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A magnificent building, completed in 1888, the Victoria Terminus was named after the then Queen Empress on Jubilee Day, 1887. Construction started in 1878 based on a design by F. W. Stevens, and took 10 years to complete. The cost of construction was Rs. 16.14 lakhs (Rs. 1.614 million). The railway station was opened to the public on New Year's Day, 1882. It is now the starting point of the Central Railways.
The Victoria Terminus was renamed Chhatrapati Sivaji Terminus on March 4, 1996. In September 1999 pedestrian access to the suburban railway terminus was moved underground. The subway was built at the incredible cost of Rs. 15 crores (Rs. 150 million).
This building has long been on the urban heritage list and a protected monument. It was put on the UNESCO World Heritage List on July 2, 2004. It is the first functional administrative building to be put on this list.
Unfortunately, some of the lovely carvings are at such an awkward height that you can only get a close view from the top deck of a passing double-decker bus. Citizens and tourists may get a better view of the details when the Central Railways starts guided tours of the structure.
Begin at the railway station
The original VT (vee-tee) is the Victoria Terminus buliding in Bombay. Like much of the city, it has a new name now that dosn't reek of colonial connotations. Rather like Bombay itself (now called Mumbai) the old name refuses to go away and still sticks like glue to the place.
This Gothic masterpiece was opened in 1888 and stands as one of the two main stations at the foot of Mumbai. Between them they recieve millions of passangers every day. Just standings around on the concourse during the morning rush-hour will give you some idea of the swarming mass of the country. The platforms are filled with the disgorged contents of the suburban trains. They are packed into the carriages in a way that makes the average sardine feel extremely cramped. If you can imagine the most crowded train you have ever been on in your life : then triple the numbers. I believe the official figure reveal that 14-16 people crowd into every square meter. Although the vast majority wil get off at the terminus, anyone alighting at an intermediate station must have to play a kind of giant game of 'twister' to release themselves from the melee. The only exception to this is the 'women only' carriages, created to look after wome who otherwise would be subject to the roving hands of 'eve teasers'.
I suspect that this crush of humanity has done more than anything else to begin to break down the social barriers of the caste system. On the other hand, if you visit at around mid-morning, you will be able to see the 'Tiffin carriers' going about their business. This army of 5,000 workers transport boxes of food that have been prepared in the home of office workers via the rail network to the desks of their beloved at lunchtime. This system therefore allows the caste system to continue, as your food is not handled by the hands of other castes.
The system runs to such a level of effeciency that business schools across the world use it as an example. If makes DHL or FED EX look like a bunch of Johnny-come-lately incompetent amateurs in comparison.
Victoria Terminus or Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, as it was renamed after the Maratha warrior, is in Gothic style and took 10 years to be completed.
A figure of Progress arises from the top of the central dome and sculptures representing Engineering, Commerce and Agricolture stand on the other gables among friezes, arches, windows.
From it set off India's first steam engine covering about 45 km as far as Thane.
- Arts and Culture
India's latest addition to the UNESCO world heritage site list is the Victoria Terminus in Mumbai. This collosal colonial edifice looks more like a palace than a train station.
The locals have recently renamed this building as the "Chhartrapati Shivaji Terminus", though the old name is still commonly used.
Guess they figure that there are enough Lake Victoria, Victoria Falls, Victoria Stations, Georgetowns, Lake Georges etc etc in the world to go around... (I'd likely concur with that sentiment....)
Metropolitan Transit Train Rides
If you truly want to experience what Mumbai commuters have to put up with, try taking a train (preferably off peak) to one of the northern suburbs. You would go from VT to Bandra or Andheri West (both nice areas to visit). You can either catch a direct train at Churchgate Station to Bandra or Andheri or take it from VT and change at Dadar. This gives a new meaning to push and shove.
Victoria Terminus(Chatrapathi Shivaji Terminus).
This is one of the Mumbai old building,1878.Old name is Victoria Terminus,now new name is Chatrapathi Shivaji Terminus:).But still knows by the name of VT :) only.
This is Mumbai largest railway stations.I dint go inside,i too tried my adventure train journy from Churchgate to Anderi :).
Churstgate is other main station.
- Historical Travel
- Arts and Culture
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus
Although photos aren't allowed inside, be sure to enter the Chhatrapati Shivaji train station (renamed in an effort to eradicate English); the interior is very impressive, with Gothic vaulted ceilings and ironwork.
My first trip to CST was in a jetlag haze, and I missed out on the architectural beauty of it completely, but I managed to smarten up and return for a second look before leaving. There is heavy, heavy traffic around the building, so be careful when you're backing up to get any photograph of it.
Victoria Terminus or VT for...
Victoria Terminus or VT for short, is another example of the beautiful architecture that accents the city's beauty. This is one of the main train stations of the city. Millions of people pass through this station every day.
Modeled on the lines of the St Pancras Station in London, Victoria Terminus is undoubtedly the Raj's piece de resistance, Complete with carved stone friezes, stained glass windows and flying buttresses. It is Gothic architecture at its best, an awesome edifice that most citizens view with deep pride. At the top of the central dome stands the triumphant figure of Progress. The station was christened to commemorate Victoria Jubilee Day in 1887 when India's first steam engine puffed out to neighboring Thane, about 45 kms away. Today it has been rechristened Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus after the Maratha warrior. And the old steam engines have been replaced by electric ones. But to the 2.5 million commuters who push past its massive portals everyday, this is still VT, the pulse of a throbbing city.
CST , Mumbai
Earlier known as Victoria Terminus , the CST is a world heritage site.The station is busy round the clock with commuters coming to work in South Mumbai / Nariman point from the suburbs.
Victoria Terminus now renamed Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus. The building, designed by the British architect F. W. Stevens, became the symbol of Bombay as the ‘Gothic City’
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