Victoria Terminus, Mumbai
Designed by FW Stevens and built in a style that combines Gothic and Indian influences. This is the city's most prominent building and considered architecturally one of the finest station in the world. Built in 1878, the Italian Gothic building has a frontage of over 1500 feet. The administrative offices form three sides of a rectangle enclosing an ornamental garden, the entrance gate guarded by a massive stone lion and tiger. The most prominent feature of this building is the high 160 feet dome crowning the center. On top of the giant dome is a figure of a woman with a torch held aloft to symbolize progress. The tower clock visible from outside has a diameter of 9' with a 3' & 10" minute hand and a 2'3" hour hand run mechanically. Still ticking 120 years later it is only one of its kind in the country. Marble columns support the entrance facade. The main entrance has four great doorways which open to the booking offices. The internal arrangements were designed to afford a maximum of convenience. Amidst the cacophony of rushing commuters and hooting trains about one thousand trains and nearly two million commuters pass through the Terminus of this country's largest railway station. The local electric trains that ferry in and out of the city leave every three to four minutes. On the other side of the building, the trains pulled by heavy diesel or steam locomotives depart to different cities and towns. Trains from the central, southern and eastern region arrive here. VT is also known as Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus ( CST) here.
VT or Victoria terminus is now Chattrapati Shivaji Terminus and its the junction and the origin of one of world's longest railways, The Indian Railways, which are better than Pakistani, American or Bitish Railways. Also, Bombay Municipal Corporation Headoffice is situated in this Building.
this is one of the structures which the east india company (british) left behind after the india got her indepence.
it has been restored after long by the heritage society of mumbai. a really marvellous structure to see..you should check the details. i have been seeing this place since childhood, but i still glaze at it when i pass around
The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus), still popularly known as VT or Veetee is a UNESCO's world heritage, very historic and one of India's busiest railway station.
You needn't go far, if you're arriving from anywhere in India by train at Mumbai's central station, then that would be the huge historic CST or popularly known as VT.
A magnificent building, completed in 1888, the Victoria Terminus was named after the then Queen Empress on Jubilee Day, 1887. Construction started in 1878 based on a design by F. W. Stevens, and took 10 years to complete. The cost of construction was Rs. 16.14 lakhs (Rs. 1.614 million). The railway station was opened to the public on New Year's Day, 1882. It is now the starting point of the Central Railways.
The Victoria Terminus was renamed Chhatrapati Sivaji Terminus on March 4, 1996. In September 1999 pedestrian access to the suburban railway terminus was moved underground. The subway was built at the incredible cost of Rs. 15 crores (Rs. 150 million).
This building has long been on the urban heritage list and a protected monument. It was put on the UNESCO World Heritage List on July 2, 2004. It is the first functional administrative building to be put on this list.
Unfortunately, some of the lovely carvings are at such an awkward height that you can only get a close view from the top deck of a passing double-decker bus. Citizens and tourists may get a better view of the details when the Central Railways starts guided tours of the structure.
The original VT (vee-tee) is the Victoria Terminus buliding in Bombay. Like much of the city, it has a new name now that dosn't reek of colonial connotations. Rather like Bombay itself (now called Mumbai) the old name refuses to go away and still sticks like glue to the place.
This Gothic masterpiece was opened in 1888 and stands as one of the two main stations at the foot of Mumbai. Between them they recieve millions of passangers every day. Just standings around on the concourse during the morning rush-hour will give you some idea of the swarming mass of the country. The platforms are filled with the disgorged contents of the suburban trains. They are packed into the carriages in a way that makes the average sardine feel extremely cramped. If you can imagine the most crowded train you have ever been on in your life : then triple the numbers. I believe the official figure reveal that 14-16 people crowd into every square meter. Although the vast majority wil get off at the terminus, anyone alighting at an intermediate station must have to play a kind of giant game of 'twister' to release themselves from the melee. The only exception to this is the 'women only' carriages, created to look after wome who otherwise would be subject to the roving hands of 'eve teasers'.
