Ming Tomb, Nanjing

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  • Civil & Military Gate, Ming Xiaoling Tomb
    Civil & Military Gate, Ming Xiaoling...
    by cal6060
  • Civil & Military Gate, Ming Xiaoling Tomb
    Civil & Military Gate, Ming Xiaoling...
    by cal6060
  • Plum Blossom Hill, Ming Xiaoling Tomb
    Plum Blossom Hill, Ming Xiaoling Tomb
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    Ming Xiaoling Tomb: 13) Ming Tower & Citadel

    by cal6060 Updated Sep 3, 2012

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    Ming Tower & Citadel, Ming Xiaoling Tomb
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    "The Rectangular Citadel is flanked by splay screen walls at the eastern and the western sides. They were laid with bricks and seated on stone Xumizuo. The waist of Xumizuo and the four corners of the walls are decorated with brick-carved patterns of flowers including pomegranates, evergreens, and peonies. With their standard style and meticulousness and vividness, they are regarded as representatives of the brick carvings produced in the early Ming Dynasty. "

    "Ming Tower displays the architectural system initiated at the Ming Tomb. Built atop the Rectangular Citadel, it is the commanding point among all buildings of the Ming Tomb. There are three arched doors in its southern wall, and one in each of other three walls. The inside floor is paved with square bricks. its yellow glazed double-eave rood was destroyed during the reign of Qing Emperor Xianfeng. The top reconstruction started in Jun 2008. The construction lasted one year. "

    Note from Signboard:

    In Chinese: 明楼, ming lou

    Next: Treasure Mound

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    Ming Xiaoling Tomb: Lingxing Gate

    by cal6060 Updated Sep 3, 2012

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    Lingxing Gate, Ming Xiaoling Tomb
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    " Also known as Dragon and Phoenix Gate, Lingxing Gate is an important ceremonial building on the Sacred Way of the Ming Tomb. It was originally built into a towering pailou (a decorated gateway) with six pillars and three entrances. Its column base and drum-shaped bearing stone date back to the Ming Dynasty. In 2006, the Administration of Dr. Sun Yat-Sen's Mausoleum carried out a series of archaeological activities to renovate this building, bring its original appearance back to its life. "

    Note from Signboard.

    After this gate, you will continue to walk through a path road passing by Wengzhong Path, stone elephant road, and other stone animals as a custom to the tomb ceremony during Ming Dynasty.


    In Chinese: 棂星门, ling xing men

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    Ming Xiaoling Tomb: Tablet Tower Of Great Merits

    by cal6060 Updated Jun 8, 2012

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    Tablet Tower Of Great Merits, Ming Xiaoling Tomb
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    " The Tablet Tower of Great Merits was built on a square base in the 11th year under the Yongle Reign (AD 1413), which contributes to its general name Square City. Its roof has been destroyed. It houses "The Tablet of Great Merits of the Ming Tomb of the Great Ming Dynasty", which was erected for Zhu Yuanzhang by his forth son Zhu Di, the third Ming emperor. The inscription has altogether 2746 characters written by Zhu Di in praise of the merits and achievements of his father. This is the largest tablet in Nanjing. "

    Note From the Signboard.

    In Chinese: 神功圣德碑楼, shen gong sheng de bei lou

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    Ming Xiaoling Tomb: 9) The Western Hall (ruined)

    by cal6060 Updated Sep 3, 2012

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    The Western Hall (ruined), Ming Xiaoling Tomb
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    " Facing east, the site of Western Hall is 15 bays in width and 3 bays in depth, or 70 meters long and 10 meters wide. It was built on a 2-meter-high platform made of multi-layers of pure loess and pebbles, on which there remain 64 holes for columns and gigantic plinth stone weighting over 500 kilograms. "

    Note from Signboard

    In Chinese: 西配殿基址, xi pei dian ji zhi

    Next: Sacrificial Hall

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    Ming Xiaoling Tomb: Wengzhong Path

    by cal6060 Updated Sep 3, 2012

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    Wengzhong Path, Ming Xiaoling Tomb
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    " Wengzhong Path, 250 meters long, constitutes the second section of the Sacred Way. This section is flanked by a pair of balusters, two pairs of generals and two pairs of civil officials. The balusters, with a cylinder crown at the top as well as cloud and dragon over the column, have changed the convention of topping the balusters along the sacred way with lotus-flower design since the Tang and Song Dynasties. It is of innovative significance in art. The statues of the generals and officials stand there with great dignity, guarding the tomb with their loyalty. "

    Note from Signboard.

    In Chinese: 翁仲路神道, weng zhong lu shen dao

    It continues with Stone Elephant Road Sacred Way.

