The Qingming Festival
The Qingming Festival is an important sacrifice festival in China. People sweep the tomb of their ancestors and sacrifice them on this day. According to the custom, people usually take some food and “paper money” to the tomb. First of all they sweep the tomb and then offer the food “paper money” for their ancestors. Every one in Chaozhou attaches very importance to this day. It delivers people’s infinite missing to their ancestors.
Walk Out Of The Garden
“Walk Out Of The Garden” is a kind of adult rituals in Chaozhou area. When kids reach 15 years old of nominal age, their parents hold adult rituals for them.
The local people usually choose a good day of the year when kids reach the age of holding adult rituals. On the day of “Walk Out Of The Garden”, the kid takes a bath with 12 kinds of flower. It’s believed the fragrance of the flowers can clean the childishness. And then the kid wears new clothes with a bellyband in it. There are 12 longans and two pieces of copper cash in the bellyband. The kid also needs to put on a pair of red clogs. And he/she is not allowed to go out of his house on that day as it means the kid will no longer play all the time in the garden and will to be a sensible adult. Some internal organs of pigs are cooked into soup for the kid. Its hidden meaning is that after drinking the soup, kid will change the new internal organs to be an adult. The kid should worship on bended knees towards the stove of some deity. At noon, the family of the kid invites their relatives and friends to have banquet. The kid of “Walk Out Of The Garden” should be treated as an adult and let him/her sit on the main position.
From then on, the kid has already walked out of the “Garden”. It’s a symbol of being an adult.
The Chaozhou dialect
Chaozhou dialect is the inferior dialect of the Southern Min dialect which is one of the eight language systems in Chinese dialects. It’s also the most ancient and the most special dialect in China. Its words and phrases are abundant, humorous, vivid and full of very strong expressive force and keep a lot of components of ancient Chinese.
Chaozhou dialect initiated in Qing Dynasty, formed in Tang Dynasty and came into its independent language system. Its main body is the ancient Chinese of the central plains of China. It has special grammar, abundant words and phrases, unique sound and many ancient semantemes and so on. For example, there are four tones in Chinese Mandarin but eight tones in Chaozhou dialect. As it’s simple, unsophisticated and elegant and has the characteristics mentioned above, Chaozhou dialect has been paid close attention by the Chinese and foreign linguists.