The Palace of Goddess enshrines Matsu Goddess of the Sea. It was built during Emperor Jieqing a reign in the Qing Dynasty over 200 years ago. In the past, many villagers went out to sell tobacco cutters and shredded tobaccos or went abroad to make a living. They prayed for the blessing of Matsu and regarded Lin Mo, Matsu with the same surname as their grandaunt, thus they built the palace and named it the Temple of Grandaunt.
In Chinese: 天后宫， tian hou gong.
Yu Cheng Lou, Lin's residence, was constructed in the year 1875. First year under the reign of Emperor Guangxu in the Qing Dynasty. The square Tulou faces the east, and covers an area of about 1,500 square meters. The front part of the building is 3 stories in height while the rear part is 4 stories. The building is 9 bays in width in the front, and 7 bays in the adjoining depth. It is designed to have one main entrance, two side gates and two stairways, with the center as its patio and the first and second floor left no windows. The ancestral hall is situated in the back hall on the first floor. The interior corridor is designed to be through. The overall structural frame of Yu Cheng Lou is a combination of post-lintel and column-tie construction with gable and hip roof.
This is the place where you can enjoy the Hakka wine. It is the Hakka brewery.
In Chinese: 玉成楼， yu cheng lou
Almost all the Tulou villages have a river or stream including Hongkeng Tulou Village. The local use the water in the river to water their agricultural and to do laundry. Tourists enjoy the beauty of the stream and take the opportunities to take photo scenery.
The Hongkeng Village does not have a beautiful stream like Yun Shui Yao or Ta Xia Village, but it is big enough to supply water to the local residents.
Zheng Cheng Lou, is also well known as Bagua Lou, is a circular Tulou built in the year 1912, the first year of the Republic of China. The building, consisting of 2 concentric circles of buildings, faces the south and covers an area of 5000 square meters. The outer circle, 4 stories in height with 2 halls and 44 rooms on each floor, is made of rammed raw earth and divided into 8 units by brick partition walls. However, as an inner-through-corridor layout, all neighboring units are connected via archway doors on the partition walls.
On the ground floor of each unit, a yard is formed. Each unit has its own stairway. The floors are paved with blue bricks, while on the 3rd and 4th floors exquisite wooded handrails, attached with bench, are set along the corridors. The inner circle is made of brick and 2 stories in height. It links with high ancestral hall to form the central courtyard. There are 2 halls and 8 rooms on the ground floor. The corridor on the second floor, with the center part a little higher than those on both sides, is decorated with cast-iron railing of delicate patterns. The spacious ancestral hall may serve as a performance stage. There are 4 lofty weatern-style stone columns standing in the front of the hall. On both sides out of the building, there is a 2-storied lune-shaped side building respectively serving as tobacco cutter workshop and private school, each has 12 rooms. There are all together 222 rooms (including halls) in the whole building. The inner spaces are well designed with changes and magnificence, presenting an excellent practice of earthen civilian residence combining the Chinese style with the westen style. In May 2001, Zheng Cheng Lou was listed among the key cultural relics protected under national level.
In Chinese: 振成楼， zhen cheng lou
Xi Cheng Lou, Lin's residence, was constructed at the end of the eighteenth century. This rectangular building faces the east and covers an area of 2,100 square meters. The outer building is three stories in height, 13 bays wide in the front, and 8 bays in the adjoining depth. The interior corridor is designed to be through, with the patio in the middle of the interior courtyard. The whole building is designed is designed to have one main entrance, one well, and four stairways, with the first and second floor left no windows. The ancestral hall is situated in the middle of the interior courtyard. The overall structural frame of the building is a combination of post lintel and column-tie construction with overhanging gable roof.
In Chinese: 西成楼，xi cheng lou
It's a five-phoenix (mansion-style) Tulou that was built in year of 1880, the 6th year under the reign Emperor Guangxu in the Qing Dynasty. With three halls and four annexes, the building faces the east and covers an area of 7000 square meters. It's in the lower front and higher in the rear. From east to west along its central axis line are respectively the gateway, inner gate, entrance hall, front patio, central hall, rear patio and back hall (the main hall). On both sides of the building are two 3-storey podium building with brick and wood structure. The front building is 2 stories in height, while the rear (main) building is 5 stories. The building is full of painting and carvings. The central gate is decorated with carved characters, flowers, and birds. The courtyard is paved with pebbles and enclosed by lower stone wall. The outer gate is located on the north-east corner. On southern side of the courtyard, a private school is placed. In May 2001, Fu Yu Lou was listed among the key cultural relics protected under national levels.
In Chinese: 福裕楼， fu yu lou
Guangyu Lou, Lin's residence, was constructed in the year of 1775, the 40th year under the reign of Emperor Qianlong in the Qing Dynasty. This rectangular building faces the east and covers an area of 2,500square meters. The outer building is four stories in height, 41.8 meters wide with 11 bays in the front, and 33.6 meters deep with 9 bays. The interior corridor is designed ti be through. The building consists of three compounds, separated by patios. The main building is designed to have one main entrance and four stairways, with the first and second floor left no windows. The ancestral hall is situated in the middle of the interior courtyard. Outside the building, an enclosure wall and the external gate surround to form a large courtyard. The overall structure frame of the building is a combination of post-lintel and column-tie construction with overhanging gable roof.
In Chinese: 光裕楼， guang yu lou
Qing Fu Lou, Lins' residence, was constructed in the year of 1780, the 45th year under the reign of Emperor Qianlong in the Qing Dynasty. This square building faces the southeast and covers an area of 2,300 square meters. The outer building is three stories in height, 9 bays wide in the front, and 9 bays in the adjoining depth. The interior corridor is designed to be through, with a patio in the middle of the interior courtyard. The main building is designed to have one main entrance and four stairways. The ancestral hall is situated in the middle of the interior courtyard. The overall structural frame of the building is a combination of post-lintel and column-tie construction with overhanging gable roof.