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    Ming Xiaoling Tomb: 14) Treasure Mound

    by cal6060 Updated Sep 3, 2012
    Treasure Mound, Ming Xiaoling Tomb

    Basically, Treasure Mound is behind the Citadel. You can't see the Treasure Mound because it is buried under the hill behind Citadel.

    " Treasure Mound, 325m to 400m in diameter at the bottom, is a large circular mound behid the Rectangular Citadel. It was originally a small hill called Dulongfu (Single-dragon Mound) at the southern foot of Zhongshan Mountain. Around the Treasure Mound, a 1000-meter-long brick wall based on stone slabs forms the Treasure City. Under the Treasure Mound is the tomb palace of Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang and his wife Empress Ma. "

    Note From Signboard.

    In Chinese: 宝顶, bao ding

    Go back to the front and don't miss Lingxing Gate!

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    Ming Tomb Scenic Area

    by Willettsworld Written Jul 15, 2009
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    This tomb is that of the Hongwu Emperor, Zhu Yuanzhang, the first emperor of the Ming dynasty, and his wife Ma Liangliang. Legend says that in order to prevent robbery of the tomb, 13 identical processions of funeral troops started from 13 city gates to obscure the real burying site. The construction of the mausoleum began during the Ming Dynasty in 1381 and ended in 1405, with a huge expenditure of resources involving 100,000 labourers. The original wall of the mausoleum was more than 22.5 kilometres long. The mausoleum was built under heavy guard of 5,000 military troops.

    The tomb site today consists of the Civil and Military Gate, the Imperial Tablet Hall, the Sacrificial Hall and the Rectangular Citadel & Ming Tower. Behind the latter is a large mound where the emperor and his queen were buried in a clay vault, 400 meters in diameter. On a stone wall surrounding the vault, 7 Chinese characters were inscribed, identifying the mausoleum of Emperor Ming Taizu (respected title of Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang).

    Admission: Y70 for Ming Tomb, Y140 for combo ticket.

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    Ming Tomb Scenic Area - Golden Water Bridge

    by Willettsworld Written Jul 15, 2009

    The Golden Water Bridge, also called Five-Dragon Bridge, is located on the same north-south axis as the tomb palace. There used to be five paralleled single-arch bridges, corresponding to the five-arch palace gate situated 200 metres to the north. The remaining three bridges were renovated based on the original abutment and stone banks.

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    Ming Tomb Scenic Area - Civil & Military Gate

    by Willettsworld Written Jul 15, 2009
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    This gate is the first gate to the graveyard of the Ming Tomb of Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang. At the foot of the gate is a "Special Notice" tablet inscribed in Japanese, German, Italian, English, French and Russian. It was jointly erected for the preservation of the Ming Tomb in 1909.

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    Ming Tomb Scenic Area - Imperial Tablet Hall

    by Willettsworld Written Jul 15, 2009
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    Originally the middle gate in front of the sacrificial hall, the original tablet hall was destroyed, with only the Sumeru steps left behind. The existing tablet hall was built in the late Qing dynasty. The tablet inscribed with “Governance modelled after prosperous Tang and Song Dynasties” erected in 1699 was personally written by emperor Kangxi during his inspection tour in southern China.

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    Ming Tomb Scenic Area - The Sacrificial Censers

    by Willettsworld Written Jul 15, 2009

    Placed before the Sacrificial Hall on each side of its gate, the pair of Sacrificial Censers are actually two small temple-shaped buildings made of yellow and green glazed materials. Pieces of paper on which characters were inscribed to call back the spirit of the dead) were burnt for sacrificial ceremonies.

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    Ming Tomb Scenic Area - Rectangular Citadel

    by Willettsworld Written Jul 15, 2009
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    The Ming Tower is built on top of the Rectangular Citadel and is the commanding building of the Ming Tomb. There are three arched doors in its southern wall and one in each of the other three walls. The inside floor is paved with square bricks. It originally had a yellow glazed double-eaved roof which was destroyed during the reign of Qing Emperor Xianfeng.

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    Ming Tomb Scenic Area - Treasure Mound

    by Willettsworld Written Jul 15, 2009

    The so-called Treasure Mound is 325m to 400m in diameter at the bottom and lies behind the imposing Rectangular Citadel & Ming Tower. It was originally a small hill called Dulongfu (single dragon mound) and is where the tomb of Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang and his wide Empress Ma are buried.

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    Ming Tomb Scenic Area - Ascension Bridge

    by Willettsworld Written Jul 15, 2009

    This 57.5 metre long, 26 metre, single-arch bridge lies in front of the Rectangular Citadel & Ming Tower. After Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang died, his coffin was carried across the bridge to be buried in the small hill behind the tower.

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    Museum near Ming Tomb

    by Willettsworld Updated Jul 15, 2009
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    This small museum is located near the Ming Tomb in the Purple Mountains. It exhibits many pottery and porcelain pieces.

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