Temple of Literature, Hanoi

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  • gypsysoul73's Profile Photo

    Stroll around the Temple of Literature

    by gypsysoul73 Written Jun 29, 2006

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    Entrance to the Temple of Literature
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    The Temple of Literature has an air of tranquility about it. Cross through one courtyard to another and revel at one of the grandest examples of Vietnamese architecture. This Temple was the first univeristy in Vietnam , built and founded in 1070. It was the first school for princes and members of the royal family.

    The Temple is dedicated to Confucius. It is open daily from 8-5, and admission is about $ 1.25.

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    Seat of learning--Temple of Literature

    by Applelyn Written Apr 26, 2006

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    The Four High Pillars
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    In it, you can find a temple built in 1070 to worship the Philosopher Confucius and an institute established in 1076 to teach the doctrines of Confucius. The temple of literature testifies the cultural heritage from China and represents independence and national culture and values. You can see a mixture of Vietnamese and Chinese influences on its architecture. Its 82 stone diplomas with tortoises were erected between 1484 and 1780 to bear the names of its 1306 Laureates. Some parts of the temple were destroyed during the War and was reconstructed but as a whole, it still tells the original story. Admission fee is 5000VND and an English brouchure is 3000VND. It opens daily from 8am to 5pm.

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    The First University in Vietnam

    by yeikloen Written Apr 23, 2006

    For nearly 1000 years, it has preserved its ancient architecture style and precious relics as the Dai Thinh sanctuary, Khue Van Pavilion, statues, stone stele of doctors and secular trees which have witnessed many offering ceremonies, study sessions, and strict examinations of the Dai Viet country.

    Today this is the most important historical and cultural site in Vietnam honoring 3 Vietnamese kings, Ly Thanh Tong (1023-1072), Ly Than Tong (1066-1127) and Le Thanh Tong (1442-1497)

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    Temple of Literature

    by mad4travel Written Apr 13, 2006

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    Temple of Literature

    In 1070 King Ly Thanh Tong founded this temple to pay tribute to education and to those of high academic achievement. Six years later, it became home to Hanoi's first university.

    Even now, more than 200 years after the last national examination, the site's five courtyards still enjoy an atmosphere of higher learning. Today, art students sit on the grass and try to reproduce the traditional Vietnamese architecture on paper.

    Stone stelae resting on the back of turtles record the names of successful doctorates, the turtles being revered as learned and wise because of their longevity.

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    Temple of Literature

    by aukahkay Written Mar 7, 2006

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    Entrance to Temple of Literature
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    Built in 1070 under the reign of King Ly, the temple was dedicated to Confucius. In 1076, the temple became Vietnam's first university. Scholars aspiring to be senior mandarins came here to study for rigorous imperial examinations. The subjects of study were literature, philosophy and ancient Chinese and Vietnamese history. The temple is dividd into 5 walled courtyards. An open courtyard surrounds a large square pool which represents the universe. Sheltered under a roof are 82 stone tablets resting on the backs of stone tortoises engraved with names of 1306 scholars who succeeded in the 82 imperial examinations conducted here between 1442 and 1779.

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    First University in Vietnam

    by NedHopkins Written Feb 28, 2006

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    The 'Temple of Literature' was founded in 1070 as a school for budding Confucian scholars. Unlike most similar Chinese institutions, which adhered to a regimen of Confucian studies well into the 20th century, the Vietnamese added natural history and other fields of study. By the time of the French takeover, in the mid-19th century, the 'Temple of Literature' was a full-fledged university, with offerings not only in Confucian studies but also in a broad range of the arts and sciences.

    Surrounded now by the modern and bustling city of Hanoi, the 'Temple of Literature' is an oasis of calm and a splendid example of Vietnamese architecture.

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    Van Mieu (Temple of Literature)

    by Blatherwick Written Feb 17, 2006

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    the Temple of Literature, is the oldest school in Vietnam, giving it the distinction of being the most significant temple in both Hanoi and Vietnam. It was founded in 1070 by the emperor Ly Thanh Tong as a Confucian temple. Only parts of the Van Mieu complex date back to the earliest period, although much of the architecture dates to the Ly (1010-1225) and Tran (1225-1400) Dynasties. In 1076, emperor Ly Thanh Tong established Vietnam's first university, the Quoc Tu Giam (National University), within the temple to educate Vietnam's mandarin class. The university functioned for more than 700 years, from 1076 to 1779.

