Almaty is the largest city in Kazakhstan, with about 1,500,000 inhabitants. It is one of the most cosmopolitan cities in Central Asia. In recent years, foreign investment has brought about many fine shops, restaurants, hotels, and casinos. It is a green and pleasant city with many large trees along the streets, set against the spectacular backdrop of the Tien Shan Mountains.
During the Bronze Age, around 1,000 to 900 B.C., farmers and cattle breeders of the Saka and Uisun tribes settled in the area that would one day become Almaty. From the tenth to fourteenth centuries, the region of "Big Almaty" was a trading center on the famous Silk Route. However, from the Bronze Age through the mid-1800s, there was not what could be called a town or settlement in the area.
The history of modern Almaty began in 1854 when the Russians established a military outpost called Fort Verniy ("Faithful") at a strategic location where the steppes meet the Tien Shan Mountains. At this time, Kazakhstan became part of the Russian Empire. In 1855, Kazakhs, Russian peasants, and Tatars began settling around the fort, marking the beginning of a new town. In 1867 the fort was absorbed into the town, which was given the name Verniy. In 1921, the name of Verniy was changed to Alma-Ata, and by this time, Kazakhstan was part of the Soviet Union: the Kazakh Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. Construction of the Turkestan-Siberia Railway between 1926 and 1930 led to an increase in the growth and importance of Alma-Ata. The capital of the Kazakh Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was moved from Kyzyl-Orda to Alma-Ata in 1927.
After the breakup of the Soviet Union, Kazakhstan became an independent nation in 1991 and Almaty remained its capital. In 1993, the city was renamed again, this time to Almaty. (Both Alma-Ata and Almaty derive from the Kazakh word for "apple"). Almaty was the nation's capital until 1997, when Astana was chosen to be the new capital for its central location. However, Almaty is still the most popular destination for Kazakhs moving from the countryside into the city.
In arranging my trip to Kazakhstan I made extensive uses of the services of David Berghof of Stantours. Unlike many of the other people I tried to contact, David answered every e-mail promptly and accurately and did exactly what he promised to do. He also provided tons of good advice along the way. He can buy train tickets, make reservationsand buy tickets from SCAT, Kazakhstan's low cost airline, book hotels in major cities, arrange for pickup and return to the Almaty airport, arrange local tours in the Almaty area, and who knows what all else. He also offers similar services for the other "stans." His prices are reasonable and his service is simply first class. I travelled on my own and made some of my own arrangement, but my trip to Kazakhstan simply could not have been the enjoyable experience that is was without him. He is a native German, but speaks perfect English and good Russian.
Contact Information: www.stantours.com firstname.lastname@example.org
Almaty's bus shelters are works of art. Built like yurts, they are covered in a mosaic of broken china - salvaged from a local ceramic factory. Look closely and you will see borders and patterns among the plain white, even the odd cup handle or spout of a jug.
Should get shots for Hepatitis A and B, serious liver diseases, before visiting Kazakhstan. Check with your doctor. There have been outbreaks of Hepatitis in recent years in Kazakhstan. These outbreaks are not usual for Astana and Almaty.
Typhoid might also be advisable. Check with your doctor.
Favorite thing: there is reductive visa regime in Uzbkistan and any American/EU/Avstralia citizen can get visa at the Airport (the official price is 40$per person, but the customers made my friend to pay 100$)...So i decided to get visa in advance in my home country, cos it´d cost me cheaper (embassy tax 35$ + 12 euro for LOI)...I got my uzbek LOI through email@example.com contact person is Alik.
This place is known for its curiable air(it has its own microclimate), water and ofcourse Cumys-national drink. Cumys has very curiable perfomances, it cures tuberculosis. Also these places have very rich historiy and legends. In ancient times this place was the favourite stand of the Huns which conquered multimilliard China's Empire using 70000 cavalry and then ruined Roman Empire. But it was many years ago and now local people are livin in peace:) Firstly this place was showed to the other world by russian scientists in 19th century and curiable possibilitis of this place were used periodically. Here you will see 'the dancing birches' a lot of different lakes , mountains , springs and animals. If you will travel there by car you will see a beautiful perfomance when the endless carpet of steppe becomes beautiful oasis.
Also in these places was born the first in the people,s history monotheistic religion - thengrianity, which has given life to buddism, christianity and islam. The people of modern kazak has about one hundred confederation of hyper etnoses like Massagets, Ishguzes, Saks (or skyphians on greek), The Huns (mostly Arhuns - kings of the huns), Kipchaks (on russian polovtsy), White Mongols, White persians, White Ephtalites, Ancient Tibets, Karluks, Kangles (modern Turkey u know), and all this peoples were forefathers of for example Germans (allemanians, saxes, normannes, turingen and so on) which came to Europe in the 1st century b.c. , spanish peoples (arahuns or aragons, basks, katalons and so on) in 4th century a.c., hungaryians, austrians, persians, ukrainians and russians.
Now, the Republic of Kazakhstan turns into the powerful type of the world economy, 105 countries of the world recognized Kazakhstan. Diplomatic relations are established with more than 70 countries. Kazakhstan was accepted by United Nations Organization, UNESCO and other big international organizations. Nearly 700 of inter-state and inter-governmental agreements and contracts with more than 100 countries were concluded, all the necessary laws on external economic relations were adopted.
