The Red Fort, Agra
Agra Fort is a UNESCO World Heritage site located in Agra, India. The fort is also known as Lal Qila, Fort Rouge and Red Fort of Agra. It is about 2.5 km northwest of its much more famous sister monument, the Taj Mahal. The fort can be more accurately described as a walled palatial city.
The multiple holes and cranks of the palaces and building walls are used by a small colony of urban green parrots as a nesting side. The fort provides a peaceful environment for the birds far away from the noise and traffic of Agra city centre.
Agra fort is located on the west bank of the Yamuna River. Its impressive red sandstone double walls and gates protect this massive complex of courtyards, pavilions and palaces. A big moat (without water at present) surrounds the fort.
The main and only entrance to the fort is the Amar Singh Pol gate.
The construction of the Agra fort was started around 1565 when the initial structures were built by Akbar. Shah lahan replaced most of these with his marble creations. Some however survived, among them are- Delhi Gate, Amar Singh Gate, Akbari Mahal and the lahangiri Mahal.
The fort is crescent- shaped, flattened on the east with a long, nearly straight wall facing the river. It has a total perimeter of 2.4 km, and is ringed by double castellated ramparts of red sandstone punctuated at regular intervals by bastions. A 9mt. wide and 10mt.deep moat surrounds the outer wall. An imposing 22mt. high inner wall imparts a feeling of invincible defensive construction. The route through the Amar Singh gate is dog-legged. The layout of the fort was determined by the course of the river, which in those days flowed alongside. The main axis is parallel to the river and the walls bridge out towards the city.
If you have the Taj ticket then you have to pay 250 rupees(for foreigners) but if you don't then it's 300.
The Red Fort is an extraordinary red sandstone complex at Agra’s river. I really don’t know wish I liked more if Taj Mahal or Red Fort. Ok, I do know … I haven’t seen ever anything so beautiful as the Red Fort. Its situation, colour, building, water fountains inside, all makes this place unique. Red Fort is a city its self, an incredible rich in every aspect group of buildings and water places. It is said that the son of Shah Jehan recluse him here, and from here he look how the Taj Mahal was build. My God I want a jail like this one !!!!
Red Fort is include in the bonus you fave ot the 5 more important monuments, you have to pay 250R more.
The entrance was full, as at Taj Mahal, of seller and guides that didn't understood "No Thanks"
I think you should visit Taj and Red Fort in different days becuase both are very big and you will be very tired if you visit both the same day.
The courtyards of the palace were once packed with fountains and water tanks full of fish. The royals used to fish on them. At present these fountains are half empty but the views of the reflected surrounding buildings are worth a photo.
Agra's history goes back more than 2500 years, but the it wasn't until the reign of the Mughals that Agra became more than a provincial city. Agra's heydays came with the reign of Akbar The Great. During his reign, Agra fort's main part was built. Construction of the fort was between 1156 and 1605. Shah Jahan, who built the Taj Mahal, erected most of the buildings inside the fortress.
I noticed this hawk perched on top of one of the roofs of the royal pavilions. I have strong suspicions that the bird has developed a taste for green parrots and pigeons.
I also imagine that she is part of the fort staff keeping the parrots and pigeons at bay.
The fort has been built in 1565 as a military fort, but during the postponed empires, the structure got bigger and bigger and became the Agra Fort.
The area is pretty big and is an amazing place to discover.
Here you will find a lot of small/big buildings, great architectures, great view and great gardens, with an unbelievable view on the Taj Mahal.
You will find also a lot of people working, trying to bring back the past shine on some buildings.
The entry fee is quiet expensive, Rs 510 for foreigners, but that said, this place is absolutely a MUST and you cannot miss it.
For other picture of the Fort, please check out my travelogue...
This pic is Amar sing gate.
Agra fort was build by Emperor Akber, in 1565.Later on other rulers,Jahangir,Shah Jahan&Aurangzeb also build many buildings inside.Fort is big.Its doubel thick wall surrounded by 2 big ditches,now can see only one ditch.Inside like other Mugal fort,Palaces,Hall of public audience etc.
