These small but lovely gardens are laid out by the remnants of the defensive moat that used to surround Intramuros . From here you catch a glimpse of Puerta Real, the royal gate that was reserved for stately processions, and a section of Intramuros' moss-covered walls. With their highly evocative atmosphere, Puerta Real Gardens provide a fitting venue for Intramuros Evenings, a series of cultural shows staged annually under the management of the Intramuros Administration.
Silahis Arts and Artifacts is much more than just a shop selling local handicrafts. A visit to the center can help the tourist understand the multiple influences and aspects of Filipino art and culture. On display are historical artifacts, fine crafts, folk art, oriental ceramics, textiles, antiques, books, prints and sculpture. In a way, every piece purchased here serves as an expression of Filipino culture and lifestyle.
Plaza San Luis Complex is a cultural-cum-commercial complex currently composed of five houses - Casa Manila, Casa Urdaneta, Casa Blanca, Los Hidalgos and El Hogar Filipino. Plaza San Luis will eventually consist of 9 houses representing different areas in Filipino/Hispanic architecture. Aside from gift and specialty shops, the complex has a museum at Casa Manila, containing the 19th century and early 20th century furnitures found in a typical filipino illustrado or the priviledged class home.
It serves as residence and office of the governor general during the Spanish rule. The earthquake of 1863 damaged the palace. The governor then transferred residence to Malacañang in the San Miguel district, upstream of the Pasig. The building was in ruins until its remaining walls were integrated into 14-story building, called Palacio del Gobernador. The structure houses government offices and the Intramuros Administration.
This is the photo of "Palacio del Gobernador" from the named itself, you will noticed that we were really influenced by the Spanish. Palacio del Gobernador is located beside the Manila Cathedral.
Sorry again for another cut & paste. I just can't help it. The below information is from "wordpress.com". This will give you more full insight about this old building.
Residence and office of the governor general. Although the site for the governor’s palace facing the Plaza Mayor had been determined early on, no structure was built on it until the late 17th century. In the beginning, the governor’s residence was apparently built nearer Fort Santiago, facing Plaza Militar.
The palace was rebuilt at its present site by Gov. Gen. Fausto Cruzat y Góngora (1690-1701) following an atrial plan, divided by a wing that bisected the open atrium. The southern half housed the governor’s residence on the superior floor and the Secretaría de Gobierno on the lower floor, while the northern half housed the Real Audiencia or Supreme Court. The Audiencia occupied the northern wing until it acquired a building of its own in 1788.
In 1850, Gov. Gen. Narciso Claveria gave the palace a new façade in the Neoclassical idiom. The earthquake of 1863 damaged the palace. Plans to restore it were abandoned when another earthquake in 1880 struck Manila. By then the governor had transferred residence to Malacañang in the San Miguel district, upstream of the Pasig.
The building was in ruins until its remaining walls were integrated into 14-story building, called Palacio del Gobernador. The structure houses government offices and the Intramuros Administration.
This piccies are the different views of "San Agustin Church" which is also located inside the Intramuros. This is one of the well known old church in the country.
Here is another information that I have gotten from internet (please see below the link of the website). But if you don't have much time, I have copy and paste some information that will give you a full details about our historical San Agustin Church.
The first church of nipa and bamboo in 1571 was officially known as the Church and Convent of Saint Paul. This was destroyed during the Limahong invasion in 1574. Rebuilt a year later, it became the venue of the First Diocesan Synod in 1581. Destroyed by another fire in 1586, the next church was built in stone. This was designed by Juan Macias and was built from from 1587 to 1604. The sructure was so stable that the periodic earthquakes wrought minimal damage. One of the San Agustin's bell towers, however, collapsed in the 1863 earthquake.
It was in the vestry of the church that the Spaniards and Americans discussed the terms of surrender of the city in 1898. During the last days of the Battle of Manila in 1945, hundreds of Intramuros residents were gathered and held hostage in the church by Japanese soldiers. The priests were locked up in the monastery. Some of them were later killed in the air raid shelter massacre at the Palacio del Gobernador.
Although the convent was burned during the shelling of the city, the church survived. Repaired after the war, the church became the site of the first Philippine Plenary Council in 1953. It has remained a symbol of the glorious past in the old city of Intramuros.
