Local name: Gilheri; Scientific name: Funambulus pennanti
The squirrel is widespread and very tame in and around the villages, as well as in the park.
There is a legend attached to this squirrel - it was this species which Rama thanked for helping the monkeys to build the bridge to Lanka when he was rescuing Sita from Ravana.
The stripes were left when he stroked one of them, and have been there ever since!
Favorite thing: Jackals are omniverous and live in monogamous mated pairs. Mating takes place around the year and after a gestation period is 63 days one to nine pups are born, but two to four is the usual number. The pups weigh about 220 grams at birth and their eyes open after about ten days. The pups are weaned after about eight weeks. Although an accomplished hunter, the jackal is known as a coward in Indian folklore.
Also known a Blue Bull, the Nilgai is a large antelope. Males have short, smooth horns with an average lenght of 18 cm. Females usually do not grow horns, but may occasionally. They grow to 119-150 cm at the shoulder and can weigh up to 290 kg. Life expectancy up to 30 years. This, the largest of the Asiatic antelopes, is considered sacred in India.
General colouring is grey to brownish grey in females with patches of white on the face and below the chin. Males are darker with a blueish tone to the body, hence the name.
Favorite thing: This Indian gazelle is the smallest asiatic antelope. It grows to a maximum height of 65 cms and weighs only about 25 kgs. Most males have very short horns, although some grow to a length of 25 - 30 cms. Found mostly in open woodlands and scrublands, their numbers have largely reduced and they now feature on the endangered list. They have a life expectancy of 12 - 15 years
The only way to visit the Ranthambhore National Park is via Indian government-run jeep safaris. You book these safaris through a variety of marketers, and as I mention in my warnings, you'd best book your safaris well ahead of time. The number of visitors to the park is strictly regulated, and as you'd guess - it's popular.
The company that was involved in our booking of jeep safaris was Ranthambhore Travel and Tours. They were selected by Navin Pandey and Gatik Eventures of New Delhi, the company and man that I selected to help me put together the arrangements for our trip. The fellow at Ranthambhore that we worked with personally in Sawai Madhopur was a fellow named Balraj. (I'm sorry, I didn't get his surname)
If you are booking your safaris, I'd suggest that you get in touch with this company, they'll take good care of you. They are dependable and will do everything possible to insure that you get into smaller jeeps, rather than the larger group safaris. (There's never a guarantee, as the government makes the calls. But Ranthambhore Tours and Travel seem to do a good job of getting small jeeps, which are nice)
Ranthambhore Tours and Travel
Head Office is near the Girls Senior Secondary School in Sawai Madhopur.
There is a branch office attached to the Sawai Madhopur Lodge over on Ranthambhore Road.
Email : email@example.com
Phone: 22 22 61
Fax: 22 12 80
Fondest memory: Well, Ranthambhore Travel and Tours gets partial credit for THE moment of our visit to Ranthambhore. That would be the afternoon that we saw that stunning male bengal tiger at a distance of only 40 meters. :)
Having spend a beautiful morning in the park, we are quite unprepared for the adventure awaiting us outside the gates: there, on top of the escarpment, is a leopard! A very rare sighting indeed, we are absolutely thrilled to see the leopard!
Tigers will attack, kill and eat leopards if given the opportunity, so the leopards tend to stick to the outskirts of the park.
Favorite thing: The hare is usually nocturnal in habit and by day it is found in a scooped out hollow or 'form' made in the patch of grass. The hare is a great menace to cultivation, feeding on vegetable crops like carrot, radish, peas, cabbage etc. Reduced by snaring and shooting, the greatest cause for the decline in its population has been the destruction of plant cover.
"Langur" is a Hindi word, possibly from Sanskrit, for "tailed." "Hanuman" is a Sanskrit word for "having jaws."
The hanuman langur is herbivorous, eating leaves, fruits, flowers, and cultivated crops. As a sacred animal in India, the langur often lives on hand-outs from local people or by raiding market stalls, cultivations and temple offerings. The hanuman langur is a semi-terrestrial and diurnal species.
After a gestation period of 20 days, a single young is born.
The Sambar is the most widespread spread deer species in the world, covering sevral Asian countries.
It is also one of the largest members of the deer family, with males being able to attain weights up to 300 kg and can grow to a height of up to 150 cms at the shoulders. The males have antlers nearly 100 cm long, and life expectancy is up to 20 years. The sambar are the main prey of the tiger, and he can feed for four days from a large deer.
Scientific name Sus scrofa.
Terrestrial diurnal animals, the wild boar is found in grass, bush jungle or forest at an elevation up to 2000 m.
Wild boars are omniverous and will sometimes feed on carrion as well as crops, roots, tubers, insects, snakes and offal, usually eating early in the morning and late in the evening.
They breed throughout the year, and after a gestation period of 115 days, 4-6 young are born.
Chital, or the Spotted Deer, is India's most common deer. It is often found in large herds of up to 50 animals, and is found all over India apart from in the extreme north.
They grow to a height of up to 90 cm at the shoulders, and can weigh a maximum of 85 kg. The life expectancy is around 25 years.
Latin name: Lissemys punctata
Found throughout India, the turtle is common and not considered endangereed. It is found in ponds and rivers and will grow to a maximum size of 35 cm. It lays 3-8 eggs during September to December, and eats small fish and insects.
Favorite thing: Mugger's Crocodiles were artificially inrtoduced to the park in the late 1970s. They can grow to a maximu length of four metres and can often bee seen basking in the sunshine to raise their temperature (being that they are cold blooded).
Ranthambore has a special allure to it. Perhaps, there is no other spot on earth where the Royal Bengal Tiger can be seen in the wild with such ease. The low scrubland and brush are almost ideally suited to the tiger's colour adaptation. However, the lack of dense vegetation also means that this majestic beast is easier to spot than elsewhere.
In the picture alongside is an erstwhile summer "cabin", now used only by tigers to excape the scorching heat that summers in this area can bring.
If you are going on a tiger safari the chances are you will be leaving quite early in the morning and it is still pretty cold.
You may leave your hotel and thing, "its not too cold and will warm up". However, once you get in the open top safari vehicle and it starts driving to the park it is absolutely freezing!
When they offer you a blanket to take with you, take it. Men - don't be macho and so no, take it, you will need it.