Victoria Terminus, Mumbai
The station, the busiest in India, was designed by Frederick William Stevens, a consulting architect in 1887-1888.
It took ten years to complete and was named "Victoria Terminus" in honour of the Queen and Empress Victoria; it was opened on the date of her Golden Jubilee in 1887. This famous architectural landmark in Gothic style was built as the headquarters of the great Indian Peninsular Railway. In 1996 it was renamed Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus, in honour of Shivaji, who was a 17th century Maratha king. It is still fondly referred to as Victoria Terminus (VT) by most Mumbaikers.
In 2004 it was nominated as a World heritage Site by Unesco.
The architecture of the building is Victorian Gothic with influences of Italianate and Indian style. Internally, the wood carving, tiles, ornamental iron and brass railings, grills for the ticket offices, the balustrades for the grand staircases and other ornaments were the work of students at the Bombay School of Art.
The terminus serves long-distance passenger trains as well as two of the suburban lines-the Central Line and the Harbour line. It is the westernmost terminus of Central Railway.
Security is very tight, and no photography is allowed inside the building.I managed to sneak a photo of the waiting room while we were waiting for our train to Kolkata. The waiting room is without a doubt the best we have seen in India. Beautiful wood panels and comfortable seating.
Victoria Terminus (VT) is my favorite building in Mumbai - I just love all the details. It is so special that at first glance you might think it's a palace or cathedral.
Building started in 1878 and was completed 10 years later, although it opened for passengers in 1882. It is considered the most impressive example of Victorian Gothic architecture in all of India. Although it was renamed Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST) in 1996 many people still refer to it as VT. In 2004 this beautiful building was declared a Unesco World Heritage Site.
VT has domes, spires, and arches, but the highlights are the passenger/booking hall and the stone carvings/sculptures. On top of the entrance gate are stone sculptures of a lion and a tiger - symbolizing Britain and India. Spend time walking around the outside to find the other carvings and sculpures. Look closely to find the peacocks, elephants, monkeys, and snakes. Also very interesting are the portrait medallions - busts of Raj-era men in the facade.
The hall has a lofty Neo-Gothic roof and is decorated with colorful tiles and stained glass windows. The platforms are spacious to accomodate the throngs of passengers that pass through the station daily.
Atop the central dome is a 4m (13 ft) high statue of "Progress" holding a torch. The dome has eight decorative ribs and water spouts shaped like animals (very cool) that jut out from the base.
VT is the western-most end point of the central railways of India and also the southern end point of the central and harbor lines of Mumbai's metropolitan rail transport system. It is the headquarters of the Central Railway with over 1,000 trains and two million passengers passing through daily!! Crowds of suburban commuters begin and end their work day here.
You will probably pass VT several times during your visit to Mumbai, but it's well worth a visit inside. Photos of the interior are no longer allowed.
Designed by FW Stevens and built in a style that combines Gothic and Indian influences. This is the city's most prominent building and considered architecturally one of the finest station in the world. Built in 1878, the Italian Gothic building has a frontage of over 1500 feet. The administrative offices form three sides of a rectangle enclosing an ornamental garden, the entrance gate guarded by a massive stone lion and tiger. The most prominent feature of this building is the high 160 feet dome crowning the center. On top of the giant dome is a figure of a woman with a torch held aloft to symbolize progress. The tower clock visible from outside has a diameter of 9' with a 3' & 10" minute hand and a 2'3" hour hand run mechanically. Still ticking 120 years later it is only one of its kind in the country. Marble columns support the entrance facade. The main entrance has four great doorways which open to the booking offices. The internal arrangements were designed to afford a maximum of convenience. Amidst the cacophony of rushing commuters and hooting trains about one thousand trains and nearly two million commuters pass through the Terminus of this country's largest railway station. The local electric trains that ferry in and out of the city leave every three to four minutes. On the other side of the building, the trains pulled by heavy diesel or steam locomotives depart to different cities and towns. Trains from the central, southern and eastern region arrive here. VT is also known as Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus ( CST) here.
Very extravagant and impressive. A mixture of different architectural styles.
It is listed as a Unesco World Heritage Site.
It is said to be the busiest station in Asia.
Most probably the most impressive building in Mumbai.
It is now called Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST)
Victoria Terminus or Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, as it was renamed after the Maratha warrior, is in Gothic style and took 10 years to be completed.
A figure of Progress arises from the top of the central dome and sculptures representing Engineering, Commerce and Agricolture stand on the other gables among friezes, arches, windows.
From it set off India's first steam engine covering about 45 km as far as Thane.
This is one of the Mumbai old building,1878.Old name is Victoria Terminus,now new name is Chatrapathi Shivaji Terminus:).But still knows by the name of VT :) only.
This is Mumbai largest railway stations.I dint go inside,i too tried my adventure train journy from Churchgate to Anderi :).
Churstgate is other main station.
India's latest addition to the UNESCO world heritage site list is the Victoria Terminus in Mumbai. This collosal colonial edifice looks more like a palace than a train station.
The locals have recently renamed this building as the "Chhartrapati Shivaji Terminus", though the old name is still commonly used.