I suspect that this crush of humanity has done more than anything else to begin to break down the social barriers of the caste system. On the other hand, if you visit at around mid-morning, you will be able to see the 'Tiffin carriers' going about their business. This army of 5,000 workers transport boxes of food that have been prepared in the home of office workers via the rail network to the desks of their beloved at lunchtime. This system therefore allows the caste system to continue, as your food is not handled by the hands of other castes.
The system runs to such a level of effeciency that business schools across the world use it as an example. If makes DHL or FED EX look like a bunch of Johnny-come-lately incompetent amateurs in comparison.
The station was originally named after her who was also known as Empress of India. This wonderful piece of gothic architecture became the symbol of Bombay as the ‘Gothic City’. On 2nd July, 2004 the World Heritage Committee of UNESCO nominated this railway architecture as a World Heritage Site.
The Victoria Terminus or Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus as it has been renamed was built in 1888 after taking 10 years to complete and is considered to be one of the finest stations in the world for its architecture. The façade of the of the building is covered with sculptures of birds and animals, along with lovely stained glass windows, domed arches and pillars.
Victoria Terminus or Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, as it was renamed after the Maratha warrior, is in Gothic style and took 10 years to be completed.
A figure of Progress arises from the top of the central dome and sculptures representing Engineering, Commerce and Agricolture stand on the other gables among friezes, arches, windows.
From it set off India's first steam engine covering about 45 km as far as Thane.
India's latest addition to the UNESCO world heritage site list is the Victoria Terminus in Mumbai. This collosal colonial edifice looks more like a palace than a train station.
The locals have recently renamed this building as the "Chhartrapati Shivaji Terminus", though the old name is still commonly used.
Guess they figure that there are enough Lake Victoria, Victoria Falls, Victoria Stations, Georgetowns, Lake Georges etc etc in the world to go around... (I'd likely concur with that sentiment....)
If you truly want to experience what Mumbai commuters have to put up with, try taking a train (preferably off peak) to one of the northern suburbs. You would go from VT to Bandra or Andheri West (both nice areas to visit). You can either catch a direct train at Churchgate Station to Bandra or Andheri or take it from VT and change at Dadar. This gives a new meaning to push and shove.
This is one of the Mumbai old building,1878.Old name is Victoria Terminus,now new name is Chatrapathi Shivaji Terminus:).But still knows by the name of VT :) only.
This is Mumbai largest railway stations.I dint go inside,i too tried my adventure train journy from Churchgate to Anderi :).
Churstgate is other main station.
Although photos aren't allowed inside, be sure to enter the Chhatrapati Shivaji train station (renamed in an effort to eradicate English); the interior is very impressive, with Gothic vaulted ceilings and ironwork.
My first trip to CST was in a jetlag haze, and I missed out on the architectural beauty of it completely, but I managed to smarten up and return for a second look before leaving. There is heavy, heavy traffic around the building, so be careful when you're backing up to get any photograph of it.
Victoria Terminus or VT for short, is another example of the beautiful architecture that accents the city's beauty. This is one of the main train stations of the city. Millions of people pass through this station every day.
Modeled on the lines of the St Pancras Station in London, Victoria Terminus is undoubtedly the Raj's piece de resistance, Complete with carved stone friezes, stained glass windows and flying buttresses. It is Gothic architecture at its best, an awesome edifice that most citizens view with deep pride. At the top of the central dome stands the triumphant figure of Progress. The station was christened to commemorate Victoria Jubilee Day in 1887 when India's first steam engine puffed out to neighboring Thane, about 45 kms away. Today it has been rechristened Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus after the Maratha warrior. And the old steam engines have been replaced by electric ones. But to the 2.5 million commuters who push past its massive portals everyday, this is still VT, the pulse of a throbbing city.