Although Agra fort has 4 gate only this gate is opend for public,other gates were closed.
Timing:sunrise to sunset.
Ticket for NRI is Rs300.
This is Khas Mahal,one of the beautiful building in AGRA FORT.
Its white marble structure.It was used as drawing room&bed room by Shah Jahan.
Infront of this Mahal can see grape garden or Angoori bagh.Old time soil for this Garden was brough from Kashmir.
The garden is surrounded by building on 3 sides,they were used by royal "harem" .Can see the pic at my Agrafort Travalogue.
This building was build by Jahangir,later on Sha Jahan was remodelled for Mumtaz Mahal.This octagonal building is over looking at river Yamuna.
This is the most beautiful building in the Fort complex,it was full of inlay work using semi precious colorful stones.Another significance of this building is ,Emperor Shah Jahan was kept as prisoner by his son Aurangzeb ,in his last years.From here you can see "Taj Mahal.
Shah Jahan lived his last years watching Taj Mahal.
More pics plz see my AGRA FORT travalogue.
The Agra Fort was mentioned for the first time in 1080 AD when a Ghaznavide force captured it. Sikandar Lodi (1487-1517) was the first Sultan of Delhi who shifted to Agra and lived in the fort. He governed the country from here and Agra assumed the importance of the second capital. He died in the fort in 1517 and his son, Ibrahim Lodi, held it for nine years until he was defeated and killed at Panipat in 1526. Several palaces, wells and a mosque were built by him in the fort during his period.
After Panipat, Mughals captured the fort. Babur stayed in the fort in the palace of Ibrahim. He built a baoli (step well) in it. Humayun was crowned here in 1530. Humayun was defeated in Bilgram in 1530. Sher Shah held the fort for five years. The Mughals defeated the Afghans finally at Panipat in 1556.
Realizing the importance of its central situation, Akbar decided to make it his capital and arrived in Agra in 1558. His historian, Abdul Fazal, recorded that this was a brick fort known as 'Badalgarh' . It was in a ruined condition and Akbar had it rebuilt with red sandstone. Architects laid the foundation and it was built with bricks in the inner core with sandstone on external surfaces. Some 1,444,000 builders worked on it for eight years, completing it in 1573.
It was only during the reign of Akbar's grandson, Shah Jahan, that the site finally took on its current state. The legend is that Shah Jahan built the beautiful Taj Mahal for his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Unlike his grandfather, Shah Jahan tended to have buildings made from white marble, often inlaid with gold or semi-precious gems. He destroyed some of the earlier buildings inside the fort in order to make his own. At the end of his life, Shah Jahan was imprisoned by his son, Aurangzeb, in the fort, a punishment which might not seem so harsh, considering the luxury of the fort. It is rumored that Shah Jahan died in Muasamman Burj, a tower with a marble balcony with an excellent view of the Taj Mahal.
This was also a site of one of the battles during the Indian rebellion of 1857, which caused the end of the British East India Company's rule in India, and led to a century of direct rule of India by Britain.
The external facade and entrance area of Agra Fort is very grand (see photos), especially when you first arrive by car or bus. Unlike the Taj Mahal which cannot be seen at the main entrance area, you can see the outline of the Agra Fort at the entrance.
The entrance area is very crowded with tourists, as well as lots of souvenir sellers and beggars so do be careful of your belongings. The souvenir sellers at the entrance area are also very aggressive and persistent, so it is very hard to shake them off (just politely say "no" repeatedly).
Agra Fort was built by Akbar in 1565 - 1573 and situated on the west bank of Yamuna river. just like another fortress in the world, this place has their own articial moats and double thick walls. and Amar Singh is the only one gate [from 4 gates] which opened for visitors. and the most beautiful palace inside this Agra Fort is the octagonal building Jahangiri Mahal. then the barracks inside of this red sandstones fortress were added in 19th century by the British.