Pantai Ria is just in walking distance from Ende City Center (Ende Ground Zero)....located at the west side of Ende Harbor...this is one of a favorite place for hang out for Endeness.....everybody would not miss a very stunning beauty of sunset....in a faraway the visitors could see a remote island Pulau Ende ...everybody said one could find a Portuguese historic remnant in Pulau Ende... a fortress in the era of Portuguese colonialization in 16 Century
The city center of ENDE is ENDE Ground Zero, was a wide Landscape of ENDE City where one could find a sQuare as a football playground ... this is the place where someone would find a beautiful scenery of Gunung Meja and Gunung IYA from the west side of the sQuare.
Gunung IYA is one of majestic scenery in ENDE, stand side by side with Gunung Meja.
If you are strolling along Pantai Ria ( Ria Beach) not far from ENDE Harbor, you can sea the majestic view of Gunung Iya just behind the Harbor.
Gunung IYA is one of an active volcano in Flores island
Gunung Meja (Gunung means mount...and Meja means table) is one of a beautiful scenery which is greeted every attendants to Ende when they arrive at Ende Airport, this green mountain stand elegantly in front of the Airport
ENDE is one of a beautiful small town on the island of FLORES....geographically the town was located at the southern beach line of Flores island...surrounded by beautiful scenery of bluish green mountain range.....Gunung Meja and Gunung IYA is two mountain which furnished the Landscape of this small City
Ende is a beautiful Small Town in Flores island, H. HASAN AROEBOESMAN is one of entry point for visitors who come from Bali Denpasar-Ngurah Rai Airport or from Kupang-East Nusa Tenggara El Tari Airport.
This is an Airport which located at Ende City Center, behind the green of Gunung (mount) MEJA and the attendants would see the beautiful of Ende City when the Aircraft about to landed.
A virtually sacred place, this house where freedom activist and Indonesia's first president Soekarno lived from 1934 to 1938 when he was banished from Java by the Dutch colonial authorities. Yet it does not seem to receive the care and attention proper to that status.
We passed by twice and found the site closed. The third time we talked to some youngsters with motorbikes across the street and were told that they would fetch the caretaker from his home (and bring him back home) for the price of Rp 20,000. When he had arrived the caretaker explained that he did not wait at the site because his wages were being paid irregularly or not at all by the provincial government.
Theo had visited the house already in 1971 and it looked much the same forty years later. But in between the house almost fell down through neglect and was restored only in 2010. You can look at Soekarno memorabilia in a showcase, admire the original furniture he used and a Balinese style painting he created when living here. Many of the items Soekarno gave to local friends when he was allowed to return to Java, and later donated by these friends to the museum.
Caretaker: Syafrudin Puaita, mobile 0852 3775 4961. You may call him up but still wil have to pay his transport.
Entrance: A voluntary donation.
Second only to the komodo dragons, the coloured crater lakes of Kelimutu are among the most popular attractions of Flores island. So there is no lack of tips about them on VT and elsewhere. We just add our own accents.
The meaning of Kelimutu is 'boiling (mutu) mountain (keli)'. That name may refer to the last times the volcano erupted. A massive eruption occurred in 1830, and another one in 1869-1870 when the stream of lava reached Pemo village (within the boundaries of which the lakes are located).
The lakes lie at 1600 m above sea level, which means that they are often shrouded in mist. As soon as the sun has become invisible the atmosphere becomes chilly and uncanny. No wonder that according to local beliefs this is where the spirits of the dead dwell. After reporting to the guard Konde Ratu they are appointed their abode. At Tiwu Ata Polo - the first lake when you follow the path - must stay those who led a bad life. The adjacent Tiwu Nuamuri Koofai is the place of those who died young. And at the third lake, Tiwu Ata Mbupu at some distance of the other two, dwell the spirits who had a long life.
There is some logic in this myth. The three lakes each have their own mix of inorganic compounds, which would explain their different colour. Chemists are advised to browse the billboard detailing their analysis. What is more, the mineral mix changes over time due to volcanic activity in the bottom of the lakes, and therefore the colour is changeable too. Tiwu Ata Polo - where the bad spirits are - has by far the highest concentration of minerals and the highest volcanic activity, causing it to have a long history of colour change, that can be read on another billboard (See also our travelogue Kelimuti revisited). Tiwu Nuamuri Koofai has lower concentrations and is usually a shade between green and blue. Whereas the water of Tiwu Ata Mbupu has a virtually stable dark gray colour, proper for old age.
The Kelimutu lakes are easily visited on a day tour from Ende, the distance being about 63 km. Count on 2.5 hours by car or motorbike because of the mostly tortuous road. But we advise to spend more time hiking through the eery mountain scenery and to that end staying one or more nights over in Moni - on the Ende-Maumere road at 15 km from the lakes. Biologists may want to spend time in the arboretum and roam the nature reserve.
There used to be just basic accommodation at Moni; but we found that a new "Kelimutu Eco Lodge", catering to the more discerning tourist, had opened in August 2010. For us, as budget travellers, the older accommodation was satisfactory enough.
Maybe you should not defer your visit. Look at the pic with Tiwu Ata Polo in the foreground. We read a historic note saying that the wall between this and lighter green Tiwu Nuamuri Koofai once could be walked over. So it seems just a matter of time when the wall has eroded to the extent that the lakes merge!
And by the way, for more colours in crater lakes see Wawo Muda near Bajawa.
Wolowaru is 12 kms south of Moni and it is quite a nice walk (2-3hrs) through the tree lined road or you can catch the local transport. Good quality Ikat is made here and you will see it displayed around the village. If you are staying with the villagers you may be invited to eat dog if there is a special occasion to celebrate.
