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Palacio Del Gobernador
It serves as residence and office of the governor general during the Spanish rule. The earthquake of 1863 damaged the palace. The governor then transferred residence to Malacañang in the San Miguel district, upstream of the Pasig. The building was in ruins until its remaining walls were integrated into 14-story building, called Palacio del Gobernador. The structure houses government offices and the Intramuros Administration.
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Intramuros - Manila Cathedral
Manila Cathedral was built in 1578. During 17th and 19th centuries, it faced serious damages to its structures owing to earthquake but was later restored. Present structure rose from ruins of old Cathedral that was heavily bombarded during battle of liberation in 1945.
Getting married here is considered pride by locals. A year in advance request is required for scheduling two hour ceremony.
Intramuros ("within the walls") was built by Spaniards during 16th century. It is located on the banks of Pasig River in Manila city. At that time Intramuros was itself Manila city. During 1945 war, Intramuros was bombarded and only building left was San Agustin Church, rest was all ruined. However, during 1980's city was restored by Intramuros Administration. This walled city is the only place in Manila that reminds of Spanish era.
A walk to remember
This is the photo of "Palacio del Gobernador" from the named itself, you will noticed that we were really influenced by the Spanish. Palacio del Gobernador is located beside the Manila Cathedral.
Sorry again for another cut & paste. I just can't help it. The below information is from "wordpress.com". This will give you more full insight about this old building.
Residence and office of the governor general. Although the site for the governor’s palace facing the Plaza Mayor had been determined early on, no structure was built on it until the late 17th century. In the beginning, the governor’s residence was apparently built nearer Fort Santiago, facing Plaza Militar.
The palace was rebuilt at its present site by Gov. Gen. Fausto Cruzat y Góngora (1690-1701) following an atrial plan, divided by a wing that bisected the open atrium. The southern half housed the governor’s residence on the superior floor and the Secretaría de Gobierno on the lower floor, while the northern half housed the Real Audiencia or Supreme Court. The Audiencia occupied the northern wing until it acquired a building of its own in 1788.
In 1850, Gov. Gen. Narciso Claveria gave the palace a new façade in the Neoclassical idiom. The earthquake of 1863 damaged the palace. Plans to restore it were abandoned when another earthquake in 1880 struck Manila. By then the governor had transferred residence to Malacañang in the San Miguel district, upstream of the Pasig.
The building was in ruins until its remaining walls were integrated into 14-story building, called Palacio del Gobernador. The structure houses government offices and the Intramuros Administration.
A Walk to Remember
When you are in the vicinity if Intramuros, the best thing you can do with your family/friends are get your camera and take a walk, and see the old churches and old building which was built during spanish era.
This is the picture of "Manila Cathedral (Minor Basilica of the Immaculate Conception)" one of the oldest church here in Philippines. For me, this church looks like a castle :-)
Here is more information from : "Heritage Conservation Society" that I have gathered from internet that will helps to explain more about our very own Manila Cathedral:
"The Manila Cathedral (Minor Basilica of the Immaculate Conception) in Intramuros is currently the seat of the Archdiocese of Manila. It was the seat of the Archbishop of Manila during the Spanish Colonial Period in the Philippines, and still remains to be the ecclesiastical seat of the Archdiocese of Manila.
The cathedral was destroyed five times since its inception in 1581.The first cathedral, made of nipa and bamboos, was built in 1581. It was damaged by a typhoon in 1582 and razed by fire in 1583. It was rebuilt in 1592 but was destroyed by an earthquake in 1600. It was rebuilt for the third time, with three naves and seven chapels, in 1584 and blessed in 1614. It was toppled by another earthquake in 1645. Again, it was rebuilt but was severely damaged in 1863 by another strong earthquake. In 1880, another earthquake destroyed most of the cathedral including its huge bell tower. The fifth cathedral was constructed in 1870-1879. It was solemnly blessed in December of 1879 with the center cross of the dome being a reference point of astronomical longitudes of the archipelago. Alas, the magnificent cathedral was once again destroyed during World War II.
The present cathedral was constructed in 1954 to 1958 under Archbishop Rufino Santos of Manila and under the supervision of National Artist for Architecture, Fernando Ocampo. It was elevated into the rank of Basilica Minore in 1981 by Pope John Paul II.
Incidentally, the cathedral is also the resting place for Jaime Cardinal Sin, considered to be one of the leaders of the Edsa Revolution. "
Manila Cathedral is the symbol of Catholicism in the Philippines as well as a manifestation of the strong devotion of the Filipinos to Mother Mary. Also known as the Minor Basilica of Immaculate Conception, the cathedral is likewise the seat of the Archdiocese of Manila.
The first church, built in 1571, was made of bamboo and nipa (cogon grass). Not surprisingly, due to the light materials used in the construction, the church was easily damaged by typhoon and was later razed by fire. The next church built was made of stone, but it was destroyed by an earthquake. Several re-construction of the church all went to nothing when they were toppled down by strong earthquakes. In 1945, the cathedral was shattered into ruins when Intramuros was heavily bombarded during the liberation of Manila.
In 1958, the present structure was consecrated on the eve of the feast of the Immaculate Conception. And in 1981, the cathedral was elevated into the rank of minor basilica. Underneath the cathedral's altar, very much similar to Vatican's St. Peter's Basilica, the crypts or tombs of past archbishops of Manila can be found.
Manila Cathedral is also a very popular choice for wedding ceremonies. It is said that at least, one year reservation is necessary to get a wedding slot. And a slot is equivalent to about 1.5 hours only, which for a traditional Filipino wedding, is considered "haphazard". Consequently, post-ceremony picture-taking is mostly done outside the church to give way to the next scheduled wedding.
