the visitors come for paying tribute n regards to saints in this historical city. Uch Sharif is unrivalled for the number of its shrines, and it is said that every inch of the ground is occupied by the grave of a saint. There are two families of Sayyids in Uch Sharif, the bukhari and Jilani. The most celebrated shrine of the bukhari saint is that of the Makhdoom Sher Shah Jalal-u-Din Surkh Posh Bukhari entitled the second Adam. He was born at Bukhara on Monday the first of Ramazan, 595 Hijri. He is also known as Sayyid Jalal or Sher Shah Sayyid Jalal. His history and pedigree are given in extend in such works as the Mazher-i-Jalali, the Akber-ul-Akhyar, the Rauzat-ul-Ahbab, Maraij-ul-Walayat, Manaqabi Qutbi, the Siyar-ul-Aqtar, the Siyar-ul-Arifeen, the Manaqib-ul-Asifya etc. These books only exist in manuscript and are generally found in the position of Bukhari Sayyids.
The other famous shrines at Uch is that of Hazrat Syed Bandagi Muhammad ghaus gilani, who was descendant of Hazrat Sheikh Abdul Qadir Gilani of Baghdad. This saint came to Uch in 1509 and founded Uch Gilani. He was universally respected as a man of great spritual power and set up his mission to preach Islam. another noted saint of Uch was Makhdoom Jahanian, also known as Jahanian Jahan gasht, a grandson of Syed Jalal. his entire life was spent in travel. He performed 36 pilgrimajes to Holy city of Mekkah. he was well versed in Philosophy and theology. the oldest shrine at Uch is that of Sheikh Saif-ud-Din Ghazrooni, who was the first Muslim saint to settle in Uch. most probably, ghazrooni is the oldest saint's tomb in the whole sub-continent.
The historical period of Uch starts with the invasion of Alexander of Greece. It was than named Askaland Ussah or Alexandria Uchcha. A famous tourist Ibn Batoota calls it Uja, Cunnigam, Alexendria and Raverty, Bhatia. In local books, it is variously written as Dev Garh, Hod, Hoj, Hoch, Uja, Oujah. It is also believed that present name Uch was imported from Turkistan (Central Asia) by syed Jalal-ud-Din. In Turkistan, Uch Kargan and Uch Utchak were, and still are two important towns.
Alexander came to Uch after conquering the northern parts of India, Cunningham says: As his army marched towards the south-west of Punjab, Alexander caught glimpse of the town and its surroundings captivated him so much that he ordered his army to halt. When the sun had gone down and the city on the elevated plain was completely drenched in multi-colored lights. The great warrior was so my impressed by the greatness of the city that next morning he permitted many soldiers of his army to have the much deserved rest and relaxation. In all Alexander spent over a fortnight in the city and renamed it Alexandria. Uch has undergone great vicissitudes. It was captured by Mahmood of Ghazni and later the Muhammad Ghori. And than it was under the rule of a Hindu Raja. And than came sultan Shihab-ud-Din who made some underhand deals with the wife of Raja and able to murdered him. Sultan Shihab-ud-Din entrusted the governorship of Uch to Ali Karmakh. After Ali Karmakh’s death started the rule of Nasir-ud-Din Qabacha.
Under Qabacha, Uch was the capital of Sindh and a great seat of Muslim learning. Qabacha reigned over Sindh, Uch and Multan for 22 years. Uch afterwards remained subject to Delhi for a long period of time.
The real ruler who ruled the hearts and souls and still ruling for almost 900 years, came into Uch Sharif in 12th century is “Sher Shah Syed Jalal-ud-Din Surkhposh Bukhari” also known as “Durr-i-Jalal” and “Second Adam”. According to local writings, the ruler of Uch at that time was Raja Deo Singh and Uch was known as Deo Garh.