Its name is MAHAMERU (Maha = great/mighty). It is certainly a great mountain. This is an active volcano, which is considered as one of the notorious volcanoes in Indonesia.
Mt. Semeru is the highest mountain in Java (3,677 m)
The mountain is located in the Bromo-Tengger-Semeru National Park, which cover a wide area including some other mountains: Mt Bromo (2,392m), Mt. Batok (2,470m), Mt. Kursi (2,581m), Mt.Watangan (2,662m), and Mt.Widodaren (2,650m).
Usually it takes around 3-4 days to climb to the summit of Mt. Semeru. The area can be reached from Malang or Lumajang.
From Malang, we should go to Tumpang. Here we can find jeep, which can take us to the first post Ranu Pani. First we need to stop by in Gubugklakah and get the permission to climb the mountain.
Ranu Pani is the last village on the way to Mt. Semeru. From here we must walk up.
The next stop is Ranu Kumbolo, which is about 9,3 kilometers from Ranu Pani. If you arrive in the afternoon, you can build tent and stay overnight. The lake in Ranu Kumbolo is clean (it can be used for drinking), and the scenery is beautiful.
The next stop after Ranu Kumbolo is Kalimati, and the distance is about 5 kilometers. It’s better to take water as many as possible from the Ranu Kumbolo for the next walk. Many climbers choose to rest in Kalimati before climbing to the summit of Semeru at midnight.
The other option is to stop in Arcopodo, about 1 kilometer from Kalimati. However, the land is a bit unstable and landslide often occurs. Arcopodo is the last forest in Semeru area before climbing the peak. Be cautious when climbing. To see the sunrise on top of the mountain, people usually climb at 2 AM.
It’s better not to be too close to the crater because you may be caught by gas and lava from the volcanic activity, especially approaching the crater from the south side.
Best time to climb: June – September
This Mandarin Oriental Hotel (Majapahit Hotel), known as Yamato Hotel in the past, has a historical background related to the history of Surabaya itself. Every year there is a celebration of the Patriotic Day (on 10 November) taking place in front of this hotel.
The hotel is a five star hotel with a nice garden.
Source of photo: (click on photo library)
I don't really like big cities and I don't think Surabaya has much to see or do. So if u feel the same way, go to other nice places nearby.
Tretes is one of the most favorite weekend getaway for Surabayans, approx. one hour driving by car, up to the mountain. It's like Puncak for Jakartans.
Well, nothing much to do in Tretes either, but at least u get cooler weather and the view :-)
Many hotels and resorts to stay, one of the best is Tretes Raya Hotel & Resort.
After the SUNRISE,you might walk over to the Balinese style temple and continue around Mount Batok.Today the Tengger (BROMO's People ) are the the only people in East Java who practice the Hindu religion openly. They call their religion Buddha Mahayana.
The sea crossing from East Java's mainland to the small island of Madura takes just half an hour. A regular ferry service transports cars and passengers across the narrow strait between Surabaya's harbour of Tanjung Perak and Kamal on Madura's south west coast. Measuring some 160 km in length and about 40 across at its widest point, Madura supports a population of close to 2.3 million inhabitants, most of whom are farmers or fishermen.
Although the island is a part of the province of East Java, it is home to a completely separate ethnic group, which has its own language and customs. Renowned over the centuries for their sailing prowess, the Madurese are a tough, high spirited people, whose character appears well suited to the harsh climate and dry landscape.
Madura's most famous attraction is the annual bull racing (kerapan sap)), which takes place during the dry season in August and September. These exciting and colourful tournaments consist of a race between two pairs of bulls, each team pulling a rider and sled. Following a series of heats, which take place in different parts of the island for some weeks, the highlight of the season occurs when the finals are held in Pamekasan, Madura's capital. Recently a new bull racing stadium has been built in Bangkalan with the object of attracting more tourists to the island.
Madura is not so large and it is possible to travel the whole way round it in a couple of days. However, there is quite alot to see and more time is needed to explore even the major places of interest.
