When travelling up Mt Penanjakan I saw all these vegetables been grown on the lower slopes by the locals there. They also seem to be transporting the vegetables by bike. Its amazing to see how they farming on these steep slopes so high in the mountains.
Sometimes people do special things other people donot understand, although in the heart the feeling is good about those "special things". The "Entas-entas" ritual by the Tenggerese is a 3-day ceremony to purify the souls of their deads. 3 Categories of spirits are represented by little figurines (named Petra, included the female and the male form), prepared from leaves, flowers, herbs. The purification (Palukaten) is held on the 3d day when the Petra is placed in clay pots contaning coins. Later the Petra is burned ...
This is very interesting compared with the biblical myths about the rose-red city of Petra, an ancient Edomite city and, the capital city of the Nabateans ... the prepared place of a hiding place.
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It's well-known Islam is the dominant religion in Indonesia, practiced by nearly 85 % of the population. Hinduism, widespread in the archipelago before the 14th century, is now mainly practiced by the Balinese, and the Tenggerese. Last have refused Islam, although shown sympathy, too, and shown little response towards Islam. Their beliefs still is mixed with animism, belief that non-living objects have spirits ... so the Tenggerese make offerings to please various gods, to the spirits of their deceased ancestors and to spirits conected with certain places.
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For conversation, we can use local sub-dialect of east Java style lingo since the local adopted several Java vocabulary for daily conversation. As an "open" place from Probolinggo, Malang, Pasuruan and Lumajang, yes, we can use east Java lingo as well. And do not forget to say "amit, nggih" if you want to take picture or touch their stuffs [for seller]. Amit just like "nyuwun sewu" in central Java dialect, but less polite [yes, the highest is always taken from central Java lingo :)].
People of Tengger are Hindu, not muslim or christian like another Javanese people. The story dating back to the ancient Majapahit era, when Islam spread to east Java by the merchants from Middle East and the kings of central Java. The people and kingdom of east Java separated into 2; going up to Bromo crater [who still be there nowadays as Tenggerese] and another move to Bali [Balinese] and also extended to Lombok island [the King of Karangasem geniality >> see later on my Lombok and Ampenan pages at Nusa Tenggara section].
Opposite of the very friendly guesthouse in Ranopani is a tiny little church.
Just before leaving for another day hiking I visited the church, where songs of praise and music were performed. People were so friendly.
Also I saw an equally tiny mosk and -if I'm right- a mini hindi temple. Freedom of religion has another meaning here than in most parts of Indonesia.
This is on the feet of mount Bromo, where the local people boiled water use this ketel, mean kettle ... Cos water is hard to find here....all you can see here just flat sea sand, and mount ....
If their horse not rent by tourist, then the owner will take a rest just laying on the sand...under the blisteringly sun.