The Yuyuan Garden is a classical garden in Anren Jie, Shanghai. It was built in 1577 by Pan Yunduan, a government official. Yu means pleasing and satisfying. Pan built the garden as somewhere for his parents to enjoy their old age. The garden contains pavilions, halls, rockeries and ponds.
The garden is interesting, though it was very crowded. The surrounding areas are also interesting.
Yu Gardens (Yuyuan Garden) Shanghai-built for the parents of Pan Yunduan, a government officer of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) according to our guide.
It covers a huge area so you can get lost here if you are not careful. We wandered around it but did not cover everything. The shopping was also nearby and we didn't have much time to see all of it but the ones we saw were truly amazing work of art- architecturally authentic representation of the Ming era. we enjoyed it despite the congestion and hot weather. The gardens are truly something to marvel at.
According to Wikipedia:
Today, Yu Garden occupies an area of 2 hectares (5 acres), and is divided into six general areas laid out in the Suzhou style:
Sansui Hall (三穗堂, Sān Suì Táng, lit. "Three Tassel Hall") – includes the Grand Rockery (大假山, Dà Jiǎshān ), a 12-meter-high rockery made of huangshi stone, featuring peaks, cliffs, winding caves, and gorges. This scenery was possibly created by Zhang Nanyang during the Ming Dynasty.
Wanhua Chamber (万花楼, Wàn Huā Lóu, lit. "Chamber of the Ten Thousand Flowers")
Dianchun Hall (点春堂, Diǎn Chūn Táng, lit. "Heralding Spring Hall") – built in 1820, the first year of the Daoguang Emperor; served as the base of the Small Swords Society from September 1853 to February 1855
Huijing Hall (会景楼, Huì Jǐng Lóu)
Yuhua Hall (玉华堂, Yù Huá Táng, lit. "Jade Magnificence Hall") – furnished with rosewood pieces from the Ming Dynasty, shares its name with a mountain near Xinye in Zhejiang.
Inner Garden (内园, Nèi Yuán) – rockeries, ponds, pavilions, and towers; first laid out in 1709 and more recently recreated in 1956 by combining its east and west gardens.[clarification needed]
Each area is separated from the others by "dragon walls" with undulating gray tiled ridges, each terminating in a dragon's head.
These gardens were created in 1559 during the Ming Dynasty. They aren’t like our idea of a garden with lawns and flowers. A classical Chinese garden has pavilions, fountains and ponds, arched bridges, and lots of rock.
A little pavilion on a tiny hill was the highest point in Shanghai, which is just above sea level, at the time it was built. Now, of course, there are skyscrapers in the city.
This 5-acre garden was private, built by a member of the Pan family for his father. John (guide) said the big dragon statue with a little toad at its feet was a message to the Emperor. (I know my place, sir—you are the dragon; I’m the toad.) It took a long time to finish the gardens, and the project seems to have eventually bankrupted the family. It fell into disrepair, but was eventually renovated and it is now public.
Also written simply as Yu Gardens on some maps, the Yuyuan Gardens are a traditional Chinese garden minutes away from the river and the southern end of the Bund.
Established back in 1559, the 5 acre gardens have a checkered history, having been occupied by various military forces over the centuries, suffering extensive damage as a result. But they have been open to the public since 1961 and made into a national monument in 1982.
Today they are something of an oasis of calm in the middle of Shanghai, although the gardens remain busy throughout the day - no quiet contemplative stroll to be had here. Rockeries, pools, pavilions, mini gorges, halls, carp and trees - as well as tea tasting - to be had.
Open 8.30am - 5pm daily. Try and avoid Sundays - queues to get in can be horrendous.
Considered one of the classical Chinese gardens, Yuyuan was built in late 16th century for the parents of a Ming official named Pan Yunduan as a place where they could enjoy a restful old age. However, it quite quickly became delapidated as the fortunes of the family waned. The garden was rebuilt several times, first by a rich merchant family, and later in mid-20th century by the government to undo the damage of the Opium wars.
About 5 acres in size, the garden is not the largest of the classical Chinese gardens, but still packs in a lot with the main 6 scenic areas - Sansui Hall, Wanhua Chamber, Dianchun Hall, Huijing Hall, Yuhua Hall and the Inner Garden, with each area featuring a number of sights.
