediscovered this Archeological Wonder in the 1840's (and helped Cambodia to be a french protectorate instead of being swallowed by Thailand and Vietnam like what happen to Champa).

    Angkor Wat was built in the first half of the 12th century (113-5BC). Estimated construction time of the temple is 30 years by King Suryavarman II, dedicated to Vishnu (Hindu), replica of Angkor Thom style of art. In the late 13th century, Angkor Wat gradually moved from Hindu to Theravada Buddhist use, which continues to the present day.

    The complex is surrounded by a moat and has two entrances, the more popular western entrance and the less touristy east entrance. It has three levels of columns having assorted bas reliefs. The third level houses the "Bakan" pagoda and on the center is the largest Bakan pagoda having a height of 65 meter and where four buddha statues are located in various poses at the north, south, east, west directions.

    the moat at the western entrance the concrete walkway being refurbished pose at the moat moat at the eastern entrance of Angkor Wat
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