Fatehpur Sikri, Agra
37 km west of Agra, Fatehpur Sikri came into being four centuries ago when the Emperor Akbar, not yet 28 years old, created the first planned city in Indo-Islamic style. The city was actualised with great energy, but was completely abandoned a little more than a decade later.
In 1568, Akbar was secure and powerful but he had no son and heir. His search for blessing for the birth of a successor brought him to the Sufi mystic Shaikh Salim Chisti, who lived in Sikri village. The saint prophesied the birth of three sons and soon after was born Prince Salim, later to become Emperor Jahangir. In gratitude for the blessing Akbar decided to create imperial residences in Sikri, which would function as a joint capital with Agra. As a mark of his faith and his recent victories, he named his new city Fatehpur Sikri. Akbar was a keen builder and the plan of Fatehpur Sikri reveals an architectural mastermind at work. Research has proved that it was planned on a definite mathematical grid.
The siting of the Jama Masjid marked the actual beginning of the city which came up around it. The palace courts were laid out parallel to the cardinally aligned mosque and the sequential order of the palaces were emphasised by change in level. The most public space was at the lowest level, while the royal harem was at the highest.
Fatehpur Sikri is built in red sandstone, and is a beautiful blend of Hindu and Islamic architectural elements. The sandstone is richly ornamented with carving and fretwork. Fatehpur Sikri was abandoned 14 years after its creation. A shortage of water is believed to be the reason. Today it is a ghost city, its architecture is in a perfect state of preservation, and wandering through the palaces it is easy to imagine that this was once a royal residence and a dynamic cultural centre.
Open Sun Rice to Sun Sed
Entrance Fee Rs 260 Camera Rs 25.
It was built by Akbar. He moved the capital from Agra to Fatepur Sikri. But due to shortage of water he had to give up this castle. There are Palace of Jodh Bai, Golden House, Diwan-i-Am, Diwan-i-Khasm Panch Mahal, Birbal Bhavan, Jama Masjid, Shalkh Salim, Chishtis and Buland Darwaza (gate of Jama Masjid) to see. Unfortunately when our bus arrived there, the sky was getting dark. So I only saw Buland Darwaza by myself. It really looked great on a huge stage of many steps!
Attention: Touts here could be really crazy...
Fatehpur Sikri was planned as a capital city by the great Akbar, but failed due to water shortness. And this might be the reason why we, as tourists, are able to visit these ruins as a beautiful ghost city, that did not change from ancient times.
It is a beautiful place worth at least a daytrip!
I don t know if I was lucky or maybe it is not well advertised but when I was there it was nearly empty.Apart from locals there were very few foreigners maybe because is not really accessible, you need a full day to get there from agra and enjoy properly the visit.The site is an abandoned palace but kept in fantastic conditions.There is lot to learn about Moghul architecture and their lifestyle here just wandering around the buildings.It is really amazing and people with any interest in history and architecture shouldn t miss it.
This is a magnificent place filled with rich history and architecture. It's the place with maharajahs of old get away from Agra and stay close to Fatehpur mosque which still stands and is still of significant importance till today.
Nice constrast with its red, earthy look compared to the cool white marble of Taj Mahal
It was the temporary capital of the Moghul Empire during the reign of Emperor Akbar (1570-1586), now a ghost city with impressive gateways and ornamented palaces built in red sandstone.
It is 40 km west of Agra.
See more pix on my Fatehpur Sikri page.
I think this place is a little overrated. The gate at the bottom of the city is very impressive but you won't be able to look at it for any length of time due to the aggresive hawkers that gather in this area.
Too many things to describe here.. tombs, mosque, gates, palaces, ponds, ...
Within an hour bus from Agra this ancient city is a must see in the region.. however i wouldn't recommend going there on the same day after your visit to the Taj and Agra Red Fort ... It may look less attractive after having seen so much beauty in the morning and you may feel the effect of an early rising in the middle of the afternoon ...
While the "ghost" city of Fatehpur Sikri is certainly interesting and attractive, the touts here are like mosquitos buzzing around your head.
At most tourist attractions in India, the touts are thick and heavy, but usually once you get inside you are safe for a little while anyway....
Not so here, they will be circling you, throwing post cards and trinkets at you from the time you arrive till you depart....
The town of Fatehpur Sikri, meaning 'city of victory', lies 35 kilometros from Agra and is now one of India's chief tourist attractions. The town was built by the Moghal King Akbar in 1571, who made it home, and then strangely abandond it altogether, for reasons which are not clear. It was used sparingly until it was largely abandoned altogether in 1748. It was left almost desolate, until the british sponsored restoration efforts in 1898. It is now a fascinating attraction, and another must see for visitors to Agra.
This is such a wonderful site that I thought it merited another tip, the quality of the stone carvings is fantastic, and the peaceful feeling here is refreshing after the noise and bustle of modern day India outside the walls
This city was only inhabited for 16 years and was abandoned in the late 16th century.
It was built on high ground looking out over what used to be a lake. There is a small town there now
it is an eerie place even when busy with tourists, the reason it was abandoned is still unclear, but the likliest reason is that the water supply failed, it is very well preserved and easily accessable from Agra
The places around Agra also form interesting tourist spots. The Mathura-Vrindavan region forms an important pilgrimage place for Hindus as it is closely associated with the birth and childhood of Lord Krishna, an important deity in the Hindu religious pantheon. Fatehpur Sikri A trip to Agra remains incomplete without a visit to the complex of exquisite pleasure palaces and the great Bulund Darwaza (Victory Gate) built by Akbar at Fatehpur Sikri -
yet another marvelous example of Mughal splendour.