Phra Nakhon Khiri, known locally as Khao Wang, was built in 1860 by King Rama IV or better known as King Mongkut.
It is a number of royal palaces, temples and even as astrononical observation tower as a royal summer residence. It was King Mongkut who went into monkhood for many years before becoming the first "modern" King of Siam. King Mongkut hired many foreigners to modernise his country including an English school teacher "Anna Leonowens" which has inspired the movie "King and I".
Today this location has been converted into a historical park for tourists worthy of a visit if you are in the neighborhood.
King Rama IV loved this place so much he built a palace up here which was completed in 1860. The architectural character can be best described as a mixture of Chinese and Thai styles.
The walk up to the palace is steep, but on reaching the top, one is rewarded with magnificent vistas of Petburi, and its surrounds.
Located on the mountain with 121 metres as the highest peak in Petchburi. This temple assume to be built in Ayutthaya period as the forest temple where King Sue of Ayutthaya used to came here for meditation. The must things to see ‘re -Pediment of ubosot which so beautiful in style and presented how local artisans made. It siad to be built in Ayudhaya period. -Some caves on the mountain, this temple was once famous in meditation place . King Sue of Ayudhaya period have ever been there for meditation ,so you can found one cave name King Sue cave.
This temple was built in ayudhaya period . Some scholars said that this temple ‘s the example of Ayudhaya art. The must see things here 're -Ubosot which surrounded with sema or boundary markers.The curved base of this building was the style of late Ayutthaya period.On the pediment of Ubosot decorated with finest stucco depicted Narayana God on devil and inside the Ubosot,housed the Buddha image in Ayutthaya style.- Prang and chedi .
All was built and decorated with Ayudhaya style. (just some parts renovated ,but all was from local artisans). Other interesting things are finest stuccos on the bases of Sema or Boundary markers.Depicted about the giants or Yaksas holding the sema.
In my case, the whole trip to Petchaburi was an outing from Cha am, so going to the temple was built in. I did not have to prepare to leave the city and visit some "off the beaten track" spot. Nevertheless, it was quite the surprise: temple guarded by monkeys and situated in a stupefying open-dome cave - some wild rendition of the Magripa temple in Rome. Once insight it is impossible to be left indifferent: the statues, the stalactites, the indirect light, and the funny noises of the fauna. I am sure that this place is unique in its quality of geographical closeness to centers of modern life, (such as Bangkok and Cha am) and spiritual remoteness from these very neighbours.
The mangrove studies and conservation centre in Bangtaboon Wittaya School. This centre began by the School director who interested in mangrove forest in school area. First,he built the bridge through the forest and managed the subject to studied on mangrove forest. After a long management,the centre became an interested place for public. A practice guide for students was began,til now it 's both for students and others who interesting.
In this forest, I 've seen a lot of monkeys,crabs,fishes and some mangrove animals. Apart from animals,the mangrove trees are also interesting.
Open : 8.30 - 16.00 on weekday ,appoint if holiday visitting.
Service : free local guide tour
Donation is required.
The old temple where was built in late Ayudhaya period.
The must see things :
-A group of old building,chedi ,viharn and ubosot in Ayudhaya style . Inside decorated with mural paintings depicted about Buddha story ,on the mural painting wrote a painted time as 2277 B.E. Try to find some pictures represented the foreigners who came to Ayudhaya Kingdom.
-Old pulpit , same style as one in Yai Suwannaram temple.
-Old pier on the West side of temple. Not so interesting much, but when I came there it was on the evening time and felt it was so great with old style pier hall and canal scene.
-The temple museum, housed so many fine wood carving stuffs from the past.
A new temple built in the old location of Khmer sanctuary. These khmer sanctuary have 3 towers standing from North to South. Some scholars assumed this sanctuary was built when Khmer influence spreaded over Thailand,that time ‘d be in the reign of King Jayavarman VII of Khmer Kingdom or so called Bayon period. Also they said it was built in Mahayana of Buddhism, each towers was once houses Buddha image cover with naga (South tower),Bodhisattava Avalokitesavara and Prajana Parmita image ( North tower) and Chaiyabuddhamahanath image (Central tower).
