Khewra Travel Guide

  • View from the fort, Jehlum river and plains
    View from the fort, Jehlum river and...
    by besal
  • Local
    Local
    by besal
  • Crossing a stream
    Crossing a stream
    by besal

Khewra Things to Do

  • Salts column and formations

    Mining is done by a method developed by Dr. Warth in 1872 where 50% is mined and 50% is left as column. This ensures that mine doesn’t cave in. It is this 50% that is left which creates a beautiful ambiance inside the mine. Salt is transparent, white, pink, reddish to beef-color red. The Geological horizon, which is a gold mine for a geologist, is...

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  • Cannon

    In the main chamber, this old relic, a portable cannon, is left as a reminder to the miners legacy as to how they used to blast loose rocks/salts from the ceiling to clear mines and move forward.

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  • In by Electric train

    There are two ways to reach the main chamber inside the mine. Walk! Walk is about 20 minutes, depending on your speed, and the other is by mine train. This train starts from the entrance gate and will take you till the main chamber. From their you walk. Cost is high, Rs. 400 upto 12 people (if you are 1 or 2, it is still Rs. 400). If you have...

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  • Khewra train station

    An old train station still exists when you enter and is operational to take salt from Khewra to rest of the country. Motorway has reduced the distance by road and one can now easily come to Khewra by road. We saw some abandoned freight cars, and broken train tracks going nowhere.

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  • Old Colonial office structure

    The Khewra town as well as the site reminds you about the past of this region, and how the British ruled it and left their distinct designs and architecture all around. ICI a British MNC still operates in this area mining by products from Khwera salt mines and producing Soda Ash. The building in the picture which is at the entrance of the salt mine...

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  • Slurpy Salty Syrup

    On various locations one can see salt deposits hanging from the ceiling, and looks as if this is icicles. Brine solution seeping from deep inside the mountains has created huge rock crystals in the shape of small icebergs that could be found inside the mine.

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Khewra Restaurants

  • Pakistaniguy's Profile Photo

    by Pakistaniguy Written Jan 7, 2004

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    For me it is something unbelievable ! Though i never visited any mine before, but i never expected that i can find a proper cafeteria inside a Salt Mine !!!

    It was very nicely built with salt bricks and lighted by the bulbs and tube lights. I was totally astronished to see it. I must thank the ministry or mining and tourism who supported the idea of building a cafe for tourists inside the mine.



    Favorite Dish:
    You should definitely stop here and have either a coffee or a juice. The quality of burgers might not be so good for foreigners but its okay for Pakistanis.

    I highly recommend this cafe to you.

    Have u seen a Cafe inside a Mine before ?
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    • Road Trip
    • Adventure Travel

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Khewra Nightlife

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    by Pakistaniguy Written Jan 7, 2004

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    There is just a simple Bazaar in Khewra and all the life of Khewra is that Bazaar. When the sun rises, people wake up and around 8 or 9 a.m the bazaar is set and when the sunsets, people start closing their shops and only the litter is left at night !

    Dress Code: Though in winters, there are a few shops where you see the shop keepers sitting outside after or about to close their shops and sitting around the fire and chit chatting. But other than this, there is absolutely nothing. Not even a horen of any vehicle !

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Khewra Transportation

  • By Car

    Khewra Salt Mines is situated at the distance of 160 km from Islamabad and 260 km from Lahore, and easily accessible from Pindi-Lahore motorway. Through Lila interchange, take the Pind Dadan Khan exit and follow the sign. Khewra is approx. 30 km from this exit. Another route is from the old GT Road, where you exit for Chakwal and keep going...

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  • By Train

    Either you may walk inside the mine accompanied by the guide or u may take a tourist train to show u around the mine along with the guide. It is upto you and your pocket. Ofcourse ! take a train is an easy but an expensive option.

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  • Cars

    Khewra Salt Mines is situated at the distance of 160 km from Islamabad and 260 km from Lahore, and easily accessible from Pindi-Lahore motorway. Through Lila interchange, take the Pind Dadan Khan exit and follow the sign. Khewra is approx. 30 km from this exit. Another route is from the old GT Road, where you exit for Chakwal and keep going...

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Khewra Shopping

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    by besal Updated Apr 29, 2007

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    There are numerous souvenir shops lining the road towards the salt mine and they may all vary in prices.

    What to buy: Various handicrafts have been made, varying in sizes using Rock salt. Buy which you know you can carry back. Favorite items are salt lamps. You will have to connect the electric cord and bulb yourself when you get back to your abode.

    What to pay: Negotiate to get the best deal.

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    • Eco-Tourism
    • Road Trip

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Khewra Warnings and Dangers

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    by besal Updated Apr 29, 2007

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    Simply I would say is that dangers associated with all mines exists here as well. When I was getting my tickets, the man at the counter asked me for my ID. At first I retorted that do I look like a foreign tourist (wearing my WWF P-Cap, dark glasses, T-Shirt, Jeans, Hiking boots, lugging a backpack, dangling a digital camera, and holding a large mineral water bottle – signs of being alien). But they were checking ID of all entrants.

    If you have an extreme fear of closed places and are claustrophobic, it is recommended that you avoid going inside.

    Click on the main picture and what do you see…..EXACTLY!

    People, this is a mine, and the electricity powering the lights inside is being supplied by WAPDA, which is known for frequent power failure. And I did not see any emergency lights anywhere around. I am sure you do not want to be caught inside the mine when this happens. No matter how brave you are, this scenario will scare the $hit out of anyone. Even an atheist will blurt out. Oh! God!