Starting at Kamal and moving along the souther coast, the first stop is the town of Sampang, nea r to which lies Camplong Beach. The best time to be here is shortly after sunrise or at dusk, when the blue sailed Madurese fishing boats (prahu are either arriving or setting off. The air is cleare at these times and from the beach there is a Good view of the mountain ranges on the mainland to the south.
Just over 30 km beyond Sampang is the capita; city of Pamekasan. There is not much for the visitor to see here unless it is bull racing season The town of Sumenep on the north eastern end of the island, while smaller than Pamekasan, is more vibrant and has some interesting historical sites as well as some good beaches nearby. The city's old palace (kraton) and museum are worth visiting, as is the large Jamiq mosque with its green tiered roof. Above the town is the royal mausoleum called Asta Tinggi, from where there are good views of the town and coast beyond.
The most popular and well known of East Java's tourist attractions is undoubtedly Mt Bromo. The pre-dawn departure and trek across the mountain's famous 'sand sea', to watch the sunrise at the crater rim, has become something of a ritual, enacted daily by people of every nationality.
Bromo is actually just one crater in the vast, 800 km2 Tengger massif, which forms the largest of East Java's five main volcanic ranges. Although by no means the highest mountain in the region (2392m), it has gained its reputation partly because of its unique location and partly through the reverence shown to it by the local inhabitants. A legend connected with Mt Bromo tells of the origin of the Tenggerese people. According to the story, it was during the closing years of the 15th century, when the East Javanese empire of Majapahit was in decline, that a princess of the kingdom, named Roro Anteng, and her husband Joko Seger, retreated to the Bromo region and established a separate principality, which they named Tengger, a combination of the last syllables of each of their names. The region, it is said, de veloped and prospered, yet no descendants were born to the ruling couple.
In despair, Roro Anteng and Joko Seger climbed to the top of Mt Bromo and prayed to the gods, asking for their help. The gods consented to the request on the condition that the last child born be sacrificed in the crater of the mountain. This agreed, the royal couple returned home happily and it wasn't long before the princess gave birth to their first child. In fact, the gods turned out to be more than generous and in the following years 24 more children were born. However, when the princess learned that the twenty fifth child, named Kesuma, was to be the last and thus the one to be sacrificed, she could not bring herself to fulfil her part of the bargain. In anger, the gods threatened fire and brimstone from the smoking volcano and eventually there was no alternative but to throw the child into the crater.
Shortly after the sacrifice had been made, the child's voice was heard, ordering the Tengger people and their descendants to perform an annual ceremony at Mt Bromo, to commemorate the event and to appease the anger of the gods.
To this day, the Kasodo ceremony, held on the 14th day of the Tenggerese month of Kasodo (December), is the biggest event of the year for the people of Mt Bromo. Ritual prayers and traditional performances are held at the village of Ngadisari, after which crowds gather on the sand sea surrounding the mountain for the climax of the ceremony at midnight, when livestock and agricultural produce are flung into the crater. Now a days, as an additional attraction arranged to coincide with the Kasodo ceremony, bull races are organized at the village of Muneng Probolinggo
The Tengger Range is one of eight official nature reserves in East Java and centres around the peaks of Mts. Bromo and Semeru. Most of the area is more than 2000 metres above sea level, Mt Semeru itself being Java's highest mountain at 3,676m.
There are several ways to get to the Bromo/Semeru Reserve. The well worn route is from the north coastal town of Probolinggo, 60 km away. A reasonably good road winds its way south and up into the hills via Sukapura, ending at Ngadisari, one of the largest of the 38 traditional Tenggerese villages. For those wishing specifically to visit Mt Bromo, this is the best route, since there is accommodation at Ngadisari, as well as at Cemara Lawang on the edge of the sand sea above the village. The most comfortable place to stay is at the brand new Hotel Grand Bromo at Sukapura, which was officially opened early in 1990. Thoughtfully designed to blend in with the contours of the landscape, the hotel offers pleasantly furnished rooms and a very efficient hot water system. Organized tours are available from here to Mt Bromo and other places of interest nearby.
