Borobudur is a combination of 2 words: BARA and BUDUR. Bara is actually derived from a Sanskrit word VIHARA which means a complex of temples, monastery or dormitory. While BUDUR is derived from the Balinese BIDUHUR, which means high.
Therefore Borobudur means a temple high on top of a hill.
Favorite thing: The ticket you had purchased to enter Borobudor or Prambanan is good for the day itself, meaning you can exit and visit the sites as many times as you wish, as you move around. This allows you, especially for photographers, to take pictures of the sites at different time of the day.
A stupa is the highest symbol of Buddhism.
It used to be where the bones or ashes of the body of the Buddha were kept. Back then it was called a dagoba. Now it has become a monument to remember the important events in the life of the Buddha.
Favorite thing: Visas for Indonesia are generally issued on arrival. The process is quiet easy and does not take more then a few minutes. However if you have a passport of the following countries you need to get your visa in advance: Spain, Netherlands, Belgium, Kenya, Ireland, Russia and Mexico. On our last arrival the above nationalities were not allowed to go ashore - since they had no visa in their passports.
I was asked at the entrance if I would like to have a guide. I certainly needed one, as I wanted to have as much information on this temple as possible. The guide that was allocated to me was called Sali and I had to pay IDR 40 K for his service. For next one hour, Sali was to enlighten me on the history of Borobudur temples and I had kept my pen, paper and the cameras ready.
Fondest memory: Sali was one of the several original inhabitants of Borobudur and his family was displaced when the Indonesian Govt decided to come up with a park around the temple complex. The family was not amply compensated for the displacement, but many adults were given training by the Govt to become guides and earn livelihood. Good idea I believe. Sali explained to me in details about the temple, the significance of its peculiar structure, its bas reliefs and the stories related to it and the various layers of the temple and also about enlightenment or Nirwana, as you move upwards to the top of the temple.
Like in any Asian countries, there are different entrance fees to enter the Borobudur; for foreigners and for local. And of course foreign tourists being charged higher.
But because my language is so similar to Bahasa Indonesia, they charged me the local rate, thinking I was an Indonesian.
And I just shut up ;)
The Borobudur Temple is considered as one of the seven wonders of the world. This temple is located at Borobudur District, South of Magelang, Central Java.
Fondest memory: I hardly can remember any thing as I was 2 years old when I have visited this place,I have couple of pictures of myslef ,I might add these pictures later on:D
there are many books about borobudur can be used as preferences. from culture, architect, legend, religious articles and so on as topics. all of them are always interesting and remain a mysterious feeling.
here several of further readings about bhumisabharabuddhara:
- borobudur by daoed joesoef [ex-minister of culture and education of the republic of indonesia], 2004
- ageless borobudur by aj bernet kempers, 1976
- candi borobudur by soekmono, 1978
- the symbolic numbers and shapes of borobudur by tine kurent, 1985
standing there at the top of borobudur, if the weather is very clear will be like another feeling “top of the world”. can be seen menoreh hills, 2 rivers that united by one as kali progo [the 2 rivers are kali progo and kali elo] and also small temples so called candi mendut and candi pawon within the same line as borobudur.
many theories has been told about its location. by those rivers probably borobudur situated in a lake refer to the one symbolic buddha’s presence in a lotus pond. another theory said, it’s on the top of the hill as a symbol ‘all condition in this universe will goes to the mighty one at the top of the place’ and it means on the top of the hills because this temple is dedicated to the one of this universe. high up to the sky.
then, back to its place with menoreh hills as the background. if you see very very details of the menoreh, can get image about profile of a man who is laying – complete with his face, nose, lips and the body. that’s said as sang gunadharma, the creator and the guard of holy borobudur temple. but there’s no specific data about who is the creator of the temple. also this was a project by single creator or several person. the things that already known, borobudur built in the reigning of syailendra dynasty in hindu-java period between 650 – 930 ad in central java
Favorite thing: after the theories of location and the creator, borobudur also has mysterious name. ‘till nowadays not yet known the exact name of this buddhist temple. once said as ‘buddha-ur’ or vihara buddha-ur, a vihara [monastery] of the hills [of menoreh]. or another theory said the real name’s ‘bharabuddha’ or buddha worshippers. the other theory said, borobudur name was derived from word ‘boro’ [the great] and ‘buddhara’ [buddha]. then another is ‘bhumisambhara’ or a hill that build from 10 of the good things of the bodhisattva.
I would recommend two books:
1) Borobudur - The Golden Tales of Buddhas (See picture). Nice, colourful pictures of the bas-reliefs from the monument. The book is available in Kuala Lumpur, so I had the chance to read it before the trip. I am glad that I did because it gave me a deeper understanding and allowed me to appreciate the monument more when I was there.
I have seen this book in a bookshop in Malioboro Mall, Yogyakarta (around Rp200,000). It is also being sold by the street peddlers at Borobudur, at a highly marked up price.
2) Chandi Borobudur - A Monument of Mankind by Dr. Soekmono. Can be very technical but gives a very comprehensive guide to Borobudur. It can be downloaded from the net. FREE!