- Historical Travel
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The Walled City
Intramuros literally means "within the walls", coined from 2 Spanish words "intra" and "muros". During the Spanish occupation of the Philippines, Intamuros became the political, religious, and military seat of the country. Churches, schools, and government offices were built including Palacio del Governador or equivalent to present day Malacanang Palace. At that time, only Spaniards and Mestizos (mixed Filipino and European) were allowed to reside within the walled city, although native Filipinos and Chinese were allowed to visit or enter Intramuros.
During the Philippine revolt against Spanish rule, many Filipino revolutionaries, foremost is the national hero Dr. Jose Rizal, were incarcerated in the several chambers of the fort. In fact, Dr. Rizal spent his last night in one of the cellars and began his walk to his death at Luneta from Intramuros.
The walled city was heavily bombarded during World War II, particularly towards the end of the war. Every structure within its walls lay in ruins except for San Agustin Church, considered the oldest surviving church in the Philippines.
In the '80s, former First Lady Imelda Marcos directed the rehabilitation of Intramuros as part of her "beautification" campaign. Old buildings were refurbished, plazas and gardens were resurrected, fine dining restaurants were established, and while new buildings were constructed, they were patterned after European architecture to retain the Spanish-era influences.
- Historical Travel
The Church of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception, as the new Manila settlement came under the patronage of La Purisima Inmaculada Concepcion. The Church provided all the religious dealings for the new settlement.
The original structure was made from local materials, the same used in the buildings of local native huts of the time, principally of nipa and bamboo. Later, during the first Spanish occupation of the Philippines, both the new settlement of Manila and the Church grew. On 6th February 1579, Pope Gregory XIII issued the Papal Bull establishing the Diocese of Manila. From this time onwards the Church of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception was elevated to the level of cathedral, under the title of Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary. With the elevation to Cathedral status also came the rule of a Bishop. The Bishop of the Manila Diocese was Bishop Domingo de Salazar. In September 1581 Bishop Salazar put steps in place to start the building of the Manila Cathedral, under the advocation of the Immaculate Conception. By December 1581 the old parish church of Manila was built into the Manila Cathedral.
The walled city and the old capital of Manila. It was built in 1571 and remains monumental , a relic of the Spanish period in Philippine history. It is a city within a city, separated from the rest of Manila by its crumbling walls. This ancient capital had well-planned streets, plazas, the Governor's Palace and churches. However, many buildings were reduced to shambles in World War II. The popular point of interest in Intramuros are, the Manila Cathedral, San Agustin Church and Fort Santiago.
Centuries-old church maintains traditions
SAN AGUSTIN CHURCH
San Agustin is well worth a look if you're interested in religion, history, architecture or organ music. This church has been maintained and re-built after earthquakes and wars and is one of the oldest catholic churches in Asia.
Intramuros gives insight into an interesting past
I did a walking tour of Intramuros with a friend who has a good sense of the country's history and was able to fill out the rather dry and under-documented displays on offer here with interesting side bars.
We spent the bulk of our time in Fort Santiago where Jose Rizal, the country's inspirational poet/doctor leader was imprisoned in the last century before his execution. The site also honors the hundreds of filipinos who died at the hands of the occupying Japanese.
The sense it gave me was the the Philippines has long been ill-used by one occupying or another or even from corrupt internal officials. There's a certain abiding hope under a lot of resignation. This site overlooking the river really doesn't make a huge difference given how few people visit, but it's an important reminder of times gone by.
- Historical Travel
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Intramuros- The Walled City
Enjoy the history and Spanish architecture of the city ,within the walls. Follow the steps of Jose Rizal,walk the grounds of Fort Santiago,sit in the garden,take a ride in a horse drawn carriage,tour the museum, San Augustin Church, watch the people and absorb, Filipino history and culture.
Intramuros, was the first historic place that my husband and I visited together, in the country , in which he was born. He had told me about-Intramuros, his school, Letran College, the Spanish Architecture and influences that shaped the Filipino culture and his character.
We were pressed for time- give yourself the morning to enjoy the museum, fort ruins, and lovely landscaped grounds. It is a place worth seeing and exploring.We will have to go back to visit. Lots of walking. Too hot and too much walking in the PM for my elderly father. He still enjoyed the historic site., as we did.
- Museum Visits
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The old city inside the walls
Intramuros surrounds the old Manila city with many attractions inside worth visiting such as Manila Cathedral, Fort Santiago, San Augustin Church, Casa Manila. Another interesting thing is the golf course which is just beside Intramuros. You can spend a full day visiting this area which summarizes the history of Manila at a glance.
San Agustin Museum
San Agustin Museum was originally a monastery that was converted into a museum in 1973. The Museum showcases Filipino, Chinese, Spanish, and Mexican art treasures.
Entrance fee: 80 Php. Keep your ticket; you may exchange it for a complimentary drink at their coffee shop. (I got my iced tea! Thank you, San Agustin! I needed it!)
- Museum Visits
The Intramuros and its DARK secrets
Even how many times we've been to Manila, I never bothered to visit the Intramuros, not until 2005. I finally wanted to see how it look and i dont regret it.
The Intramuros is like the old version of Manila. You will see alot of different architextures and buildings of the past, some even since the japanese war. But for me the best part here was taking a Calessa and feeling like a tourist in my own country! I love the Calessa ride! It takes you around the Intramuros. So if your fat and lazy like me, simply take a Calessa, its a better and relaxing way to see the Intramuros!
But did you know Intramuros has a dark secret? From what I heard, that at night, spirits of the past linger around this area, and many people seen headless ghost that are roaming around the whole Intramuros. So if your planning to go to the Intramuros at night for some romance (A popular spot for romance at night) You better beware and watch out who your kissing! It might be a ghost!
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