Taxila is an archaeological site, located in the Punjab province of Pakistan , about 15 miles west of the Islamabad Capital Territory and Rawalpindi , on the border of the Punjab and North West Frontier Province and just off the Grand Trunk Road. Its coordinates are 33.76° N 72.84° E.
Taxila is a very ancient city once has the best unversities of the world where the great Sanskrit Professor Panini wrote the grammer of sanskrit and established the roots of linguistics. Taxila is still a very famous city has a very sophisticated Engineering University and many state of the art technical installations high tech equpments like Al-Khaled Tanks are manufactured and is one the centre of Islambad/Rawapindi and Wah. A slightly moderate climate than Islamabad. It is still famous of its handicrafts as it used to be about two thousand years ago.
Taxila (then called taksh-shila) was an ancient Hindu and Buddhist seat of learning, connected across the Khunjerab pass to the Silk Road , attracting students from all over the world. Ancient Takshashila was renowned all over the Buddhist world as home to the world's first university ( Takshashila University ). It flourished during the first-fifth centuries AD (see Gandhara). Located at the junction of three major trade routes, it was of considerable economic and strategic importance.
An archaeological site of three successive cities, near Rawalpindi, Pakistan. There between the 7th cent. BC and the 7th cent. AD was a flourishing city, famous as an ancient seat of learning. It was occupied (326 BC) by Alexander the Great, became prosperous under the empire of Asoka, and was overrun (c.1st-2d cent. AD) by the Kushans. It was a center of Buddhist studies and was visited in the 7th cent. by Hsüan-tsang . There are remains of Buddhist stupas and monasteries as well as sculpture of the Gandharan school of art. Taxila was strongly influenced by the goods and ideas were carried along this route from Rome to India to China, passing through Afghanistan and Pakistan. The site played host to a succession of rulers, including Mauryan, Bactrian, Scythian, and Kushan empires.Taxila illustrates the different stages in the development of a city on the Indus that was alternately influenced by Persia, Greece and Central Asia and which, from the 5th century B.C. to the 2nd century A.D., was an important Buddhist centre of learning.
Taxila is very interesting if you are from Europe, knowing that the Greek culture is one of the major basis of our western culture.
To see the columns of a greek temple with corinthian decoration on the upper part of the columns so far away from Greece is a must.
don't worry about security , you'll be accompanied by armed policemen.
Visit Taxila (abouthalf an hour drive by taxi from Rawalpindi. Here is an 25 sq km area where you can visit various excavations.