An intricately carved door opens the church. Of great interest are the baroque pulpit, molave choir stalls and an 18th century pipe organ. Also found here is the tomb of Manila's founder and first governor-general Miguel Lopez de Legazpi, as well as the remains of other Spanish conquistadors. The monastery, on the other hand, houses an impressive collection of paintings, statues and church objects dating back to the Spanish period.
When you are in the vicinity if Intramuros, the best thing you can do with your family/friends are get your camera and take a walk, and see the old churches and old building which was built during spanish era.
This is the picture of "Manila Cathedral (Minor Basilica of the Immaculate Conception)" one of the oldest church here in Philippines. For me, this church looks like a castle :-)
Here is more information from : "Heritage Conservation Society" that I have gathered from internet that will helps to explain more about our very own Manila Cathedral:
"The Manila Cathedral (Minor Basilica of the Immaculate Conception) in Intramuros is currently the seat of the Archdiocese of Manila. It was the seat of the Archbishop of Manila during the Spanish Colonial Period in the Philippines, and still remains to be the ecclesiastical seat of the Archdiocese of Manila.
The cathedral was destroyed five times since its inception in 1581.The first cathedral, made of nipa and bamboos, was built in 1581. It was damaged by a typhoon in 1582 and razed by fire in 1583. It was rebuilt in 1592 but was destroyed by an earthquake in 1600. It was rebuilt for the third time, with three naves and seven chapels, in 1584 and blessed in 1614. It was toppled by another earthquake in 1645. Again, it was rebuilt but was severely damaged in 1863 by another strong earthquake. In 1880, another earthquake destroyed most of the cathedral including its huge bell tower. The fifth cathedral was constructed in 1870-1879. It was solemnly blessed in December of 1879 with the center cross of the dome being a reference point of astronomical longitudes of the archipelago. Alas, the magnificent cathedral was once again destroyed during World War II.
The present cathedral was constructed in 1954 to 1958 under Archbishop Rufino Santos of Manila and under the supervision of National Artist for Architecture, Fernando Ocampo. It was elevated into the rank of Basilica Minore in 1981 by Pope John Paul II.
Incidentally, the cathedral is also the resting place for Jaime Cardinal Sin, considered to be one of the leaders of the Edsa Revolution. "
San Agustin Church is one of the 4 baroque churches in the Philippines declared by UNESCO as a world heritage site. In fact, it is considered the oldest standing church in the Philippines which has survived several earthquakes.
The first church was built in 1571 made of bamboo and nipa. This was destroyed by fire and was subsequently replaced by another structure, this time made of wood. Unfortunately, this was also razed by fire. The third church was built using adobe stones. Although the construction took a long time to finish, it was worth the wait. San Agustin withstood several strong earthquakes that struck Manila as well as the heavy bombardment of the walled city during World War II. In fact, it is the only one among the 7 churches within Intramuros that survived the war minimally scathed; the rest laid in ruins.
Its unassuming facade may lack the grandeur and elegance of Manila Cathedral, yet San Agustin is probably next to the cathedral as a choice venue for weddings. Its adjacent museum and garden - Father Blanco's Garden - is also a favorite reception venue.
Manila Cathedral is the symbol of Catholicism in the Philippines as well as a manifestation of the strong devotion of the Filipinos to Mother Mary. Also known as the Minor Basilica of Immaculate Conception, the cathedral is likewise the seat of the Archdiocese of Manila.
The first church, built in 1571, was made of bamboo and nipa (cogon grass). Not surprisingly, due to the light materials used in the construction, the church was easily damaged by typhoon and was later razed by fire. The next church built was made of stone, but it was destroyed by an earthquake. Several re-construction of the church all went to nothing when they were toppled down by strong earthquakes. In 1945, the cathedral was shattered into ruins when Intramuros was heavily bombarded during the liberation of Manila.
In 1958, the present structure was consecrated on the eve of the feast of the Immaculate Conception. And in 1981, the cathedral was elevated into the rank of minor basilica. Underneath the cathedral's altar, very much similar to Vatican's St. Peter's Basilica, the crypts or tombs of past archbishops of Manila can be found.