In Chinese: 庆福楼，qing fu lou
Qing Yun Lou, Lin's residence, was constructed by Lin's 14th ancestor during the reign of Emperor Qianlong in the Qing Dynasty (1736-1795). The rectangle Tulou faces the east, and covers an area of 4,500 square meters. It's 4-storeys in height, 13 bays wide in the front and 13 bays in the adjoining depth. The inner corridor is a through one. There is one entrance and one stairway for the building, and one water-well aside the building. The ancestral hall is situated in the back hall on the ground floor. The overall structure of the building is a combination of post-lintel and column-tie constructions with an overhanging gable roof.
During my visit, the building is under massive renovation. This might be another tulou guesthouse in the future.
In Chinese: 庆云楼， qing yun lou.
Hongkeng Tulou Village is the largest and most established Tulou Village Theme Park or a village that managed by a private company to establish the village as an important tourist park.
I paid RMB90 at the main entrance of the Tourist Center. It has a huge tourist center that provides tourist services, displays of history and cultural articles and maps, gift shop, a small cinema, cafeteria, and etc.
It was a distant walk (500 m) to see the real town with local communities, the old tulou houses of different shapes. The stream in this village is not as beautiful as Yun Shui Yeo or Ta Xia Village, but it is a huge village that consists of many tulou buildings of different shapes, among the most popular one is Zheng Cheng Lou (振成楼）. I walked further east to visit the tulou houses and the communities first, among my favorites are Kui Ju Lou (奎聚楼)， Qing Fu Loun (庆福楼)， Guang Yu Lou (光裕楼)，and Fu Yu Lou (福裕楼)。 The reason being my favorite is because these tulou houses are facing a beautiful hill and the locals are remaining active doing their own agriculture at the field. It was a complicated route within the village as it is huge. Due to short of time and could not locate my way to Zheng Cheng Lou, I ended up paying RMB5 to have a motobike driver driving me to Zheng Cheng Lou, worth it! Zheng Cheng Lou is the only site that required to show your ticket for admission. Before leaving the village, I passed by the beautiful scene of the Qing Cheng Lou （庆成楼) with a small lake along the path. Then, visiting the Palace of Goddess (天后宫）before exited the village to the bus station across the street of the exit door.
Visit the Hongkeng Tulou Village's map
In Chinese: 洪坑土楼群， hong keng tu lou qun
Qiao Fu Lou is rather small compared to the neighboring tall buildings like Ken Qi Lou and Shi Ze Lou. It is located west side of Cheng Qi Lou. It was built in 1962, round shape, facing south. This building was funded and built by oversea Chinese. This is a 3-storey building with 30 rooms in total. This building took 3 years to complete as they built each floor each year.
In Chinese: 桥福楼， qiao fu lou
She Ze Lou is one of the two buildings in Gobei Tulou Village. It is located on the left side of Cheng Qi Lou. It was built in 1565 and has rectangle shape with the width of 40.8 meters and a length of 41.2 meters.
This is one of the largest rectangle shape tulou I have seen during the trip. I paid a local resident RMB5 to go higher levels to take photos of the tulou. From a higher level, I could see the roofs of the small rooms, most rooms converted to shops, and restaurants.
In Chinese: 世泽楼， shi ze lou
Cheng Qi Lou was built in 1709, In 1981, this building was recognized as "the King of Tulou" because it has massive round size with traditional tulou structure. In 2008, it has already listed in the UNESCO Heritage List.
When I entered the building, I did not know where to start as it was huge and crowded with domestic tourists from all over China. The building has four concentric rings surrounding with an ancestral hall at the center and the outer ring is 62.6 metres in diameter. When I looked up the building, I counted 4 storeys tall of the building . It has 288 rooms and 72 rooms on each level. There are 4 sets of staircase at cardinal points.
On the ground floor, I saw the kictchen and family branches. I was not allowed to enter to a higher floor which was prohiblited to the public admission unless with a local guide. Basically, the second floor is used as storage room, and the third and fourth floor are living quarters and bedrooms.
In Chinese: 承启楼， cheng qi lou
The Gobei Tulou Village is the village that I passed by along the route to Hongkeng Tulou Village. First, Mr. Xu drove me to the Gobei Tulou Village Tourist Building to buy the admission ticket (RMB50), then drove me to see the main tulou buildings in the village;
1) Cheng Qi Lou, 承启楼
2) Shi Ze Lou，世泽楼
3) Qiao Fu Lou， 桥福楼
The Cheng Qi Lou is the main building of the village, huge round building that worth spending more time exploring the interior like the kitchen, family branches, and the ancestral hall. I also enjoyed checking out the alley between these buildings, seeing the locals making their own cigarettes from their own farmed tobacco. Next I walked on the right to Shi Ze Lou, a square tulou building that are not so popular as Ching Qi Lou, and then walked left to Qiao Fu Lou, a smaller round building.
It has a walking trail that led you up a hill to see the overall views of the the Gobei Tulou Village. I did not walk up the hill to see the overall view as I ran out of time.
In Chinese: 高北土楼群， gao bei tu lou qun
Little mountain village, Tianluokeng is probably the most beautiful of the region. There is a group of 5 large Tu Lou, 4 are round ones and 1 is square. All are inhabited by families working as cultivators. The Tu Lou are in good state and you can visit them freely. The atmosphere is peacefull, you feel like living 100 years ago. Chinese are very happy to telle you that US military experts thought theses buildings were rockets launching bases.