The fort and the citadel within it were built by Yusuf Adil Shah in 1565 in two concentric circles. The circumferential length of the fort’s outer wall, which encloses the old city, measures10 kilometres. It is strongly fortified with ninety-six large bastions. In addition, there are ten other bastions at the five main gateways which are arched and decorated. The fort is surrounded by a moat of 50 feet wide and ten feet deep. The fort wall has varying height and it's width is about 25 feet .In the days when Bijapur Sultanate commanded almost the whole of the Deccan , the fort had more than 1000 canons made of brass and iron. The palace inside was encompassed by two moats.
Jumma Masjid is the largest mosque of Bijapur and was constructed in 1565. It has a prayer hall with fine aisles supported on massive pillars and has an impressive dome . The large courtyard also has a water tank. It is called also called the Jami masjid . The masjid spreads over an area of more than 10,000 square metres !. The mosque building is rectangular in shape . The façade has nine large arches with five inner arches . The building is incomplete as two minarets are missing or have not been built. The dome is semicircular in shape. In 1636, the arched shaped mehrab in the mosque was gilded and inscribed with Persian verses, at the instance of Muhammad Adil Shah. Another interesting feature is the 2250 inlaid rectangular tiles to substitute prayer rugs installed by the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb.
Gagan Mahal was built by Adil Shah I in 1561 and was used as a palace as well as an audience hall. The central arch of Gagan Mahal is the tallest and widest among all the arches found in Bijapur. Mostly in ruins, the structure is now part of a fantastic park.
It was the royal residence and darbar hall of Adil Shah I. The palace is situated on the top floor, while the Durbar Hall is located on the ground floor. This hall resembles an opera stage . The Gagan Mahal and nearby palaces are surrounded by a moat and citadel walls.
As you enter the gardens at Gol Gumbaz you first see the ASI Museum .It has a wonderful collection of art , antiques and sculptures from around Bijapur. Surely worth a visit. The Gol Gumbaz is situated behind the museum.
This pair of a mosque and a tomb were built by Ibrahim II. Five thousand labourers and artisans took nearly twenty years to build this magnificient monument.This building was surely an inspiration for a later wonder - the Taj Mahal in Agra.
A Jain temple built to house a few Jain idols found in Bijapur dating from the 10th to the 14th centuries.The 10th century old idol of Bhagwan Parshwanath is unique and the only one in the world to be adorned by a 1008 headed serpent ! A true paradox in the Muslim town of Bijapur.
This stocky antique cannon is one of the most famous guns in India.It is installed in the Fort of Bijapur. The name of the cannon means 'Monarch of the Plain '.It was cast from bell metal in the city of Ahmednagar and shifted to Bijapur in 1632.There are three inscriptions in Arabic and Persian on it's back.
Built in 1650 by Adil Shah , it has one of the largest domes in the world measuring at 124 feet in diameter internally .The whispering gallery running round the majestic dome truly lives up to it's name.The slightest of sound made here turns into a series of loud echos.Probably the greatest feat of construction in India after the taj mahal in Agra.
Bijapur's most famous monument is Golgumbaz, built in 1659. It has a dome of 38m in diameter and is the world's second largest. We arrived early one morning at sunrise and was almost the only visitors. We climbed up through the narrow dark stone stairs in one of the towers and came to the "whispering gallery" under the dome. When I stood on one side and whispered to the wall, to my boyfriend, who stood on the opposite side 38 meters away, he could hear it loud and clear from the wall! It was a very special experience!
Malik-e-Maidan (The Monarch of the Plains) is the largest medieval cannon in the world. Being 4 m long, 1,5 m in diameter and weighing 55 tons, this gun was brought back from Ahmadnagar in the 17th century as a trophy of war by 400 oxen, 10 elephants and tens of men. It was placed on the Sherza Burj (Lion Gate) on a platform especially built for it. The cannon's nose is fashioned into the shape of a lion's head with open jaws and between the carved jaws is depicted an elephant being crushed to death. It is said that after igniting the cannon, the gunner would remain underwater in a tank of water on the platform to avoid the deafening explosion. The cannon remains cool even in strong sunlight and if tapped, tinkles like a bell. In 1854 the cannon was auctioned for Rs. 150 but the sale was cancelled in the end.
It was friday and only my boyfriend was allowed into the mosque.
Jama Masjid in Bijapur/Vijapura is the largest and oldest mosque in the Deccan. The main entrance is from the east side. The columns in the main building divide the floor into 45 equal squares. The most beautiful feature is the dome of this building which is highly proportionate.
The mihrab here is gorgeously painted.
Ibrahim Rouza was built by Ibrahim Adil Shah II in 1629, originally as a mausoleum for his wife. But when he died before her, they are both buried here. The mausoleum looks like a mixture of a palace and a temple and has amazing detailed carvings.
We had a great time here, and met many nice people. And many kids asking for "one photo!?"
This is the unfinished tomb of Adil Shah II.it is a roofless wonder with the arches spanning about 20 feet.
Two magnificient cannons were placed atop an oval tower to protect the city.The larger of the two guns was called 'Lamchari' or far-flier.