When you go through a gate of the Medrese Narbutabek you come to a Muslim cemetary. There are many tombstones form the last centuries. Some of them even with Russian script and names. But the most beautiful building is the Mausoleum of the Khans, the kings of Khokand, with a small mosque, Dachma-je Shahan, and the beautiful Mausoleum Madar-e Khan.
Medrese or Madrasah (Arabic) is the Islamic word for School. In Islamic countries it normally means a school, were people learn about the Qur'an , about Mohammed and the rules and history of Islam. In Uzbekistan usually the small boys go to Medrese during summer holidays for some weeks. They stay there and learn. Some Medreses are also like Universities, were the students can become Imams.
Many of the beautiful buildings in Samarkand, Bukhara or other cities in Uzbekistan are Medreses (not Mosques). Of course a Medrese always has a small mosque within its compounds.
Medrese Narbitabek is a lively and well used Medrese, where you can watch the life and the pupils in such a school. When it is hot, the boys sleep on their beds in the courtyard. It was build in 1799. The mosques can be identified by their cupolas.
The museum is located in the Palace. It is one of the oldest museums in Uzbekistan. The museum was established in 1925.
There are 6 departments in the museum:
# History Department
# Art Department
# Department of Modern History
# Department of Nature
# Department of Scientific - Educational Work
More than 30 000 exhibits concerning Kokand historical heritage are preserved in the museum fund. Museum section of the traditional art shows that Kokand was the center of craftsmanship during the reigns of Kokand Khans.
The exhibits give the opportunity to trace the time from the early potter works up to the wonderful porcelain transported via the Great Silk Road. The collection of numismatics includes coins from Samanids and Karahanids reign period down to the coins of Kokand Khanate. Picture gallery displays 20th century fine paintings and sculpture of Western Europe, Russia and Uzbekistan.
The road from Kokand to Tashkent goes over the Kamchik pass, which is about 3000m high. The road is near to the border of Tadjikistan. So you'll see soldiers along the road. Taking pics is not allowed, specially not on bridges, where soldiers have an eye on every stranger passing. There are few place where you can stop for a break and take a pic. The drive over the pass takes about 1 hour. The landscape shows some beautiful snowcapped mountains.
... everybody likes to take a bath. In sumemr many of the wells and fountains in the city attract all the kids. They love to take a bath and play with the water. The fountains and other water-channels are also very nice to cool the drinks.
Kokand is on the crossroads of the ancient trade routes, at the junction of two main routes into the Fergana Valley, one leading northwest over the mountains to Tashkent, and the other west through Khujand. As a result, Kokand is the main transportation junction in the Fergana Valley.
It is at the southwestern edge of the Fergana Valley. Kokand has a population of about 200.000. Kokand is 228 km southeast of Tashkent, 115 km west of Andijan, and 88 km west of Fergana.
The Khanate of KOkand was founded in 1710 by the Sheibanide Shah Rukh. His descendants reigned until 1876. In 18th century the Khans had good relations to the Chineses Emperors. The Kokand Khans wanted to be independent of the Emirs from Bukhara. This finally ended in being dependent of the Chinese Emperors of the Qing-Dynasty until the end of the 18th century. But this time was also a time of economic wealth. The production of silk and the fertile soil of the Ferghana Valley were the main reasons for that. The trade with China and Kashgar was flourishing. Science and arts were encouraged. In the first half of the 19th century Kakand ruled not only the Ferghana Valley but also Tashkent and parts of today's Kazachstan.
1876 the Russian conquered the city. Kokand was now part of Russian Turkestan.
The Khanate of Kokand hat been an Uzbek kingdom in Ferghana Valley from 1710 to 1876. It reached as far as Qyzylorda to the west and Bishkek to the northeast. Kokand was also the major religious center of the Ferghana Valley, boasting more than 300 mosques.
Specially worth a visit is the Mausoleum of the Khans and the palace.
Again we have the situation, that Kokand is located in an area with many different languages and a history of changing rulers. That is why there are many names for the same city:
Kokand (alternative spellings: Khokand, Khoqand; Uzbek: Quqon; Russian: Коканд; Tajik/Persian:Куканд/کوکند ;Chagatai: خوقند) It is nicknamed “City of Winds”, or sometimes “Town of the Boar". In 10th century is was known under the name of Khavakend and was frequently mentioned in traveler's accounts of the Big Silk Road.
In Germany the city is mainly known as "Kokand". Here in VT we find it under Qo'qon, which certainly is the right spelling but unknown to Westerners.