Tengger Caldera Things to Do

  • A cliff between Bromo and Batok
    A cliff between Bromo and Batok
    by meiyergani
  • Start of trail and first crossing
    Start of trail and first crossing
    by theo1006
  • Don't forget to look up
    Don't forget to look up
    by theo1006

Most Recent Things to Do in Tengger Caldera

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    Madakaripura waterfall

    by theo1006 Written Jul 13, 2014

    Madakaripura waterfall in a short time has become famous as an extra to a Bromo tour. We already knew a similar one, Lawe fall on Ungaran mountain, but we have to admit: Madakaripura beats them all. It really is the most spectacular fall we know in Java!

    The 1.5 km walk along the river banks to the fall takes about 20 minutes. There used to be a concrete walkway along the bank, but it has been washed away by the river in many places. That is why one has to ford the river six times from one bank to the other and a guide is advisable. When the river is swollen by rain access to the fall is altogether too hazardous. Don't pay too much for a guide though. They wanted Rp 150,000 from us; we said Rp 50,000 or nothing and started walking in our own. Then one came running after us: “Ok, ok, 50,000.”

    Bring an umbrella or plastic raincoat, else you have to hire one. Because before you reach the main fall several others come raining down on you.

    The fall is not only frequented by tourists. Hindu's from the neighbourhood and from Bali come here to worship and leave small offerings and coins. Our guide - himself a Hindu - confided: “We collect the coins.” At the start of the trail stands a prominent statue of Patih (prime minister) Gajah Mada of Majapahit kingdom, who is recorded to have come to the fall for meditation.

    Admission: Rp 3,000 p.p., Rp 5,000 for a car, parking another Rp 5,000.%
    Directions: After exiting Sukapura village when coming down from Cemoro Lawang, take the turnoff left direction Tongas and Surabaya. After about 6 km along this road, at Lumbang village, a sign points left to the fall. From there it is 8 km to the parking and ticket booth along a narrow mountain road.

    Don't forget to look up Start of trail and first crossing Main fall and pool Pass under these falls Hindu worshipers at Madakaripura
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    Walking the sand to Bromo volcano

    by theo1006 Updated Jul 5, 2014

    To appreciate the scale of Tengger Caldera one should walk, at least the last km to the foot of the Bromo stairs. The first half of the track is pretty level, but after that it starts rising. Horses following the same route may stir up a lot of dust. Pay attention to the direction of the wind and walk on the upwind side. Or better still, follow the less used path at some distance from the horse track.

    Walking to Bromo volcano Gradually the track becomes steeper Looking back how far we have come Going down an alternative track
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    MOUNT BROMO

    by meiyergani Written Jun 7, 2014

    Mount Bromo (2,329 m) is easily recognized as the entire top has been blown off and the crater inside constantly belches white sulfurous smoke. It sits inside the massive Tengger caldera (diameter approximately 10 km), surrounded by the Laut Pasir (Sea of Sand) of fine volcanic sand, and inactive of Mount Batok with rather brown in color which stand elegantly beside Mount Bromo, both are present a very stunning beauty of sands and nature, especially when compared to the lush green valleys all around the caldera. The mountain is often closed due to its highly active nature.

    A cliff between Bromo and Batok
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    The Hindu Temple

    by blue_sky04 Updated Apr 4, 2011

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    There is a small Hindu Temple located around this National Park. The religion of people living in this area is mostly Hindu. One of the traditional customs that these Tenggeresse people still practice is the Kasada Ceremony.

    More story about Tenggeresse people and the Hindu Temple, visit the website below

    The Hindu Temple
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    Gunung Bromo

    by robertgaz Written Jul 24, 2010

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    The steaming cone of Bromo rises from the Tengger caldera, set in a sea of ashen, volcanic sand. Nearby is Gunung Semeru (3,676m), Java's highest peak and one of it's most active volcanoes.

    Whilst watching the sunrise ove Bromo, Semeru welcomed the new dawn with a small puff of volcanic smoke as if to herald the beginning of a new day and to remind us who is in charge here.

    I was first inspired to travel to Bromo by my Virtual Tourist friends from the Philippines, Isa and Monina. They were accompanied to Bromo by a friendly local, Mohamad Ikhsan. After many emails between Ikhsan and myself he agreed to take me to Bromo as well as it is one of his favourite places.