The new independent state with rich mineral resources appeared on the map of the world. This appearance opened big opportunities to the foreign countries for the mutual and beneficial contracts and for the closer cooperation in economic, scientific, cultural and other branches of life. That gives the enormous impulse to the forming and carring out the independent external economic policy and extention of the foreign trade of Kazakhstan with the other countries of the world.
Fondest memory: Now, Kazakhstan trades with 124 countries of the world. The state structure of the foreign trade turnover was considerably changed during the last years. The share of the CIS countries descreased to 60 per cent. Because of the qualitative and cheap resources, Kazakhstan has the initial competitive advantages in export of the hydrocarbon raw materials, ferrous and non-ferrous rare metals, although the competitive potential of some branches, for example, ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy is going on with decrease because of the equipment amortization, absence of the investments to the new technology and because of some other accompanied reasons.
In 1995, the foreign trade turnover of Kazakhstan was more than 8,7 milliard US dollars, including export it was nearly 5 milliard US dollars.
Favorite thing: Close to 3,000 years ago these steppe region were dominated by the prosperous Scynthian civilization. During the subsequent centuries, the Kazakhstan steppes became home to the powerful realm of the Huns. Their leader, Attila, helped cause the downfall of the Great Roman Empire and introduced the prototype of men's trousers to Europeans. Turkic tribes forced the Huns out whose khanates extended form the Yellow to the Black Sea. At that time, cities and caravansaries began to emerge within the oases of Central Asia, forming the Silk Road that linked Byzantium and China. Another link - the "sable route" - was established via the Central Kazakhstan and Altai into the southwestern regions of Siberia for the purpose of transporting expensive furs to markets in Europe and in the Middle East.
President - Nursultan Abishevich Nazarbayev
Elected in April, 1990.
On December 1, 1991 elected as President by nation-wide ballot.
Term of office has been extended by virtue of a nation-wide referendum held on April 29, 1995.
Favorite thing: National Emblem of the Republic of Kazakhstan is a picture of a shanyrak ( the cupola of a yurta) on a blue background, from which uyks (body bracket) like sun rays are being radiated in framing of wings of mythical horses. At the bottom of the emblem there is an inscription “Kazakhstan”. In colour picture the National Emblem of the Republic of Kazakhstan are of two colours: golden and blue-and-sky-blue.
Favorite thing: National Flag of the Republic of Kazakhstan is a a piece of right-angled cloth of sky-blue colour with a picture of a golden sun with its 32 rays in the centre, under them - a soaring steppe eagle. Flagstaff has vertical line with national ornament.The picture of sun, its rays, eagle and ornament are of golden colour. Width/length ratio of the flag is 1:2.
Fondest memory: The Czarist rule was brutal and one million Kazaks out of four million died in revolts or of famine in the 19th century. One million Russian and Ukrainian peasant settlers moved in after the abolition of serfdom in 1861.
Favourite thing had to be the city of Atyrau where one side of the bridge is in Europe on crossing the Ural River you are in Asia. It is only a small road/foot bridge so you can enter both continents quickly and as you want.
Fondest memory: My fondest memory must have been when the airplane took off to get me back to Budapest!
Fondest memory: Almaty spreading out at the foothills of the Zaili Alatau, is a very beautiful city with extremely picturesque surroundings. Kok-Tobe (Green Top) (1,130 meters), below which stands the city's 350-meter television tower, opens a very beautiful panorama of the city, especially gorgeous is the night view of the city with myriad sparkling lights. There are some cozy restaurants and cafes open for tourists and guests. Closeness of Almaty to the Zaili Alatau mountains adds special charm to the city, providing the fantastic diversity of beautiful surroundings, routes and landscape, which attracts tourists and lovers of active leisure. The Medeo the world-famous skating-rink is probably the most visited and attractive site within the Almaty area. It derives its name from that of an ancient nomad, Medeo, who founded a village in that fabulous place. The road to Medeo snakes along the Maloye Almatinskoye Ushchelye (canyon). This is where mountain resorts, sanatoriums and private estates are located. Once a year the Medeo stadium is de-iced and transformed into a huge concert stage. It becomes the venue of the popular song festival 'The Voice of Asia'
Favorite thing: Kazakstan's History: For several centuries the Silk Road traffic made Almaty an indispensable stopover place for traders and travelers. Almaty began to decline when marine trade routes emerged. In the 1740s the Mongols invaded Kazakstan, forcing Almaty to request protection from a powerful neighbor - Russia. As a result mass migration of Russians, in particular Cossacks and Siberian settlers began; later, the communist regime also deported a large number of dissidents to Kazakstan. Today, Kazakstan is the only former Soviet republic where the indigenous population constitutes a minority. In the streets of Almaty you will hardly hear the Kazak language, Russian-language editions dominate the newsstands and bookshops.
Furmanov Str. 164, Almaty, 050021, Kazakhstan
Good for: Families
Sarky Arka 4, Astana, Kazakhstan, 010000, KZ
Good for: Business
Best and most expensive business Hotel to stay in Atyrau. However this is not saying much. This...more