Located close to Mt. Bromo, Mount Penanjakan is the best place to get a complete view of Bromo-Tengger-Semeru National Park. You will be able to see Mt. Bromo and Mt. Semeru all together.
Mt. Penanjakan is 2,770 meters above sea level. There is a look out point where you can stand and enjoy the sunrise.
Sunrise is between 4.30 - 5.30 AM.
Sunset is 4.30 - 5.30 PM
More info about Bromo-Tengger-Semeru National Park, click on the link below
Its name is MAHAMERU (Maha = great/mighty). It is certainly a great mountain. This is an active volcano, which is considered as one of the notorious volcanoes in Indonesia.
Mt. Semeru is the highest mountain in Java (3,677 m)
The mountain is located in the Bromo-Tengger-Semeru National Park, which cover a wide area including some other mountains: Mt Bromo (2,392m), Mt. Batok (2,470m), Mt. Kursi (2,581m), Mt.Watangan (2,662m), and Mt.Widodaren (2,650m).
Usually it takes around 3-4 days to climb to the summit of Mt. Semeru. The area can be reached from Malang or Lumajang.
From Malang, we should go to Tumpang. Here we can find jeep, which can take us to the first post Ranu Pani. First we need to stop by in Gubugklakah and get the permission to climb the mountain.
Ranu Pani is the last village on the way to Mt. Semeru. From here we must walk up.
The next stop is Ranu Kumbolo, which is about 9,3 kilometers from Ranu Pani. If you arrive in the afternoon, you can build tent and stay overnight. The lake in Ranu Kumbolo is clean (it can be used for drinking), and the scenery is beautiful.
The next stop after Ranu Kumbolo is Kalimati, and the distance is about 5 kilometers. It’s better to take water as many as possible from the Ranu Kumbolo for the next walk. Many climbers choose to rest in Kalimati before climbing to the summit of Semeru at midnight.
The other option is to stop in Arcopodo, about 1 kilometer from Kalimati. However, the land is a bit unstable and landslide often occurs. Arcopodo is the last forest in Semeru area before climbing the peak. Be cautious when climbing. To see the sunrise on top of the mountain, people usually climb at 2 AM.
It’s better not to be too close to the crater because you may be caught by gas and lava from the volcanic activity, especially approaching the crater from the south side.
Best time to climb: June – September
An active volcano, Mt Bromo is the most popular tourist destination in this area. The mountain is located in Ngadisari-Probolinggo, about 3,5 hours driving from Surabaya city.
Mt Bromo can easily be reached by car. However, visitors need to walk, ride a horse, or take jeep to get close to the mountain itself. We can climb up the stairs to go up to its peak.
What you can see here?
- The sunrise. Many visitors go to this mountain to see the sunrise. You can stay in the hotels there and get up in the morning to walk up the summit, or drive down there at midnight from Surabaya. I have done both ways.
- The mountain areas. The area around Mt. Bromo is beautiful to enjoy.
- The Hindu temple. There is a small Hindu Temple in this area. If you are interested, you can stop a while there.
I write more about Bromo Tengger National Park on my Tengger Caldera page. Click the link below
This Mandarin Oriental Hotel (Majapahit Hotel), known as Yamato Hotel in the past, has a historical background related to the history of Surabaya itself. Every year there is a celebration of the Patriotic Day (on 10 November) taking place in front of this hotel.
The hotel is a five star hotel with a nice garden.
Source of photo: (click on photo library)
The north region of Surabaya is the oldest area in town as the first settlements started from the north where the Port is located.
There are many nice buildings around the Old Town area, related to the Dutch Colonialism in the past.
A combination of museum and cafe, this House of Sampoerna is an interesting place to visit.
The museum belongs to the Sampoerna family, one of the conglomerates in Indonesia. Located in the original building where the founder of the HM Sampoerna company started the cigarette business, the museum displays some of the memorable items related to the company. Visitors can see the the traditional making of cigarette.
