Red fort is one of the great historical monument of India. First of all we will start from its name. It is known as red fort because there are too much use of red stones in construction of red fort. And because of extensive use of red stones in great walls of fort it is known as red fort (LAL QILA). In 1638 Mughal king shah jahan has decided to shift to shift his capital in delhi from agra and thus Shah jahan started the construction of red fort at the bank of yamuna river in old delhi. He assigns ustad ahmed and ustad hamid as a architect for constructing royal palace. Construction of red fort was completed by shah jahan in year of 1648. Red fort is originally known as 'Qila-i-Mubarak' . The reason behind this name is that it was the residence of royal family.
The attraction of red fort is the great and huge wall of red fort. The wall has two entrance one at the Lahore gate and other at the delhi gate. Lahore gate is the main entrence point of red fort. This wall is assuming that 2 km long which looks awesome in red stones. So friends this the great history behind Red fort which is constructed by the mughal king shah jahan in 1648. I must say that visit this place at least once in your life.Have a nice day.The Red Fort houses the Diwan-i-Aam or the Hall of Public Audiences, where the emperor would sit in a marbled paneled alcove, studded with gems, and hear the complaints of the common people. The Diwan-i-Khas or the Hall of Private Audience, was a place where the private audiences were granted. This hall was made of marble, and its centre was embellished with the Peacock Throne, which was studded with rubies and gems. Today, although the Diwan-i-Khas is only a pale shadow of its original glory, yet the verse of Amir Khusro ” If there is Paradise on the face of earth, it is here, it is here, it is here” reminds us of its former glory. The Rang Mahal or the ‘Palace of Colours’ as it is known, holds a spectacular Lotus-shaped fountain, made out of a single piece of marble, and housed the emperor’s wives and mistresses.
The other attractions enclosed within this monument are the hammams or the Royal Baths, the Shahi Burj, which used to be Shah Jahan’s private working area, and the Moti Masjid or the Pearl Mosque. Even today, the Red Fort (Lal Qila) is an eloquent reminder of the glory of the Mughal Empire.
This was the place where the famous Peacock Throne used to be kept. It was looted by Persian Invader Nader Shah in 1738, who returned to Persia ( present day of Iran) in 1739. After the death of Nader Shah ( he was assassinated in 1747) , the Peacock Throne is untraceable till date. It may be dismantled or melted. Some historian refer it was donated to The Ottomans or used by Shah of Iran Mohmmadd Reza Pehlvi.
The name comes from the shape of a throne, having the figures of two peacocks standing behind it, their tails being expanded and the whole so inlaid with sapphires, rubies, emeralds, pearls and other precious stones of appropriate colors as to represent life, created for the Mughal Badshah Shah Jahan of India in the 17th century, which was in his imperial capital Delhi's Public audience hall, the Diwan-i-Am. Shah Jahan had the famous Koh-i-noor diamond placed in this throne.
Visiting Delhi, the first thing a tourist want is to visit the famed Red Fort, it is situated just outside Old Delhi railway station and Jama Masjid & Chandni Chowk. The Fort lies along the Jamuna river and surrounded by moat. Inside the fort a full fledged bazar is there called the Meena Bazar.
Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, started construction of the massive fort in 1638 and work was completed in 1648 (10 years).The Red Fort was originally referred to as "Qila-i-Mubarak" (the blessed fort), because it was the residence of the royal family. The layout of the Red Fort was organised to retain and integrate this site with the Salimgarh Fort. The fortress palace was an important focal point of the medieval city of Shahjahanabad. The planning and aesthetics of the Red Fort represent the zenith of Mughal creativity which prevailed during the reign of Emperor Shah Jahan. This Fort has had many developments added on after its construction by Emperor Shahjahan. The significant phases of development were under Aurangzeb and later Mughal rulers. Important physical changes were carried out in the overall settings of the site after the Indian Mutiny in 1857. After Independence, the site experienced a few changes in terms of addition/alteration to the structures. During the British period the Fort was mainly used as a cantonment and even after Independence, a significant part of the Fort remained under the control of the Indian Army until the year 2003. The Red Fort is an attraction for tourists from around the world.
Its name, Hayat Bakhsh Bagh, translates to "life-bestowing garden" and it was the imperial garden of the Red Fort. A spacious lawn is bisected by a long water channel, which was fed by a fountain within a richly carved white marble pavilion at one end, and met at the other end by an identical pavilion. In the centre of the garden, the water filled a large pond with a red sandstone pavilion standing in the middle. This pavilion would have been accessible only by boat or a small gondola, but when I visited in March 2009, the pond and water channel were dry. It was left to my imagination to visualise how the Emperors had once seen this garden...