All towers or prangs was built from laterite and decorated with stucco . All are not in destroyed by time and weather , so please be careful on seeing inside.
The New Tai Dam Cultural Centre located in the village and not far from the entrance much. Inside the centre,there are some bangalos in Tai Dam traditional house with air-con and bathroom. Also, the centre presented the method of making Tai Dam fabric. Actually,this new centre ,Thai Government came to built this new one but it's not work much. And all resources housed in the old one more.
Open : Sat - Sun 10.00 - 14.00
Appoint before if weekday
Homestay cost : 200 B/person/night with one meal
The one popular beach in the past where have a long 4 kms beach. Today, it 's still famous as low price beach in Petchburi. The symbol of this beach are the big models of giant &some characters from Phra Aphayamanee literature in Thai. For accomodation,almost are bangalows and townhouses. And the price are around 800 - 1000B. Also ,there are some restaurants and food stalls on the main road paralelled to the beach. And on weekday always be quiet than holiday.
Khao Luang is a small mountain with height 92 meters.Inside this mountain, there is a deep cave on Luang mountain where built as a temple. This cave happened in the record of European who travelled to this area for 100 years ago. It also happened in the thai literature which wrote by the great Author "Sunthornphu" in the early Rattanakosin period. Inside this cave housed some buddha images and chedis in Ayudhaya style and Rattankosin period. The most sacred Buddha image is the huge reclining buddha image with 9 meter in lenght.
Or called in a short name , Wat Yai. This temple was built in Ayudhaya period by local artisans (Phetchaburi artisans was so famous in Ayudhaya period and it ‘s still be alive.) and renovated again in King Rama V in Rattanakosin period.
Interesting things :
-Sala Karn Parien or a hall for sermons, once was a pavillion of King Sue in Ayudhaya period.He was dedicated this pavillion for the famous royal abbot named Tangmo. This building was built from teak wood and decorated with gold on lacquer.The most famous and be as masterpiece is the front central door(on the East). Inside, housed 2 pulpits ,one was built in Ayudhaya period which is so beautiful carving.
-Ubosot or ordination hall, located in main building complex.The most famous is mural painting which was painted in Ayudhaya period. You can see 5 ranges of gods,rishis and yaksas paying respect to the principal buddha image (as a symbol of Buddha).
-Hor Tri or a hall for keeping scripture, located in pond on the South side of ubosot complex. It is hardly found for now,both from style which stands on only 3 pillars and located in pond (for protect insects ).
Old temple where built in Ayudhaya period.In 2454 the monk header built a new Ubosot by ancient method on construction.The most attraction 's Ubosot wall where decorated all the panels outside by carving teakwood. All carving are about nature,animals,the story about Buddha reincanation stories and chinese monkey story. In an area of temple also represented old cart and antiques.
The principle temple in Petchaburi province where local people called Wat Mahathat. Origanally,thai believe that every important cities should have a place for housed the great relic of Buddha. They called that place as Mahathat temple and located in the city centre where they thought it's the most important place in the city.
So Wat Mahathat in Petchburi is one important and sacred place in Thailand. Because if its important, the renovation always happened and it seems a place of art collections esp. the Petchburi stucco style which origin in Ayutthaya period.
The most sacred building in this temple is Prang with 5 spires, the principle one is the most highest and surrounded with 4 spires at cardinal points. Absolutely sure,Inside housed the great relic of Buddha.
Other important buildings are Ubosot with the wonderful stucco on the pediment in Ramayana epic story.Inside,housed 3 holy Buddha images of Petchburi called Luang Por Mahathat, Luang Por Ban Laem and Luang Por Khao Takrao (Luang Por means image ).
Viharn Luang building also decorated with finest stucco of Petchburi. Some said this building was built in Ayutthaya period.
The complex extends over three peaks.
The Royal Palace, and the Ho Chatchawan Wiangchai, an observatory tower are both perched on the west rise.
The astronomical observation tower built in 1862 by King Rama IV.