    Guides are available at the entrance gate who have flashlights, and do know their way around. Pay extra to take them along. Alternatively, carry a flash light, but will you know which way to go? There are shafts that are taking you deeper inside the mine, and then there are deep brine ponds all around. In total darkness everything looks the same.

    Also while entering/exiting the mine, be on a look out for the electric train as the passage is shared..for people walking and for those ridding the train.

    Now why were they checking your ID’s and recording the data on it?

    This is my prognosis…in case of a mine collapse; they will know who was inside, and where to contact next of kin ;)

    Have I scared you enough? I hope not. Just be safe and enjoy.

    Click to enlarge and see what you see No light Passing train
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    • Eco-Tourism
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Khewra Tourist Traps

  • azharssaleem's Profile Photo

    by azharssaleem Written Jul 23, 2008

    Khewra Salt Mines is a salt mine located in Khewra, Jhelum District, Punjab in Pakistan, about 160 kilometres from Islamabad and 260 kilometres from Lahore. It attracts up to 40,000 visitors per year and is the second largest salt mine in the world. Situated in the foothills of the Salt Range, the Khewra Salt Mines are the oldest in the sub-continent.
    Salt has been mined at Khewra since 320 BC, in an underground area of about 110 sq. km. Khewra salt mine has estimated total of 220 million tones of rock salt deposits. The current production from the mine is 325,000 tons salt per annum.
    The mine-head buildings have 17 stories, with 11 below ground. The salt-mine is 945 feet above sea level and extends around 2,400 feet inside the earth from the mine-mouth. There are 17 working levels and the cumulative length of all tunnels is more than 40 km.
    Salt occurs in the form of an irregular dome like structure. There are seven thick salt seams with a cumulative thickness of about 150 meters. At places the rock salt is 99% pure. Salt is transparent, white, pink, reddish to beef-color red. There are beautiful alternate bands of red and white color salt.

    Discovery of the mine
    It is said that when Alexander the Great visited sub-continent, coming across the Jhelum and Mianwali region , Khewra Salt Mines were discovered. The discovery of the mines was however was not made by Alexander nor his "allies", but interestingly by his horse.It is stated that when Alexander's army stopped here for rest , the horses started licking the stones.One of his soldiers took notice of it and when he tasted the rock stone , it was salty thus leading to the discovery of the mines.
    Afterwards this mine was wholly purchased by a local RAJA and from that era to creation of Pakistan this mine remained property of locally living Raja's who were sons of Raja MAL.

    They are interestingly linked to the nearest place called Malot Fort created by Raja MAL.

    Related to:
    • Historical Travel

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Khewra What to Pack

  • besal's Profile Photo

    by besal Updated Apr 29, 2007

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    Luggage and bags: A back pack with water and other edibles that you would like to take inside. Also carry a small portable flash light as it can get very very very very very and very dark if the light goes out.

    Clothing/Shoes/Weather Gear: During summer the weather is quite hot so wear light cotton clothings. Inside the mine it is cool, but not that cool. In winter what ever jacket or sweater you wear will suffice. Also wear thick sole rubber shoes, e.g. hikers or joggers. You will be walking on rocks.

    Photo Equipment: If you plan to shoot inside, your flash may not be that powerful to light up large chambers. Carry a portable TRIPOD to get a perfect picture, and avoid camera shakes. I pushed my Nikon D70S to 1600 ISO, and still in some areas light wasn't enough (thus some camera shakes visible).

    Guide with a lifesaver in his hand
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Khewra Off The Beaten Path

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    by besal Updated May 23, 2014

    Fort Nandana situated on the eastern side of the Salt Ranges near Khewra/Pind Dadan Khan on Jehlum road is an ancient fort, with a temple perched on top of a 500 foot cliff.

    The fort was ruled by Hindu Shahi family and Mahmud of Ghazni expelled them from here. It was built on a hilly range and it ruins are present.

    On the foothill of this fort is a village Bhaganwalla. One has to walk for approx 2 km, then climb a narrow passage to reach this fort.

    Al-Biruni, famous Muslim scholar, mathematician, historian, measured the earth circumference (11th Century) from this fort. Also in the Jehlum plain, seen in the distant, Alexander army fought and defeated King Porus....Do what one king does to another, said Porus...

    Best reachable in the cooler months (or early morning) as temperature soars to 45 C+ during summer.

    Fort Nandana: Perched on top of a 500 foot cliff Room with a view Local View from the fort, Jehlum river and plains
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    • Archeology
    • Hiking and Walking

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Khewra Sports & Outdoors

  • besal's Profile Photo

    by besal Written May 23, 2014

    Salt ranges, with various trails and villages, offers a mountain biker opportunity to hit ancient rocky trails. There are no markings, no maps, no idea where these trails are. Went with locals living in Khewra, who knew about such trails . Started from Kusak Fort all the way down (600-700 feet) to Khewra. Locals said that this rocky trail was made at the time of Alexander the Great. Maybe, but the Brits also used it to explore and trade.

    Equipment: Best hardtail or even better full suspension.
    Plenty of water and energy bars (chocolates)

    A local guide...who is into biking.

    Kusak Fort, from where the trail starts Crossing a stream Pooped out on the trail The salt ranges, check the video
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    • Hiking and Walking
    • Eco-Tourism
    • Cycling

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Khewra Favorites

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    by besal Updated Apr 29, 2007

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    Favorite thing: It is believed that Salt Rock Lamps are natural air ionizers, air purifiers and natural healers. They clean the air through negative ions, I guess something similar to lightning during a thunderstorm. Some also believe that the ions given off by the salt in the mines is a primary cause for curing asthma. How or why has not been scientifically determined. Even PMDC has built an allergy Asthma Resort at this site for this purpose.

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    • Road Trip
    • Eco-Tourism

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