    I met up with Ikhsan in Malang, where he now lives and works, and from there we ventured by road to Bromo-Tengger-Semeru National Park. We stayed overnight at the Hotel Bromo Permai I, which is possibly the best hotel in the centre of Cemara Lawang. The rooms are comfortable but certainly not plush.

    Our adventure to Bromo started with a 3am get up to travel by jeep over a narrow, winding and pot holed road,to the top of Gunung Penanjakan. After a brief walk from the carpark to the viewing platform you wait with like-minded travellers to watch the sunrise over the Tengger caldera.

    After countless photo opportunities the jeeps take you back down the mountain and across the geologically unstable Sea of Sand toa carpark near the base of Bromo.

    From the carpark you can either walk or ride by horse across the Sea of Sand to the base of Bromo where you can start to climb up the 253 steps to the top of Bromo.

    It was fairly light by the time we got there so we enjoyed fantastic views down into the smoking crater of Bromo.

    About 8:30am we arrived back at the hotel in time for breakfast before catching the bus to Bali via Probolinggo, an 8 hour drive that took us 15 hours!

    Gunung Bromo Looking into the eye of a Gunung Bromo Ikhsan and I Tengger Caldera Sunrise over Tengger Caldera
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    Bromo crater

    by theo1006 Updated Jun 17, 2010

    Bromo volcano is frequently active, lastly in 2004. But the eruptions have been minor, therefore the crater has not changed much between 1973 and 2009, compare our pictures. It is hard to say how deep the crater is, but rest assured that it is deeper than it seems.
    What has changed is the number of visitors. In 1973 Theo and his students were there all by themselves. At that time the narrow space on top of the stairs was not a problem, but now a fence has been built for the safety of the crowd. Rarely have visitors the courage to walk all around the rim - where there is no fence. We did not attempt it.

    Bromo crater in 1973 Bromo crater in 2009 On the rim of Bromo crater Bromo crater in 2009 On the rim of Bromo crater
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    Hindu temple in Tengger Caldera

    by theo1006 Updated Jan 15, 2010

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    The people living around Tengger Caldera adhere to the Hindu religion as do the Balinese. The volcano plays a significant role in their religion, to appease it the annual festival of Kasada is celebrated when offerings are thrown in the crater. Hawkers also try to sell flowers to visitors for the same purpose.

    When approaching the volcano across the sand sea, one passes by a Hindu temple complex, now the venue for the Kasada festival. In 1973 it had not been built yet. Tengger people crossing the sand sea used to leave a small offering like the Balinese do.

    Tengger Caldera Hindu temple 'Sajen' or small offering
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    The stairs to Bromo crater

    by theo1006 Written Jan 15, 2010

    The one effort everyone has to make in order to see Bromo crater are the stairs of almost exactly 250 steps. Nowadays they are in good repair, with a rest space half ways and a division in the centre for separating up and down traffic. The division may be useful on peak days!

    The stairs were not always in such good condition, as the black and white photo from 1973 shows.

    At the foot of the stairs to Bromo Climbing the stairs to Bromo The stairs to Bromo crater The stairs to Bromo crater in 1973
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    Batok, Bromo's sister mountain

    by theo1006 Updated Jan 13, 2010

    From the Tengger Caldera sand sea actually rise several peaks, Bromo being the lowest one (2392 m). Closest to the Penanjakan viewpoint lies Gunung Batok (2440 m). Its name in Javanese means 'half coconut shell' because of its very regular shape. Gunung Batok is not an active volcano and is shaped like an almost perfect corrugated cone.
    In 1975, when very few tourists visited the caldera, Theo climbed Gunung Batok. Nowadays this is forbidden in order to protect the fragile vegetation on its slopes. In the old photograph taken from Batok mountain, see the road leading down from Penanjakan peak to the sand sea.

    Gunung Batok seen from Penanjakan viewpoint Gunung Batok seen from the Penanjakan road Sign Gunung Batok seen from the sand sea Penanjakan peak seen from Gunung Batok (1975)
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    Views of Semeru mountain

    by theo1006 Updated Jan 13, 2010

    The Tengger Caldera lies due north of Java's highest volcano, Gunung Semeru. Do not miss out spotting Semeru from Penanjakan lookout, especially the puff of smoke it belches out every half hour or so. It has been doing so for years, as the pictures from 1975 prove, even though a major eruption occurred in 1981.
    The 1975 pictures were taken from the top of Gunung Batok, which is now off-limits.

