Ming Tomb, Nanjing

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  • Civil & Military Gate, Ming Xiaoling Tomb
    Civil & Military Gate, Ming Xiaoling...
    by cal6060
  • Civil & Military Gate, Ming Xiaoling Tomb
    Civil & Military Gate, Ming Xiaoling...
    by cal6060
  • Plum Blossom Hill, Ming Xiaoling Tomb
    Plum Blossom Hill, Ming Xiaoling Tomb
    by cal6060
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    Ming Xiaoling Tomb: Stone Elephant Road Sacred Way

    by cal6060 Updated Sep 4, 2012

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    Stone Elephant Road Sacred, Ming Xiaoling Tomb
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    Stone Elephant Road is the first section of the sacred way, 615 meters long . This road comes along with six kinds of stone animals including horses, unicorns, elephants, camels, bear-eyed unicorns, and lions. They are carved out of whole pieces of stone in full relief with smooth lines, these animals are imposing in look and bold in style. They don't only indicate the loftiness, sanctity, and glamour of the imperial tomb, but also achieve a symbolic effect of guarding the tomb against evil spirits and showing ritual customs.

    Please refer to my custom tips to learn more about stone animals.
    @Horse & Elephant
    @Camel & Lion
    @Unicorn & Ziezhi

    In Chinese:石像路神道, shi xiang lu shen dao

    Next: Tablet Tower Of Great Merits

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    Ming Xiaoling Tomb: Wengzhong Path

    by cal6060 Updated Sep 3, 2012

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    Wengzhong Path, Ming Xiaoling Tomb
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    " Wengzhong Path, 250 meters long, constitutes the second section of the Sacred Way. This section is flanked by a pair of balusters, two pairs of generals and two pairs of civil officials. The balusters, with a cylinder crown at the top as well as cloud and dragon over the column, have changed the convention of topping the balusters along the sacred way with lotus-flower design since the Tang and Song Dynasties. It is of innovative significance in art. The statues of the generals and officials stand there with great dignity, guarding the tomb with their loyalty. "

    Note from Signboard.

    In Chinese: 翁仲路神道, weng zhong lu shen dao

    It continues with Stone Elephant Road Sacred Way.

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    Ming Xiaoling Tomb: Lingxing Gate

    by cal6060 Updated Sep 3, 2012

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    Lingxing Gate, Ming Xiaoling Tomb
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    " Also known as Dragon and Phoenix Gate, Lingxing Gate is an important ceremonial building on the Sacred Way of the Ming Tomb. It was originally built into a towering pailou (a decorated gateway) with six pillars and three entrances. Its column base and drum-shaped bearing stone date back to the Ming Dynasty. In 2006, the Administration of Dr. Sun Yat-Sen's Mausoleum carried out a series of archaeological activities to renovate this building, bring its original appearance back to its life. "

    Note from Signboard.

    After this gate, you will continue to walk through a path road passing by Wengzhong Path, stone elephant road, and other stone animals as a custom to the tomb ceremony during Ming Dynasty.


    In Chinese: 棂星门, ling xing men

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    Ming Xiaoling Tomb: 14) Treasure Mound

    by cal6060 Updated Sep 3, 2012
    Treasure Mound, Ming Xiaoling Tomb

    Basically, Treasure Mound is behind the Citadel. You can't see the Treasure Mound because it is buried under the hill behind Citadel.

    " Treasure Mound, 325m to 400m in diameter at the bottom, is a large circular mound behid the Rectangular Citadel. It was originally a small hill called Dulongfu (Single-dragon Mound) at the southern foot of Zhongshan Mountain. Around the Treasure Mound, a 1000-meter-long brick wall based on stone slabs forms the Treasure City. Under the Treasure Mound is the tomb palace of Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang and his wife Empress Ma. "

    Note From Signboard.

    In Chinese: 宝顶, bao ding

    Go back to the front and don't miss Lingxing Gate!