Manila Cathedral is also a very popular choice for wedding ceremonies. It is said that at least, one year reservation is necessary to get a wedding slot. And a slot is equivalent to about 1.5 hours only, which for a traditional Filipino wedding, is considered "haphazard". Consequently, post-ceremony picture-taking is mostly done outside the church to give way to the next scheduled wedding.
Intramuros literally means "within the walls", coined from 2 Spanish words "intra" and "muros". During the Spanish occupation of the Philippines, Intamuros became the political, religious, and military seat of the country. Churches, schools, and government offices were built including Palacio del Governador or equivalent to present day Malacanang Palace. At that time, only Spaniards and Mestizos (mixed Filipino and European) were allowed to reside within the walled city, although native Filipinos and Chinese were allowed to visit or enter Intramuros.
During the Philippine revolt against Spanish rule, many Filipino revolutionaries, foremost is the national hero Dr. Jose Rizal, were incarcerated in the several chambers of the fort. In fact, Dr. Rizal spent his last night in one of the cellars and began his walk to his death at Luneta from Intramuros.
The walled city was heavily bombarded during World War II, particularly towards the end of the war. Every structure within its walls lay in ruins except for San Agustin Church, considered the oldest surviving church in the Philippines.
In the '80s, former First Lady Imelda Marcos directed the rehabilitation of Intramuros as part of her "beautification" campaign. Old buildings were refurbished, plazas and gardens were resurrected, fine dining restaurants were established, and while new buildings were constructed, they were patterned after European architecture to retain the Spanish-era influences.
The oldest stone church in the Philippines. Its construction was started in 1587 and was completed in 1607 under the supervision of the Augustinian Fathers; Francesco de Bustos, Ildefonso Perez, Diego de Avila and Brother Alonzo de Perea. The architect was Juan Macias. It has withstood many earthquakes from 1645 up to the present. It has survived the British invasion in 1762, the Spanish-American war in 1898 and the Japanese invasion in 1942.
The Church of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception, as the new Manila settlement came under the patronage of La Purisima Inmaculada Concepcion. The Church provided all the religious dealings for the new settlement.
The original structure was made from local materials, the same used in the buildings of local native huts of the time, principally of nipa and bamboo. Later, during the first Spanish occupation of the Philippines, both the new settlement of Manila and the Church grew. On 6th February 1579, Pope Gregory XIII issued the Papal Bull establishing the Diocese of Manila. From this time onwards the Church of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception was elevated to the level of cathedral, under the title of Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary. With the elevation to Cathedral status also came the rule of a Bishop. The Bishop of the Manila Diocese was Bishop Domingo de Salazar. In September 1581 Bishop Salazar put steps in place to start the building of the Manila Cathedral, under the advocation of the Immaculate Conception. By December 1581 the old parish church of Manila was built into the Manila Cathedral.
The walled city and the old capital of Manila. It was built in 1571 and remains monumental , a relic of the Spanish period in Philippine history. It is a city within a city, separated from the rest of Manila by its crumbling walls. This ancient capital had well-planned streets, plazas, the Governor's Palace and churches. However, many buildings were reduced to shambles in World War II. The popular point of interest in Intramuros are, the Manila Cathedral, San Agustin Church and Fort Santiago.
Casa Manila's restoration was apparently inspired by the notorious Imelda Marcos who seemed to spare no expense re-creating a 19th century Spanish grandee's home. The 40-cm wide hardwood floor planks and the abundant Narra wood furniture are a testament to the realistic restoration of the place.
Case Manila gives a sense of both the pace of life and the scale of support it must have taken to maintain a house in those olden days. Though not hugely comfortable by today's standards, it's clear that there was time and care given to comfort within the limits of the day's technology. The way the kitchen area works is particularly insightful and the views of the city hall from the formal entertainment area are noteworthy
Right next door to Casa Manila is an art gallery by noted artist Amado (Odama). Take a look at his creative flights of fancy starring himself.
SAN AGUSTIN CHURCH
San Agustin is well worth a look if you're interested in religion, history, architecture or organ music. This church has been maintained and re-built after earthquakes and wars and is one of the oldest catholic churches in Asia.