Sometimes there is an art exhibition here such as painting exhibition
Sunday to Thursday: 9 AM - 10 PM
Friday & Saturday: 9 AM - NOON
Wage Rudolf Supratman is one of the Indonesian heros. He is the composer of the Indonesian National anthem.
The statue of WR Supratman in this picture is located in his graveyard.
I put more photos in the travelodge.
The House of Sampoerna is situated in old Surabaya in a stately colonical-style building... Before being bought over by its founder, Liem Seeng Tee, to be used as its first major cigerette production facility, it was used as a Dutch orphanage...
Today, it is still used as a production plant for Indonesia's most pretigious cigarette ~ Dji Sam Soe... In addition, the original central auditorium is now a museum and the east side has been transformed to house a cafe, a merchandise kiosk and an art gallery....
The House is opened to the public daily from 9am to 10pm except on Idul Fitri Holiday... There is no admission fee charged and no prior arrangement is required... Just walk in...
During the 15th century in the reign of the Ming Dynasty in China, Admiral Cheng Ho arrived in Semarang in 1410 and 1416 with his armada to spread Islam to Java... With many Chinese converted to Islam, it was then decided to build a Chinese mosque... In 2002, the Muhammad Cheng Ho mosque was completed and opened for worship... It was built in Chinese architecture form...
Chinese Square is basically what is called "China Town" in other countries.
This business district is well known area in town.
In the evening, this Kembang Jepun street is closed for vehicles. This area is called "Kya-Kya" Center (in Chinese, "Kya-Kya" means "walking around"). So people can walk around and enjoy this area. There are many food vendors also. Visitors can stop and have dinner there.
The Hero's Monument or Tugu Pahlawan is dedicated to the fallen heros of Surabaya during the Independence War of 1945-49... Although there are many military statues in and around Surabaya, the Tugu Pahlawan is certainly the most imposing... The monument stands majestically in Taman Kebonrojo in Central Suarbaya..
The Heroes Monument stands like a rocket pointed towards the moon... It is not ornate or even decorative or particularly large, but its simplicity may have been the deliberate plan of its architect to convey humble, rather than bellicose pride... Adjoining the monument is a museum where the history of the struggle of the people of Surabaya during the war are recorded and exhibited...
Nice view if you can get a spot, it was totally crowded when I was there.
It's best if you can catch the sunrise too.
It's a 3 hours ride from Surabaya, you can bargain for a tour package including:
A. 2D1N Bromo (for Rp 450,000.00)
-1 night accomodation at Bromo
-Jeep ride to mt. Penanjakan for sunrise
-Horse ride to mt. Bromo
B. Midnight Bromo (for Rp 450,000.00)
-Jeep ride to mt. Penanjakan for sunrise
-Horse ride to mt. Bromo
Mt Bromo is a active volcano and is easily reached from Surabaya. Its takes more or less 3.5 hours from Surabaya. I went to Mt Penanjakan to get a good view of Bromo and Mt Semeru which is the highest mountain in Java. Mt Penanjak is higher than Mt Bromo so you its worth the trip. Mt Bromo is also nice for the Sun Rise as everyone says and being on Mt Penanjan I can see why.
Grahadi Building is now used as a convention hall and the official residence of the East Jaya Governor... It was built in 1795 by the then Dutch Commissioner Dick van Hogendorp (1974 to 1798)... It is a fine piece of Dutch architecture that remains elegant and imposing...
The Red Bridge (or Jambatan Merah to the locals) is so named because the railings of the bridge is painted in bright red... Once the heart of colonial Surabaya, when the Red Bridge neighbourhood was at its prime, it was the geographical centre of the city... being halfway between the docks in the north and the administrative precinct in the south...
Jambatan Merah is also of historical significant to the history of Indonesia... The Battle of Surabaya began on November 10, 1945, less than 3 months after the proclamation of the Indonesian Independence Day which was read in Jakarta... To maintain its dominance after the end fo the Second World War, the Dutch was helped by the British in Surabaya... The most savage fighting ever seen in Java was in the vicinity of the Red Bridge... It was on the Red Bridge that the British Brigader General Mallaby lost his life in battle...