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    Ming Xiaoling Tomb: 13) Ming Tower & Citadel

    by cal6060 Updated Sep 3, 2012

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    Ming Tower & Citadel, Ming Xiaoling Tomb
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    "The Rectangular Citadel is flanked by splay screen walls at the eastern and the western sides. They were laid with bricks and seated on stone Xumizuo. The waist of Xumizuo and the four corners of the walls are decorated with brick-carved patterns of flowers including pomegranates, evergreens, and peonies. With their standard style and meticulousness and vividness, they are regarded as representatives of the brick carvings produced in the early Ming Dynasty. "

    "Ming Tower displays the architectural system initiated at the Ming Tomb. Built atop the Rectangular Citadel, it is the commanding point among all buildings of the Ming Tomb. There are three arched doors in its southern wall, and one in each of other three walls. The inside floor is paved with square bricks. its yellow glazed double-eave rood was destroyed during the reign of Qing Emperor Xianfeng. The top reconstruction started in Jun 2008. The construction lasted one year. "

    Note from Signboard:

    In Chinese: 明楼, ming lou

    Next: Treasure Mound

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    Ming Xiaoling Tomb: 12) Ascension Bridge

    by cal6060 Updated Sep 3, 2012

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    Ascension Bridge, Ming Xiaoling Tomb
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    " Ascension Bridge, 57.5 meters long and 26.6 meters wide, was a single-arch stone bridge with carved stone railings. After Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang died, his coffin was carried across the bridge to be buried, hence resulting in this name. 7.8 meters away behind it stands the Rectangular Citadel. "

    Note from Signboard.

    In Chinese: 升仙桥, sheng xian qiao

    Next: Ming Tower & Citade

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    Ming Xiaoling Tomb: 11) Inner Red Gate

    by cal6060 Updated Sep 3, 2012

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    Inner Red Gate, Ming Xiaoling Tomb
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    " In the north of the Sacrificial Hall, there is a gate, commonly called Yinyang Gate and also termed as Inner Red Gate, as it leads to the residence of the soul of the deceased. The gate divides the tomb palace building into the front area and the rear area, i.e. a layout of the tomb palace marked by " the court in the front and the residing place in the rear" first established in the Ming Tomb. Originally, Inner Red Gate was a red gate with three passages going through and its top was covered with yellow glazed tiles. In 2006, the Administration of Dr. Sun Yat-Sen Mausoleum renovated the gate according to its original form as a rescue, thus restored its historical appearance. "

    Note From the Signboard.

    In Chinese: 内红门, nei hong men.

    Next: Ascension Bridge

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    Ming Xiaoling Tomb: 10) Sacrificial Hall (ruined)

    by cal6060 Updated Sep 3, 2012

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    Sacrificial Hall (ruined), Ming Xiaoling Tomb
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    The Sacrificial Hall was the most prominent building in Ming Xiaoling Tomb. It is the center hall of the mausoleum. The original building was constructed in 1383 as a leading room to the memorial ceremonies. It was the size of Tian'anmen in Beijing, 9-bays wide and 5-bays deep. During civil war under Qing emperor Xian Feng (1851-1861), the building was destroyed. The current building was built by Qing emperor Tongzhi (1862-1872), which is much smaller then the original building. Now, the building is the permanent exhibition of Xiaoling and Zhu Yuanzhang's life story.

    In Chinese: 享殿, xiang dian

    Next: Inner Red Gate

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    Ming Xiaoling Tomb: 9) The Western Hall (ruined)

    by cal6060 Updated Sep 3, 2012

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    The Western Hall (ruined), Ming Xiaoling Tomb
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    " Facing east, the site of Western Hall is 15 bays in width and 3 bays in depth, or 70 meters long and 10 meters wide. It was built on a 2-meter-high platform made of multi-layers of pure loess and pebbles, on which there remain 64 holes for columns and gigantic plinth stone weighting over 500 kilograms. "

    Note from Signboard

    In Chinese: 西配殿基址, xi pei dian ji zhi

    Next: Sacrificial Hall

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    Ming Xiaoling Tomb: 8) The Eastern Hall (ruined)

    by cal6060 Updated Sep 3, 2012

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    The Eastern Hall (ruined), Ming Xiaoling Tomb
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    " Eastern Hall is an important auxiliary sacrificial building to the east of the Sacrificial Hall. Excavated in March 1999, it was built on a lofty platform made of multi-layers of pure loess and pebbles. The platform is 70 meters long and 10 meters wide, or 15 bays in width and 3 bays in depth, on which the complete column plinths are still preserved. "

    Note from Signboard.

