The Qingdao Museum (or Qingdao Marine Products Museum) consists of the Qingdao Aquarium, Marine Animal Museum, Specimen Exhibition Hall, Fresh-water Fish Museum and Rare Marine Animal Museum. You can buy different combination tickets in order to see some or all of the sections. I decided to choose a combination ticket that did three sections for RMB40. The Aquarium was first opened to the public in 1932 and was the first one in China.
This 2km long park is located along the western end of No.1 Bathing Beach. It used to be known as Seaside Park and was constructed in 1929 according to the design by Ge Jingying, a famous Chinese horticulturist. It changed to its present name in 1950 to commemorate Lu Xun, one of the greatest Chinese writers.
This submarine ("237") was launched in 1977 and is 76 metres long and 6.7 metres wide. It was decommissioned in 1998 and then transferred to the Navy Museum where it has become the first sub to be shown to the public in China. You're not supposed to take any photos inside and there is a guy at the entrance who keeps an eye on you but I managed to take a few from further along inside. Maybe I've given some state secrets away by displaying them here!
This destroyer class vessel is named "An Shan" and was built by the former Soviet Union in 1936 and launched in 1940 where it took part in WWII after it joined the Pacific Fleet of the USSR where it was named "Courage". It arrived at the harbour here in Qingdao in 1954 to join the Chinese fleet which it served in until 1972.
This vessel is an escort called the "Nan Chong" which was launched in 1968. It's 90 metres long and 10 metres wide and has a maximum speed of 22 knots. It was used in the self-defence war to liberate Yong Le Island in the Xi Sha Islands in 1974 and again in 1988 in the Nansha Islands. It was discharged from the Navy in 1994 and became an exhibit here the following year.
This museum is situated at the eastern end of Qingdao Bay and was quite a surprise to see, given that China is a secretive Communist country. It was opened to the public on October 1st 1989 and exhibits all types of naval history such as uniforms, medals, gifts from foreign military organisations, various kinds of weapons and equipment etc. But it's the outdoor exhibits that really define this museum with a whole range of military aircraft, tanks, weapons and missiles plus a destroyer, an escort boat and a submarine. Big boy’s toys shown off from a Communist regime. Great surprise!
This temple was first built in 1467 and is much earlier than Qingdao itself. It's located on the shore of Qingdao Bay and is dedicated to the Heaven Goddess, Tian Hou. There are a total of 16 halls including the Hall of Tian Hou, Hall of the Dragon King, Hall of Gods of Wealth and some which are home to a Folklore Museum.
The pier was especially built for the Qing dynasty army in 1892 and was originally 200 metres long and 10 metres wide. After the German invasion it was used for freight transportation and extended to a length of 350 metres in May 1901. A light rail was laid on top of it in September 1931 and it was further extended to its present length of 440 metres. An octagonal pavilion called the Billowing Back and Forth Pavilion (Huilan Ge), stands at the end of the pier and was constructed in 1930. It features on the label of Tsingtao beer. When you walk along it, you'll see many people selling sea shells, corals and starfish as well as people searching for sea life in rock pools.
This underground battery command fort was built by the Germans in 1899 and was the most important battery post in Qingdao. During the Japanese-German war of 1914, the German troops were defeated and they blew up the southern and northern batteries before surrendering. Only the underground command post survived and has been preserved and open to the public since 1997. It features a set of 3 blast doors at the main entrance and some 42 rooms divided into command rooms, sleeping quarters, mess halls and hospital wards.
This underground command post was designed to protect it from the most powerful artillery strike. Underneath the rotational cupola which weighs six tons are 44 steel balls, 50mm in diameter which provide support and rotational power to the cupola which can rotate 360 degrees.
This park is located between the city centre and Zhongshan Park. During the German occupation from 1897, it was called Bismarck Hill and a famous underground command post was built. In 1914 during the Japanese occupation it was renamed the Longevity Hill. The hill has also been named Jingshan Hill since China resumed its sovereignty over Qingdao in 1922. The whole area was opened as a park in 1986 with the underground battery fort being restored and opened to the public in 1997. Four landscapes have been built in the park, namely, "Spring Harbingers", "Green Waves", "Delightful Serenity" and "Sea of Plum Blossoms" which correspond respectively to the four reasons of spring, summer, autumn and winter. The hill offers some good walking opportunities which the locals make use of.
This museum exhibits military items from the German and Japanese occupation of Qingdao. It's located at the foot of Qingdaoshan Hill where the German's built an underground battery fort.
As part of your tour around the museum, you'll get the chance to sample the beer at two stages of the production process. The first sample you'll get given isn't that great as it's cloudy and tastes strange. I didn't realise at the time, but this sample is of the beer before its been filtered and treated into the finished article. I even said to the chap behind the bar that he needed to clean his pipes out before someone assured me that it wasn't intended to be the real deal! The final sample IS the real deal and I got given about 7-800ml of the stuff in a large carafe which was included in the price of my ticket. I sat in the bar area and chatted to various visitors for quite some time drinking away! Great stuff!
The brewery in Qingdao was founded in 1903 as the Germania-Brauerei (Germania Brewery) to brew beer in the German tradition mainly for Germans and other Westerners in China. In 1915 the brewery was taken over from the cooperation of Chinese (Tsui family) and German owners and their hired managers and until 1945 was under Japanese management following their invasion. After the defeat of Japan in World War II, the Tsingtao Brewery was turned into a Chinese brewery under ownership of the Tsui family. Tsingtao beer now has about 15% of the Chinese domestic market and exports all over the world. I liked the beer a lot and had it as much as I could instead of other, in my view, less superior Chinese beers. You can visit the brewery which also includes a museum, shop and tasting session. Across the road from the brewery are a host of bars where you can drink the local beer in vast amounts!
Mao Zedong stayed in this room during his stay here between the 12th July and 11th August 1957. He spent a summer holiday in Qingdao along with his wife and children and this bedroom on the ground floor has been preserved ever since his visit.