An alternative route, from the north west, leads from Pasuruan on the coast through Wonokitri and Tosari, to the summit of Mt Penanjakan on the edge of the sand sea. This is rapidly becoming the favoured spot to welcome the dawn, since it is the highest point in the vicinity and offers a spectacular view of Mt Semeru and the entire Bromo caldera. As yet, however, there is only limited simple accommodation at Tosari.
Anyone travelling on a clear day across the narrow strait separating East Java and Bali will almost certainly be impressed by the two towering mountain peaks dominating the Javanese horizon. These are the summits of Mt Merapi and the crater rim of Ijen, just two points lying on the edge of a vast caldera, which at its widest point is some 20 km in diameter.
The Ijen plateau lies in the centre of the Ijen Merapi-Maelang Reserve, which extends over much of the mountainous region directly west of Banyuwangi and borders on the Baluran National Park in the north east. As at Bromo, the caldera is best viewed from the air. Fortunately, almost all commercial flights operating between Denpasar and Surabaya, Yogyakarta or Jakarta usually fly, if not directly over, then close by the Ijen plateau, where the seemingly luminous blue/green crater lake forms an unmistakeable landmark. The lake lies at the far eastern end of the plateau and is without doubt among the most impressive of East Java's natural wonders. Despite the long and arduous journey along punishing roads (a four wheel drive vehicle is essential), the trip to Ijen is more than worth the effort and is sure to prove an unforgettable experience for anyone who makes it to the end of the trail.
Kawah (crater) Ijen can be reached from either the east or the west. The latter is the more popular approach, since the climb from the road's end to the edge of the lake is only one and a half hours. The road from Banyuwangi, on the other hand, involves a six to seven hour trek from the village of Licin. The western route starts from Wonosari, a few kilometres outside Bondowoso, the town famous for its bull fights. A narrow road, full of potholes, runs east and up from Wonosari, rapidly deteriorating into bone shaking loose rock and gravel. Seemingly endless hairpin bends ascend into forests of casuarina (cemara) trees, giving way to pine forests and coffee plantations. The temperature drops. At night, near the crater rim, it can fall to about 5 degrees celsius. The road ends at Jampit, where very basic shelter is available. It is also possible to sleep in the old vulcanology station further up the hill, now used by sulphur collectors, but permission must be obtained in advance.
Orange Hotel - now Mandarin Hotel
This Orange Hotel was the witness of Surabaya people struggle against the Dutch colonial occupation. Now it has been changed to Mandarin Hotel, but surely.. some haunted stories still there.
Visits to Kali Mas Harbour, home to the traditional Pinisi schooners and Asia’s oldest trading port, the 15th century Sunan Ngampel mosque, the Arab and Chinese quarters as well as the legendary.
Shopping and Museum
The Plazas Tunjungan I, II and III and Plaza Surabaya are five star shopping malls offering everything under the sun including branded products for price lower than any where in South East Asia. On Jalan Raya Darmo you will find the Mpu Tantular Ethnographic Museum. Displays include stone relics from the Majapahit era, as well as Chinese ceramics and early batik making tools.
The Surabaya Zoo, located just a short walk from the Mpu museum, with its more than 500 species, including the fearsome Komodo Dragon, is among the most complete collections of wildlife in South East Asia.
visit SARANGAN, a small lake near borderline of East Java (with central java). located at the slope of Gunung Lawu, 1287 m above sea level. As a tourist destination, it has been known since the Dutch time. Here Dutch officials used to spend their weekends. so it is not surprising that around the lake, villas of European archiecture can still be found.
you can hire a horse to walk around this lake or a motor boat to surf over it.
It has an interesting animal collection including the Komodo dragon.
Open from 7 AM to 5 PM
Admission: Rp. 5,000
This beautiful mosque is built in Chinese style. We bumped into a group of kindergarten students and their very friendly teachers outside the building and they happily posed for photos.
This is a busy working harbour with lots of lorries coming and going. Good for taking pictures of ships being loaded or unloaded.
This Russian submarine is worth a look. You can wander around inside after paying around 5000Rp admission fee. It is open from 9am - 9pm.
Local bike. Seat is in front of the rider. Your view is good. While the bike was running, it's breezy especially after the monsoon shower in the afternoon.
Very local and is what you must try.