too bad that it was cloudy when we visited it so you can't see kaesong, ongjin peninsula at the horizon even with binoculars. those areas were originally part of south korea since they are below the 38th parallel but was captured by the north during the war. South korea captured land above the 38th parallel in the east part. (sockcho and mount sorak are above the 38th!) hence the 38th parallel ceased to be the dividing line, and the Military Demarcation Line is the de facto border nowadays!
The Third Tunnel of Aggression was discovered in October of 1978. It is located 52km from Seoul. It is apparently designed for a surprise attack on Seoul from North Korea and can easily accommodate a full division per hour along with their weaponry. A total of four tunnels have been discovered so far, but there are believed to be up to ten moreApproximately 10,000 soldiers can move through this tunnel in one hour.
The 1950-1953 Korean War came to an end with the division of the country along .. the 38th Parallel. To the north, with the backing of communist Chinese and Soviet troops, a Stalinist state was fully established; while in the south predominantly American forces with the backing of the United Nations supported the régime there. This division, which reflected ancient factions in Korean society, helped shape geopolitics for the remainder of the twentieth century. The border stretches from the west to the east coast of the Korean peninsula, is 4 km wide and is known as the Demilitarized Zone, or DMZ, (In the Middle is the Military Demarcation Line or MDL) something of a misnomer considering the huge number of military personnel (over two million troops) and matériel in position. This is the LAST front line of the Cold War.
Caveat: DMZ tour is Different from Panmunjeon Tour (DMZ tour doesn't go to Panmunjeom) hence the price is lower in DMZ tours. (Hotel - Imjingak Park - The Bridge of Freedom - DMZ Theater & Exhibition Hall - The 3rd Infiltration Tunnel - Dora Observatory - Dora Station - Pass by Unification Village - Ginseng center (or Amethyst factory) - Hotel) and it costs 48,000 won. Panmunjeom tours go to JSA, Camp Bonifas, Bridge of Return and costs 70,000 won. Apopular option is to Combine both and the cost is about 125,000 won.
Imjingak, located 7 km from the Military Demarcation Line, was built in 1972, The park has many statues and monuments regarding the Korean War. The park was built to console those from North Korea who are unable to return to their hometowns, friends and families because of the division of Korea. Imjingak is where the "Freedom Bridge" lies. The Freedom bridge does not actually cross the Imjin river, but it is a bridge which was used by refugees from the north. It crosses a stream adjacent to the Imjin river. In front of Imjingak, there is the Gyeongui Train Line which was destroyed during the Korean Conflict in 1950. It has been under construction since 2000
This is the northernmost observatory in South Korea where one can see right into North Korea. Be aware one cannot take photographs directly next to the walls and South Korean soldiers will stop you.
This is the first stop on the DMZ tour and the last stop for private vehicles. Beyond this point, only special buses are allowed to go to the DMZ.
This memorial was erected for the Eventual Reunification of North and South Korea and also for the unknown train personnel who died during the korean war.
the DMZ Cable car has a view of Imjingak Park and the Imjin River and runs back and forth through the DMZ but not near the Military Demarcation Line. a ride costs 7,000 won.