Hanuman Dhoka in the name of the Palace of the Kings of Nepal. Hanuman means the monkey God and associate of Lord Rama and Dhoka in Nepali means Door. You will find the statue of Hanuman in the front door of the palace, that's why it is called Hanuman Dhoka Palace.
It is the historic seat of royalty. The Durbar Square, with its old temples and places, epitomizes the religious and cultural life of the people. It is here that Kings of Nepal are crowned and their coronations solemnized. Interesting things to see here are; Taleju Temple built by King Mahendra Malla in 1549 A.D., Kal Bhairav, the God of destruction, Nautalle Durbar, Coronation Nasal Chowk, the Gaddi Baithak, the statue of King Pratap Malla, the Big Bell, Big Drum and the Jagannath Temple. On the right-hand corner, large wooden lattice screen hides an enormous gilded face of SwetBhairav. The screen is removed only during the Indra Jatra festival.There are also Numismatic and Tribhuvan Museum inside the Hanumandhoka Palace building. Photography is prohibited inside the museums. Both the museums remain closed on Tuesday and government holidays. This is the one of the UNESCO cultural heritage sites of Nepal.
King Mahendra Malla in 1549 A.D., built Hanuman Dhoka palace and so built Kal Bhairav temple and many other temples, in an out of Hanuman Dhoka palace. Kal Bhairav or the God of Destruction is another incarnation of Lord Shiva.
Hanumandhoka also known as the famous Durbar square has old temples and palaces.
It is the historic seat of royalty. The Durbar Square, with its old temples and palaces, epitomizes the religious and cultural life of the people. It is here that kings of Nepal are crowned and their coronations solemnized. Interesting things to see here are (1) Taleju Temple built by King Mahendra Malla in 1549 A.D., (2) Gigantic figure of Kal Bhairav, the God of Destruction, (3) Basantapur Durbar or Nautalle Durbar, built by King Prithvi Narayan Shah, (4) Coronation Platform (Nasal Chok), (5) the Hall of Public Audience (Gaddi Baithak), (6) the statue of King Pratap Malla, (7) the Big Bell, (8) Big Drums, and (9) the Jagannath Temple. There is also a temple of Pancha Mukhi Hanuman inside the old palace. This is one of the only two structures in Nepal, the other is in Pashupatnath. Opposite the entrance to the Hanuman Dhoka Palace stands the Krishna Mandir. It is one of the few octagonal temples in Nepal.
There are also Numismatic Museum and Tribhuvan Museum inside the Hanuman Dhoka Palace building. Photography is prohibited inside the museums. Both the museums remain closed on Tuesdays and government holidays. A nominal fee is charged to enter the courtyard of Hanuman Dhoka Palace where one can get exposed to a visual feast of carvings and mouldings on the nine storey pagoda of the palace. The main golden gate is guarded by the monkey-god, Hanuman with a ceremonial umbrella suspended above his head and wrapped in a scarlet cloak, he squats on a stone plinth. The image of Hanuman was kept by King Pratap Malla.