    In Chinese: 东配殿基址, dong pei dian ji zhi

    Next: The Western Hall

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    Ming Xiaoling Tomb: 7) Imperial Tablet Hall

    by cal6060 Updated Sep 3, 2012

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    Imperial Tablet Hall, Ming Xiaoling Tomb
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    " Imperial Tablet Hall was built under the order of Qing Emperor Kangxi. During his third inspection tour to southern China in 1699. Kangxi came here to pay homage to the Ming emperor. Seeing the building mostly ruins, he ordered local officials to renovate them and wrote four characters " zhi long tang song" (literally meaning " Running the state even better than Tang Emperor Taizong and Song Emperor Taizu, two successful emperors in Chinese history" ) to be inscribed on a tablet by Cao Yin (grandfather of Cao Xueqin, one of the greatest men of letters in Chinese history. Another two tablets inscribed with handwriting by Qing Emperor Qianlong (grandson of Emperor Kangxi) were juxtaposed on both sides. "

    Note from Signboard.

    Next: The Eastern Hall

    In Chinese: 碑殿, bei dian

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    Ming Xiaoling Tomb: 5) Imperial Kitchen (ruined)

    by cal6060 Updated Sep 3, 2012

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    Imperial Kitchen (ruined), Ming Xiaoling Tomb

    " Facing the west, the Imperial Kitchen was built on a high platform. It was 27.5 meters long, and 11.3 meters wide, or 5 bays in width. Two big square bricks with burnt marks have been unearthed from the site. Therefore, it is supposed to be remains having something to do with imperial kitchen. "

    Note from Signboard.

    Next: Imperial Tablet Hall

    In Chinese: 御厨基址, yu chu ji zhi

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    Ming Xiaoling Tomb: 2) Civil and Military Gate

    by cal6060 Updated Sep 3, 2012

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    Civil & Military Gate, Ming Xiaoling Tomb
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    The first gate you will see when you enter graveyard of MingTomb is the Civil and Military Gate, and followed by two well pavilions on each side of the wall, 3) Eastern Well Pavilion and 4) Western Well Pavilion.

    Civil and Military Gate: In 1998, the Administration of Dr. Sun Yat-Sen's Mausoleum had its original appearance restored according to the burial system of the Ming Tomb of the Ming Dynasty. At the foot of the gate there is a "Special Notice" tablet inscribed in Japanese, German, Italian, English, French and Russian. It was jointly erected for the preservation of the Ming Tomb in the first year under Xuantong Reign of the Qing Dynasty (AD 1909) by the taotai (head) of Liangjiang Westernization Bureau and the magistrate of Jiangning Prefecture.

    In the yard formed by Civil and Military Gate and the front gate of the Sacrificial Hall, there were two wells sheltered under pavilions in Ming Dynasty. In the Ming dynasty, water drawn from these two wells for the use of cleaning sacrificial animals and cooking meals for the imperial court.

    In Chinese: 文武方门, wen wu fang men

    Next: The Imperial Kitchen

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    Ming Xiaoling Tomb: Plum Blossom Hill

    by cal6060 Updated Jun 9, 2012

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    Plum Blossom Hill, Ming Xiaoling Tomb
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    Plum Blossom Hill is located southwest of the Ming Xiaoling Tomb, a hill that has ten thousand plum gardens, 400 acres of land with 230 varieties of species. This hill is famous as the tomb of Sun Quan, an emperor of the three kingdoms. During my visit in Oct, there were nothing much to see here because there were no plum blossom during October. Based on some blog, best time to visit is around end of February and beginning of Mach. You will see plenty of plum blossom here.

    A tradition Chinese Pavilion is built on the hill, and you can have a city view from the pavilion.

    In Chinese: 梅花山, mei hua shan

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    Ming Xiaoling Tomb: Tablet Tower Of Great Merits

    by cal6060 Updated Jun 8, 2012

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    Tablet Tower Of Great Merits, Ming Xiaoling Tomb
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    " The Tablet Tower of Great Merits was built on a square base in the 11th year under the Yongle Reign (AD 1413), which contributes to its general name Square City. Its roof has been destroyed. It houses "The Tablet of Great Merits of the Ming Tomb of the Great Ming Dynasty", which was erected for Zhu Yuanzhang by his forth son Zhu Di, the third Ming emperor. The inscription has altogether 2746 characters written by Zhu Di in praise of the merits and achievements of his father. This is the largest tablet in Nanjing. "

    Note From the Signboard.

    In Chinese: 神功圣德碑楼, shen gong sheng de bei lou

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