Guia Fort, Macao
Guia, one of Macao's hills, is topped by a fortress with two important Portuguese constructions - the lighthouse and a chapel. The lighthouse was one of the first to be built in eastern world, in 1622, but the actual one is the result of a reconstruction in 1864.
The chapel was built also in 1622, and it is a modest construction where recently where discovered some frescoes.
Our first stop in Macau after exiting customs was Guia Fort. It is a small but beautiful hilltop fortress offering stunning views of the city and the water surrounding the island in all directions. Guia Fort was completed on Macau's highest point in 1638. This hilltop houses the fort, and it also hosts the oldest lighthouse on the coast of China (built in 1865) and a beautiful little church called the Chapel of Our Lady Guia. The chapel is the oldest building on the site dating from 1622.
We did walk from here to the Leal Senado, but it took about 20 minutes through some narrow, yet scenic residential side streets.
The fort is open from 9am to 5:30pm.
Built 1637-38 on the highest point of Macau, by Captain of Artillery, António Ribeiro, it occupies 8,600 square feet in a rough pentagon, as dictated by the irregular terrain. The walls are of masonry and rise about 10 feet in a gentle slope, with two of the original brickwork turrest. It was designed to defend the border with China but because of its poistion overlooking the entire city, its chief value has been as an observation post. It contained barracks, a water cistern, ammunition and equipment stores, the commander’s house and a hermitage dedicated to Our Lady of Guia. The fort’s dominating feature is the lighthouse, built in 1865 and the oldest on the China coast. It is 52.5 feet high and has a light which can be seen for 20 miles in clear weather. Originally it was lit by paraffin, and changed to electrical power in 1909. Beside the lighthouse, there is a post where signals are hoisted to warn of an approaching typhoon. In earlier times storm warnings were announced form the bell-tower of the hermitage. There is a small chapel with a very simple altar, a few antique picutres and the remains of colourful paintings which once covered the ceilings and walls. At the entrance is a grave-stone stating in Portuguese : 'Here lies at this gate the remains of Christopher, by accident, for his body does not deserve such an honourable sepulchre'. Who he was and why he is buried here are both mysteries. One of the guardhouses is now a tourist information centre and cafe. It is opening daily between 9.00am to 5:30pm. A panoramic view can be seen through a coin operated telescope.
This fortress built in 1638 sit on top of the highest point on the Peninsula. A lighthouse the oldest in China was added later. To acces the fort you can climb the hill or take a cable car up from the Flora gardens below.
Guia Fortress and Lighthouse are located on Guia Hill, which is the highest point in Macau (94 meter above sea level).
The lighthouse was built in 1865 and it is the oldest Western-style lighthouse in the Chinese coast. The geographical coordinates of Macau correspond exactly to the lighthouse coordinates.
You can reach the Fortress and Lighthouse using the cable-car from Flora Garden.
Guia Fort (Fortress of Our Lady of Guia was built 1637-38 on the highest point of Macau by Captain of Artillery, António Ribero. It occupies 8,600 sq ft in a rough pentagon shape on irregular terrain. The most dominating feature of the fort is the lighthouse which was built in 1865 and is the oldest on the China coast. Standing at 52 1/2 feet high, it has a light which can be seen for 20 miles in clear weather. Beside the lighthouse, there is a post where signals are hoisted to warn of an approaching typhoon.
There is also a small hermitage dedicated to Our Lady of Guia. To enter the lighthouse and hermitage you need permission from the Marine Department, which has offices there - The Fortress is open from 7 a.m. to sunset.
The Guia Fort was built on the highest point in Macau. It was my last destination that day and was quite a climb to get to the top! The views are really awesome. This picture is of the lighthouse that makes up part of the fort.
Built 1637 as a fort on the highest point of Macau. Because of its position overlooking the entire city, so the views are really awesome. The fort's dominating feature is the lighthouse, built in 1865 and the oldest on the China coast.
There is a chapel (Our Lady of Guia) built as part of the Guia Fort. The present chapel dates from 1637, containing the image of the Virgin and a fine old painting of St. John the Baptist.
Great fortress at the top of a hill, overlooking the city and the coast. Walk around and you'll find cannons lining stone walls, or a predominant lighthouse that sits in the middle of it. The fortress is one of a few in the city.