The Ghats are long platforms located along the Bagmati river, where cremations take place. Hinduists cremate their dead (except young babies without a name, these are buried). To burn the body is an act of sacrifice, a way of purifying with fire the offerings to the gods. The body is driven to a funeral pyre and burned with logs and gas (in small villages coal is used). The Bhameshvar Ghat is the most used cremation-site in Kathmandu. I know that for Hinduists is a common costume, but for me it was a very hard and disturbing experience.
Across the Bagmati river, behind the viewpoint is located the Pandra Shivalaya complex (votive shrines), 15 shirines built to enshrine the lingas in memory of deceased important people from late 1,800´s.
Also known as the The Temple of Living Beings, this temple located on the shores of the Bagmati river is an old construction from the 400ad. This pagoda style temple is around 50 feet, the building has three floors with roofs of cooper with hanging bells and a gold pinnacle. The place is forbidden for non Hinduists, but you can have a small glimpse of the interior through one of the entrance doors. It´s considered the most sacred temple in the world dedicated to Lord Shiva, and is visited by pilgrims from all over the world specially for the Shivatri Festival.
Shivaratri, the night of Lord Shiva, is held between February/March and is one of the major festivals of Nepal. During this festival more than 100,000 of Hindu devotees from India and Southeast Asia arrive to Pashupatinath temple to pay their homage to Shiva on his birthday.
On this holy day, worshippers take dip and bath in the holy river at early dawn and fast for the whole day and stay around fire to keep them warm as it is still winter in Nepal.
The entrance to the temple is allowed only to Hindus.
From Pashupatinath, you can walk for about one km and be enchanted by Bodhnath stupa.
It is the religious centre for Tibetans in Nepal. Walking around it, you can hear their chants coming from many small shops selling Tibetan artcrafts, there is also a Tibetan restaurant.
When I was there, they were preparing white colour to repaint it, just throwing it from the top...
Again as in other sacred cities of Nepal, the omnipresent Sadhus, some of then holy, some of them friendly, some of them fake (asking for money) a different perspective of life.
The Bagmati river is a Holy river so is very common to see ritual bathing taking place in it. But most of the time the swimmers are just young children having fun.
As in other temples in Nepal, monkeys (rehesus macaque monkeys) wander freely around the viewpoint, the Gaths and the temples.
Crossing the river and in front of the main entrance of the Vishnu temple is located the Panch Deval, a complex of five shrines, decorated with golden domes.
This gath located below the Shiva temple (with stairs connecting it) was built during the reign of Pramata Malla and is reserved for the cremation of the Nepalese royalti.
The temple is the most important Hindu temple in Nepal. On the riverbanks of the Bagmati cremations take place. Monkeys and cows wander around the banks. Sadhus await donations from the tourists.