Guess they figure that there are enough Lake Victoria, Victoria Falls, Victoria Stations, Georgetowns, Lake Georges etc etc in the world to go around... (I'd likely concur with that sentiment....)
Although photos aren't allowed inside, be sure to enter the Chhatrapati Shivaji train station (renamed in an effort to eradicate English); the interior is very impressive, with Gothic vaulted ceilings and ironwork.
My first trip to CST was in a jetlag haze, and I missed out on the architectural beauty of it completely, but I managed to smarten up and return for a second look before leaving. There is heavy, heavy traffic around the building, so be careful when you're backing up to get any photograph of it.
this is one of the structures which the east india company (british) left behind after the india got her indepence.
it has been restored after long by the heritage society of mumbai. a really marvellous structure to see..you should check the details. i have been seeing this place since childhood, but i still glaze at it when i pass around
Victoria Terminus--CHHATRAPATI SHIVAJI TERMINAL
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminal formerly known as " Victoria Terminus " and today also its more known in short as " VT " more than " CST ". CST was acknowledged as a 'World Heritage Site' by UNESCO in 2004. And " Slumdog Millionaire " famous song shot here on these platform. I dont even count how many times I had took train from this station. Trains local destination such as Harbour line, Andheri and Central lines starts from here on one side and for long distance train to most part of India starts from here.
Architecture of this place is blend of Western talent and Indian labour. Security at this plce got really tighten after 2008 attack. And Its estimated that around 3-4 Million people catch train from this station thus its the busiest train station in India.
And during day its really difficult to get picture of CST without vehicles around. For best pictures we need to be here after midnight. I hope somebody puts better pictures for people.
Built in 1877 by Frederick Stevens, the Victoria Station represents a highpoint of British Gothic architecture in Mumbai. The station was built atop the City’s main dhobi ghat - laundry washing center, now moved to Mahalaxhmi - and was inspired by London’s St Pancreas Station.
A magnificent building, completed in 1888, the Victoria Terminus was named after the then Queen Empress on Jubilee Day, 1887. Construction started in 1878 based on a design by F. W. Stevens, and took 10 years to complete. The cost of construction was Rs. 16.14 lakhs (Rs. 1.614 million). The railway station was opened to the public on New Year's Day, 1882. It is now the starting point of the Central Railways.
The Victoria Terminus was renamed Chhatrapati Sivaji Terminus on March 4, 1996. In September 1999 pedestrian access to the suburban railway terminus was moved underground. The subway was built at the incredible cost of Rs. 15 crores (Rs. 150 million).
This building has long been on the urban heritage list and a protected monument. It was put on the UNESCO World Heritage List on July 2, 2004. It is the first functional administrative building to be put on this list.
Unfortunately, some of the lovely carvings are at such an awkward height that you can only get a close view from the top deck of a passing double-decker bus. Citizens and tourists may get a better view of the details when the Central Railways starts guided tours of the structure.
This magnificent looking building lies in the old centre of Mumbai. I resembles St Pancras station in London, being built in Victorian Italianate Gothic style. It has carved stone friezes and stained glass windows, flying buttresses and on the top of the central dome is a triumphant figure of Progress. It was bult to commemorate Victoria's Jubilee day in 1887.
The station was originally named after her who was also known as Empress of India. This wonderful piece of gothic architecture became the symbol of Bombay as the ‘Gothic City’. On 2nd July, 2004 the World Heritage Committee of UNESCO nominated this railway architecture as a World Heritage Site.
The original VT (vee-tee) is the Victoria Terminus buliding in Bombay. Like much of the city, it has a new name now that dosn't reek of colonial connotations. Rather like Bombay itself (now called Mumbai) the old name refuses to go away and still sticks like glue to the place.
This Gothic masterpiece was opened in 1888 and stands as one of the two main stations at the foot of Mumbai. Between them they recieve millions of passangers every day. Just standings around on the concourse during the morning rush-hour will give you some idea of the swarming mass of the country. The platforms are filled with the disgorged contents of the suburban trains. They are packed into the carriages in a way that makes the average sardine feel extremely cramped. If you can imagine the most crowded train you have ever been on in your life : then triple the numbers. I believe the official figure reveal that 14-16 people crowd into every square meter. Although the vast majority wil get off at the terminus, anyone alighting at an intermediate station must have to play a kind of giant game of 'twister' to release themselves from the melee. The only exception to this is the 'women only' carriages, created to look after wome who otherwise would be subject to the roving hands of 'eve teasers'.
I suspect that this crush of humanity has done more than anything else to begin to break down the social barriers of the caste system. On the other hand, if you visit at around mid-morning, you will be able to see the 'Tiffin carriers' going about their business. This army of 5,000 workers transport boxes of food that have been prepared in the home of office workers via the rail network to the desks of their beloved at lunchtime. This system therefore allows the caste system to continue, as your food is not handled by the hands of other castes.
The system runs to such a level of effeciency that business schools across the world use it as an example. If makes DHL or FED EX look like a bunch of Johnny-come-lately incompetent amateurs in comparison.