With a history of over 3,000 years, Chongqing, the birthplace of Ba and Yu culture is one of the least well known but most important historical cities in all of China. Today, little of this interesting past is visible and the city is essentially an industrial mass. Much of it is dirty and seedy but there is a lively atmosphere prevalent about the place that often goes hand in hand with the more 'hardcore' cities in China.
The area known as Chongqing became the capital of the Ba State in the 11 century BC under the mythical King of the Yu. By the 12th Century AD, this small city had grown in size and was renamed Chongqing, meaning 'Double happiness' in Chinese.Despite the name, the city in fact has a rather turbulent past, and the residents here have spent much of their history keeping invaders out. In 1242 Chongqing put up a defence against the Mongols and in 1937, the Kuomingtang fled here from the Japanese. The city withstood attack and was one of the last Kuomingtang bastions. In 1997, Chongqing separated from Sichuan to become an independent prefecture in its own right. Today, this vast southwestern dynamo is known as Chongqing Municipality.
During the Kuomintang-Communist alliance against the Japanese during WWII, the Red Crag Village outside Chongqing was used as the offices and living quarters of the Communist representatives to the Kuomintang. Many famous leaders, such as Zhou Enlai, Ye Jianying, Deng Yingchao once stayed here. On August 28th, 1945, Mao Zedong had stayed in this place when he came to Chongqing to negotiate with Ching Kai-shek.
There are many historical relics here: the Guiyuan, the right place where Mao Zedong put down his signature on the agreement of negotiation and where he met the personages of various circles; No.50, one of Zhou Enlai’s important offices during that period; the former residence of Sun Yat-sen; the living quarters for General Stilwell and General Marshall; the official mansion of Chiang Kai-shek, and so on.
Admission fee: 6 yuan/person
Fondest memory: Luohan' is the Chinese rendering of the Sanskit’arhat? which is a Buddhist term referring to people who have released themselves from the psychological bond-age of greed, hate and delusion. This Luohan Temple was built in Song Dynasty, destroyed twice and rebuilt, once in 1752 and again in 1945. Some 70 monks were once housed here, though today less than 20 are in residence. Luohan's chief attraction is the collection of 500 painted clay arhats. And there is a good temple restaurant serves excellent vegetarian food.
Admission fee: 2 yuan/person
Enjoy night scene (More pics are in Travelogue ^^)
Fondest memory: Chongqing is also famous for her night scene.
It may not be like you have seen in Hongkong, Tokyo, New York or such cities. However, it's very attractive to me, especially when you stand on the top of hill in Pi-ba Park or E-ling Park, watching colorful lights spreading out here and there, reflecting in the river, shining on line along the bridge...
It's a very famous mountain city.
If you approach this city by ship, you are absolutely caught by many local houses standing right on both riversides, following the form of land. Usually they are less than four stories and in traditional form.
Though they look quite old, even shabby, you may still feel the unique beauty in them.
The main districts of Chongqing locate along Changjiang(Yangzi) River. One branch of it-Jialing River also flows across Chongqing. Countless hills and low mountains can be seen everywhere, which characterize this city with unique beauty.
Population: 30.40 million
Urban Population: 5.771 million
Area: 82,400 sq km
Nationalities: Han, Yi, Tibetan, Miao, Qiang, and Tujia