Although all of Delhi's many fortresses were built using reddish sandstone, only this one was worthy of being called the Red Fort (Lal Qila). It was commissioned by Emperor Shah Jahan in 1638 who subsequently moved his capital here from Agra and called it Shahjahanabad. This was the seventh iteration of the city of Delhi, which remained the Mughal capital intermittently until 1857 when the British completely extinguished Mughal rule, and up to this point the Red Fort had served as the residence of the Emperor and his court. Shahjahanabad is what is nowadays referred to as Old Delhi, the area west of the Red Fort. After 1857, the British used the Red Fort as a military base and made some modifications, but maintained its opulent pavilions and palaces that have made it the "Versailles" or "Topkapı" of Delhi. In 2007, the Red Fort was added by the UNESCO to the list of World Heritage Sites. Structures within the Fort are described individually further below on this page.
This series of European-style edifices was built by the British after they exiled the Mughal dynasty and took over the Red Fort in 1857. The buildings served as the headquarters and barracks of the British military, and much like the presence of the British soldiers in a Mughal fortress, they were very much out of place amid grand Mughal edifices.
Located just to the south of the chief wife's palace (Rang Mahal), Mumtaz Mahal is the women's palace and most private quarters. It is nowadays the Museum of Archeology which showcases some Mughal era objects.
A tiny mosque, Moti Masjid was built by Emperor Aurangzeb in 1660 for his own private use. It is an architectural jewel for it is entirely built in white marble, carved with the most beautiful floral designs. Due to its whiteness, it earned the name "Pearl Mosque" (moti = pearl). It is topped by three onion-shaped domes and many small minarets in the form of lotus flowers.
One of the first structures one encounters when visiting the interior of the Red Fort, Naubat Khana was the "Drum House". Musicians played music from this pavilion for the Emperor and his guests. It is built of red sandstone and decorated with floral patters and pointed or polyfoil arches.
Diwan-i-Khas, which translates to the "Hall of the Private Audience", was where the Mughal Emperor met his closest subjects. It is built of white marble and decorated with exquisite floral motifs. This is one of the most opulent structures in the Red Fort, yet it is said to have been even more luxurious before its entire silver ceiling was stripped and replaced in the 18th century.
This sumptuous palace within the Red Fort was the residence of the chief wife of the Mughal Emperor. Its name, Rang Mahal, means "Palace of Colour" in reference to painted interior which has all but faded. Still, the opulence of the palace is visible and it has retained some of the gilded decorations. A water channel ran through the palace to allow water to flow into a central lotus-shaped fountain.
Khas Mahal was the "Private Palace" or quarters of the Mughal Emperor himself. Richly decorated, the palace contained various private chambers and a balcony overlooking the Yamuna River, which once flowed right by the Fort.
Diwan-i-Aam was the "Hall of Public Audience" where the Emperor received his subjects. It was constructed from red sandstone and consisted of an open hypostyle hall with 60 pillars supporting polyfoil arches, which were originally adorned with precious stones before the stones were stolen in the 19th century. The repetitive pillars, arches and non extant precious stones, must have once dazzled the Emperor's subjects, but all eyes would have been on the Emperor who would have been seated in his intricately carved white marble throne in the centre of the hall.
This incredibly impressive fort was constructed between 1638 and 1648. The walls are a whopping 2kms in length and tower 18m over the river and a staggering 33m over the city! It is a Mughal fort but Shah Jahan never quite managed to get the capital to Delhi from Agra because of household problems (namely his son throwing him into prison!)
You enter the fort (costs 250INR, children under 12 are free) through the Lahore Gate, imaginatively called thus because it faces Lahore, Pakistan. This leads you to Chatta Chowk which is a rather uninspiring touristy bazaar.
There are plenty of (wonderful) buildings within the fort (including the Diwan-i-Khas which has a (Persian) inscription "if there is a paradise on the earth - this is it. this is it. this is it" and were it not for the rather more 'exotic' style of archetecture, one could, within the grounds, almost be forgiven for thinking they were strolling around an English country garden!
The fort was laid out in a rough octagonal shape along the river Yumana. The wall has a circumference of 2.4 km. The two main entrances are the Delhi Gate and the Lahore Gate, facing Chandri Chowk market.
It is open daily, except Mondays, from sunrise to sunset. Entrance is 100 rupees and cameras are free. Videos are 25 rupees.
It was built when Shah Jahan moved the Moghul capital from Agra to Delhi, and was completed in 1648. A lot of damage was done after the Mutiny at the end of the Moghul Empire.
Our guide told us there was nothing worth going inside to see........but others beg to differ.