The Taxila museum -exploring Greek roots
As you the VT reader may know Alexander The Greats last stop in his congest was here in this Part of South Asia and there is evidence that Greek was written and spoken here for about a 1000 years from 327B.C.E. until sometime in the 6th or 7th hundred. You can study all of this at the Indo-Greek strata section at the Taxila Museum see all the Archaeological artifacts from the John Marshall "Taxila, Archeological excavations". Here is a very well done a 15 min video of Taxila
Alaxandia and his men came through the far north of Pakistan 327 B.C.E in the highlands of Northern Pakistan he felt the necessity to trim down the army that he had led through Persia to accommodate the different climate and terrain that they would face. He burned all of the baggage wagons of Persian booty that hindered his mobility, and he dismissed a large number of his soldiers, reshaping his army with several thousand Persian cavalrymen. The remaining Greek troops were left under the command of general Eudemus. Sometime after 321 Eudemus toppled Taxiles and this became the Sort of Greek capital. Peithon, son of Agenor and Greek ("Yavana") troops seem to have assisted Chandragupta Maurya in toppling the Nanda Dynasty.
Indo-Greek Kingdom (or sometimes Graeco-Indian Kingdom covered various parts of the northwest and northern Indian subcontinent until 10 CE, and was ruled by a succession of more than thirty Hellenic and Hellenistic kings.
For example the coin below was that of Menander I (known as Milinda in Sanskrit and Pali) was one of the rulers of the Indo-Greek Kingdom in present-day Pakistan from 155 or 150 to 130 BC.
Apollodotus I was an Indo-Greek king between 180 and 160 BCE who ruled the western and southern parts of the Indo-Greek kingdom, from Taxila
The Taxila museum is open from 0830-1230; 1430-1730 in summer time (1 April-30 September). 0800-1600 in winter (1 October-31 March).
Sirkap is the name of an archaeological site on the bank opposite to the city of Taxila, Punjab, Pakistan.There u will find ancient Buddhist stupas.In 184, the Greeks invaded Gandara and the Punjab again. From now on, there was a Greek king living in Taxila.The Round Stupa,Apsidal Temple,Double-Headed Eagle Stupa and the Jain temple r the important features of the ancient city ruins.
- Historical Travel
It is the world famous museum.If u have any interest in archeology or even if u don't still it is a wonderful museum to visit.For kids of 10yrs or below it's free but for res u have to buy 15rs ticket which is cheap.The museum contains archeological ruins of Indus valley civilization,Gandhara civilization and ancient statues of buddah.here are 4000 objects displayed, including stone, stucco, terracotta, silver, gold, iron and semiprecious stones. Mainly the display consists of objects from the period 600 B.C to 500 AD. Buddhist, Hindu and Jain cults are well represented through these objects discovered from three ancient cities and more than two dozen buddhist stupas and monasteries and Greek temples. Taxila Museum is located 35 km from Islamabad on the Grand Trunk Road to Peshawar.There is greenery and a lawn 4 kids with swings.Also a small shop with antiques but not just they r of bad quality but also expensive.U can also ask a guard to guide u through the museum.This will help u to know more about the things their in case u haven't done ur homework.
- Historical Travel
- Family Travel
Built during Sir Mortimer Wheeler’s time, the museum houses majority of the artifacts of his exhaustive excavations. The museum is notable for housing Gandharan sculptures and art, giving a good idea of what Taxila was during its heyday. There is also a good collection of coins and silver ornaments displayed along with various other artifacts.
One reason why this museum is well preserved is thanks to grants from various countries, especially Japan. Secondly a lot of dignitaries, on and off visits Taxila as it is a short distance from Islamabad/Rawalpindi.
It is open from 0830-1230; 1430-1730 in summer time (1 April-30 September). 0800-1600 in winter (1 October-31 March). Every first Monday of each month, Taxila museum is closed for routine repair/maintenance/cleaning operations.
For details on what is there to see in Taxila (other then the museum) see my off the beaten path tips.
- Arts and Culture
- Road Trip