Take a trip to Moni, check in to a suitable guest house and get up 6am the next morning for the 4 hour hike to Keli Mutu and see the sunrise and the three coloured lakes that are the craters of the volcano. Alternatively lie in bed a little longer and go to the top in a jeep. We went three times before we had a good view( the cloud cover can be quite bad , that's why you must go early).
Mbongawani, Ende's main market, is located between the two jetty's of Ende harbour. It has an important fish division where we saw everything from small dried fry to big chunks of enormous fish. Other merchandise includes live chickens, vegetables, rice and beans, cooking oil and spices.
Although we did not want to buy anything, is was worthwhile to stroll the market. As everywhere on Flores, people were friendly and keen on being photographed - preferably with a big fish in their hands.
On the beachfront were some gazebo's where locals with nothing to do enjoyed the breeze. Numerous fishing boats were anchored off-shore. A sign on a pole warned: It is forbidden to defecate or litter anywhere on the beach
Wolotopo is the traditional village closest to Ende. But perhaps because of this closeness modern ways of life have changed Wolotopo in recent years.
The village used to be isolated and all dwellings were built of wood with thatched roofs, see travelogue Wolotopo revisited. But a road has been cut through the cliffs isolating Wolotopo, the population has exploded and most inhabitants now live in brick houses. These as well as the remaining long houses are built on a steep slope, close together with narrow paths and stairs between them.
The women still are engaged in traditional weaving, we think we made a good deal buying some cloth here. In between the houses one can still admire the ancestral tombs of rock. The superb views have not changed, and the winding road itself - over cliffs and along the coast - is worth the trip.
Directions: The distance from Ende is 8 km. Take the road to Moni and Maumere, but at the fork with the statue of freedom fighter Mari Longa choose the turnoff right. After a short distance, immediately past the bridge, turn right again. This is the new road leading to Wolotopo.
The road from Ende to Moni is part of the Trans-Flores highway which runs all the length of the island. Most tourists 'doing' Kelimutu will travel the Ende to Moni section at least once, and indeed it is an adventure by itself. About half of the distance the road follows the Wolowona river valley, endlessly winding with a deep ravine on one hand and steep cliffs on the other.
When Theo travelled the road in 1971 it was not even sealed yet, and people told of a terrible accident. A high-loaded truck with people sitting on top of the load hit a rock that had fallen on the road and as a result toppled sideways tumbling into the ravine.
This time, when driving inland we spied a simple plaque on a rock standing on the edge of the ravine on our right, reading in Dutch: “Floresweg geopend 31 / 8 - 1925” (Flores road opened 31 / 8 -1925). The plaque did not seem old, we think that it has been restored or replaced in recent years. Perhaps together with a plaque on the other side of the rock, more ornamented but less readable, saying: “Dengan rahmat Tuhan yang Maha Esa Jalan Gako-Ende-Maumere-Kewapante diresmikan oleh Presiden Republik Indonesia Soeharto, Kupang 14 Oktober 1996.” (With God's blessing the Gako-Ende-Maumere-Kewapante road was inaugurated by President Soeharto of the Republic of Indonesia, Kupang 14 October 1996.) That may have been the date that this section of the road was sealed. But why Kupang? Did the late president not even set foot on Flores for the occasion?
At present, in 2011, work is in progress at many places to bring the width of the road up to the standard of 12 m.
When we returned from Saga village with mr Dee of the Tourist Office, he said: ¨According to local belief the rock with the plaques is one of a couple. The other one is high up on the cliff at the other side of the road. One is male, the other female." The photo of the latter is not very good, it was late in the afternoon and raining.
It was not on the tourist map yet, but we were directed to Saga village by an employee of the Tourist Office. The village is better preserved than more popular Wolotopo and as easily accessed. Our guide reported to the village head, by name of Melchior Maksi, who then took his time to show us around.
The people living in Saga belong to the Lio tribe, a mountain tribe as contrasted to the Ende tribe living at the coast and in Wolotopo. Indeed Saga is built on a steep slope, and walking around one needs to negotiate some ingenious stairs.
Not everything is original in the village. Among the traditional houses lie equally traditional graves, made of natural rock. But some graves are tiled, a modernization. Said mr Maksi: I do not allow people to make such modern graves any more.
Saga was much damaged by the 1992 earthquake, but the traditional houses have been restored including their peculiar wood-carvings. One house shows women's breasts on both sides of the door, guess which are the breasts of a maiden and which those of a mother. The men's meeting house (where Helen was not allowed in) also was remade, as was the 100 year old wooden ancestor effigy which had been stolen.
Mr Maksi also told some legends kept alive by the village. The most curious was about the sacred grave said to be the grave of a dog, whose human daughter lives in Holland..... Well, it is something that because of this belief the Saga people - unlike most other people in Flores - do not eat dog meat. Another story was about an ancestor who climbed a coconut tree and disappeared. He never came down but subsequently people found bamboo containers full of gold at the spot. This story is illustrated in the wood-carvings.
Once that important port, and the domain of a true raja/king, it is said Ende-today is a miserable place. Well, that's not all true, the people are so friendly, the food is good, and getting a bemo is easy peanuts.
Visit the house where late President Sukarno lived when he was exiled to Flores by the Dutch in 1933. This house is on Jalan K.H. Dewantara, and it's a national shrine now, a well-cared for, cream building with red sign outside.
Visit the Pelabuhan Ipi at Ende, and catch a glimpse of boatbuilding techniques. Bugis immigrants built the remarkable stemless boats, used all over Flores (named Pinisi). These boats have 12 ribs, just like the human body, and are usually constructed from the base of a dugout canoe ... many use the old Dutch spritsail rig. Sounds funny huh ?
And when really tired of all... jump to Labuhan Bajo for a visit! Head for the airport,... or get you a bemo.