    View of Semeru mountain from Penanjakan lookout View of Semeru mountan from Penanjakan lookout View of Semeru mountain from Penanjakan lookout 1975 view of Semeru mountain from Batok mountain 1975 tele-shot of Semeru from Batok mountain
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    Riding a horse to Bromo volcano

    by theo1006 Written Jan 13, 2010

    If you don't like negotiating the last km to mount Bromo on foot, you can hire a horse. The standard rate is Rp 75,000 there and back again; your horse will wait for you to come down from the mountain.

    Competition is fierce, there may be more horses than tourists. We walked, but a couple of horse drivers followed us. When the going became more difficult, they again offered their services... finally for as little as Rp 5,000 one way!

    The ride to Bromo volcano Exchange the landcruiser for a horse Never rode a horse before? Horses waiting at the foot of the stairs
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    Sunrise at Penanjakan viewpoint

    by theo1006 Updated Jan 12, 2010

    The most popular Bromo tour by Toyota land-cruiser includes seeing the sun rise at Penanjakan viewpoint (2700 m above sealevel). However, when we went there in October 2009, we found that clouds made the sunrise not very spectacular. The views over Tengger Caldera, on Bromo, Batok and Semeru mountains made the effort still worth while.

    Penanjakan peak may well be the highest point to be reached by car on Java. From the parking of the cars it is just a 100 m walk upstairs to the lookout point. One can walk all the way from either village, but it is a tough climb from Cemorolawang and a long walk from Tosari.

    On peak days the lookout point may be quite crowded. Best time to do Penanjakan is on a weekday during the dry season (May through September). Bring a jacket, because it is quite cold up there before sunrise.

    Sunrise at penanjakan on October 28, 2009 Waiting for sunrise at Penanjakan lookout Sunrise at penanjakan on October 14, 2009 Sunrise at Penanjakan on October 14, 2009 Morning mist over Tengger Caldera
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    Penanjakan viewpoint and Bromo volcano jeep trip

    by theo1006 Updated Jan 10, 2010

    Most tourists take this trip which is also included in most package tours. If taken on the spot the fixed price is Rp 350,000 (October 2009), irrespective whether one takes it at Tosari or at Cemorolawang.

    Wake-up call is usually at 3.30 am, in order to leave at 4.00 and to arrive at Penanjakan viewpoint (2,702 m) before sunrise. After viewing the sun rise and taking pictures of it, the Toyota land-cruiser takes one to the parking at the foot of Bromo volcano, and will wait for its pasengers to come down. One is back for breakfast at the hotel around 9.00 am.

    Most Toyota land-cruisers belong to the village cooperation. The cooperation has set the price and the amount the driver receives. Some land-cruisers are privately owned. One driver asked us if we knew a land-cruiser for sale. It seems that most of the landcruisers in Java are now concentrated at Tengger caldera. At busy days the roads and the parking areas are crowded with them.

    The Penanjakan viewpoint can be reached by sedan car, but it stands to reason that the villagers do not like people doing that. If you try crossing the sand sea by sedan car, you risk to get stuck and will then have to pay up for any help.

    Entering the sand sea Ready to go at 4.00 am Parking at the Penanjakan viewpoint The road to Penajakan viewpoint Crossing the sand sea
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    Evening walk at Ngadisari

    by Deng249 Written Dec 7, 2008

    Some people may stay in Cemoro Lawang for the nite, just before their sunrise tour of Bromo. One of the things to do the evening before is to drive around the village of Cemoro Lawang and down to Ngadisari.

    The view is simply amazing, with the endless plots of leek and cabbage.

    View from the road side, somewhere in Ngadisari
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    Sunrise at Mount Penanjakan

    by Deng249 Written Dec 7, 2008

    To get an amazing view of the caldera, take a trip to Mount Penanjakan. The transportation to the mountain can be arranged at the national park. The journey from Cemoro Lawang to Penanjakan is around half hour, across the Lautan Pasir.

    The jeep leaves around 3.30am to 4am. Normally people will stay up at Penanjakan until just after sunrise which is just before 6am. Then, on the way back, the jeep will make a stop at Lautan Pasir, and you have a choice to trek / ride the pony to get to Mount Bromo which is about 400m away from the stop point.

    Mount Semeru in action
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