What the smaller size (together with the huge popularity) does mean, is that the garden is crowded - and can get overcrowded very easily. Make sure you bring the appropriate amount of patience!
When I visited (end of September 2010) tickets were CNY 40 per person, with the garden open from 8.30am to 5.30pm
Throughout the garden there are decoration of all kinds. The Chinese Dragon is a favourite, many on garden walls, pavillion roof, archways and around the various ponds. All must have a meaning, however I do not have the answer. We enjoyed taking photos of the beautiful and unusual.
The original garden was established in 1577 by Pan Yunduan who spent 18 years creating this beautiful Chinese Garden on a 2 hectare site.
This garden bears no resemblance to a western garden as it is a mixture of ponds, bridges, trees, rock gardens, Ming style pavillions and decoractions including dragons. All put together with Chinese style which skilfully blends everything together. It is laid out to provide beautiful secluded areas for rest and meditation.
Over the centuries these gardens deteriorated and during the First Opium War were ransacked by the British.
During 1956 the the 5 year restoration project commenced and the gardens were reopened to the public during 1961.These gardens are a popular tourist attraction and a highlight of our visit to Shanghai.
Yuyuan Garden and Bazaar around the garden will be the most Chinese area in Shanghai.
It is located in the center of the city, yet you will feel that you are deep in China.
When you get to the gate to the area, please walk along the alleys to the center of the area and buy the admission ticket to the garden. Inside the garden walk along the maze-like paths enjoying various buildings and gardens.
Walking along and past the corridoors and streets of Yu Yuan Garden was one fond memory of Shanghai. Though it is touristy as expected, knowing that it was once a classic Ming architecture made me look at it in a different way. It actually reminded me of walking along the streets around the Ruins in Macau.
Yuyuan garden is an historical Chinese Garden. Outside the garden, there were some buildings in the traditional Chinese style. Inside most of these buildings are the restaurant or the shops for the tourist. Besides Yuyuan Garden, a tea caf'e called Huxingting is in the center of the lake through a zigzag Chinese bridge. A famous traditional dim sum restaurant called Lu Bo Lang and another famous Nanxiang Bun Shop are also located around the lake. City God temple is also in the vincinity.
The history of the Yuyuan garden can be dated back to 1559 when it was built as a private garden. Pan Yunduan spent almost 20 years to build the garden for his father Pan En who was an official in the Ming Dynasty. The gardens became neglected and in 1760 were bought by merchants. They were badly damaged during the Opium Wars of the 19th century and again by the Japanese in 1942.
Between 1956-61 they were repaired by the Shanghai government and opened to the public . In 1982 they were declared a national monument.
The garden covers an area of 2ha and is laid out in 6 areas as in the traditional Suzhou style. Each garden is separated by Dragon Walls - the grey tiled ridge ends in a dragon head.
The gardens are a photographers paradise with lots of reflections and interesting rock shapes.
One of beautiful Chinese gardens, located in the old city of Shanghai, Yu Garden is established in 1559 and during the years and wars, garden was repaired few times. Amazing little passes made of rocks (designed by architect Zhang Nan yang), different types of flowers and trees, bridges, towers and halls, golden fishes are part of it.
My feeling about this garden is you can always get surprise while u are there. When you step into the entrance, you would think "oh, it isn't big - so so". But as you walk further, you can always find more and more to explore. It is really amazing!
part two of my Yu Yuan Garden Tips with more pictures. Yu Yuan Garden is the famous in the Shanghai Region, The garden was reportedly first established in 1559 as a private garden created by Pan Yunduan, who spent almost 20 years building a garden to please his father Pan En, a high-ranking official in the Ming Dynasty. Yuyuan Garden occupies an area of 2 hectares (5 acres), and is divided into six general areas and these areas are separated by "dragon walls" with undulating gray tiled ridges, each terminating in a dragon's head. It is Part of the City God Complex in Old Shanghai
Yu Yuan Garden is the famous in the Shanghai Region, The garden was reportedly first established in 1559 as a private garden created by Pan Yunduan, who spent almost 20 years building a garden to please his father Pan En, a high-ranking official in the Ming Dynasty. Yuyuan Garden occupies an area of 2 hectares (5 acres), and is divided into six general areas and these areas are separated by "dragon walls" with undulating gray tiled ridges, each terminating in a dragon's head. It is Part of the City God Complex in Old Shanghai