    What exists today is a series of four courtyards that served as an entrance to the university. Architecturally, it is a fine example of classic Chinese with Vietnamese influences. Particularly impressive is the collection of 82 stone stelae which rest upon large stone tortoises. They were created between 1484 and 1780 and are engraved with the names, places of birth and achievements of the 1,306 doctor laureates that received their degrees during this time span. These stelae were erected to encourage learning and bestow honor on the talented men who assisted the Kings in defending the country.

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    an awesome University

    by myspices Updated Feb 7, 2006

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    Temple of Literature - where the wise is..
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    This well-preserved temple is actually a "university" - it is a place to honour scholars and men of literary accomplishments. For those who received doctorates, a stelae will be erected to record the name, place of birth and achievements. A total of 82 stelae were erected and each one sits on a stone tortoise. Now, visitors who wish to have their wishes come true will rub their palms on the head of the tortoise. As such, you will noticed that the heads of the tortoises have been smoothened by this act.

    Facts about Temple of Literature
    =========================
    * Vietnam's 1st university established in 1076
    * founded in 1070 by Emperor Ly Thanh Tong and was dedicated to Confucius
    * made up of 5 courtyards
    * of traditional Vietnamese architecture
    * the 82 stelae are the most precious artifacts of the temple

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    Văn Miêu - Quốc Tụ Giam

    by KhanhLy Updated Feb 1, 2006

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    stele with name of scholars
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    The Temple of Literature built in the later part of the ninth part of the century, in honor of Confucius, his followers and Chu Van An, a moral figure in Vietnamese education. Six years later, Quốc Tụ Giam, the first university of Vietnam was on the premises of Van Mieu. It was the first educational school for royal family members, admitted only princes and it opened later to talented students.

    After years of study, students were allowed to take the first-degree examinations held once every three years. Those with the highest marks in this exam were named bachelors. A year later, they would travel to the capital to take part in a further set of examinations. Those with the highest marks became were awarded a doctorate. As a Ph.D., a scholar was then eligible to join the ranks of the mandarins.

    In the past, Van Mieu was held in great reverence not only as a major centre of Confucian thought and study, but also for its status as the apogee of learning in Vietnam and the only route to becoming a mandarin. Regardless of rank, those on horseback were obliged to dismount and walk their steeds when passing the in front of the complex.

    Throughout its hundreds of years of activity in the feudal, thousands of Vietnamese scholars graduated from this university.
    *** NOTE *** If you want to use the restroom here, you'll have to pay extra. There is a box there to collect money when using the restroom. While I was there, there was an attendant there, making sure you put money in the box. *****

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    A Must See Place if You Are a Scholar

    by neurochic Updated Nov 28, 2005

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    Temple Entrance
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    The Temple of Literature is an amazing place and a must see place if you like history and are a scholar. It is the first university in Vietnam and its wonderful that much of it was not damaged by the Vietnamese War. Being a physician, I've been in school for many years so this place for me was special to imagine what it must have been like many centuries ago to train to be a scholar. You will find these large turtles there that have listed all the names of the students who attended the university. Also in a building in the back of the compound you will find a traditional Vietnamese band that plays beautiful classical Vietnamese music on ancient traditional instruments that you can buy if you like. Furthermore they also have a building that sells artwork from modern day students. The other thing that is so amazing about this place is that it supports the teachings of a new generation. As you walk around the compound, you will find many modern day art students sketching pictures of the many buildings in the compound. Also make sure to check out the awesome ancient trees that are all over the compound. By the way it cost 5000 dong per person to enter. Furthermore there is a shrine to Confucius in the compound too.

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  • euzkadi's Profile Photo

    Confucius temple.

    by euzkadi Written Oct 16, 2005

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    This beautiful temple it´s an oasis in the noise of Hanoi. Founded in 1070 by emperor Ly Thang Tung, it was dedicated to Confucius. It was the place of the first university in Vietnam in 1076. The temple has five separated patios, the main gates and corridor were used only by the emperor. It has also 82 stelae (with information of the graduation of the doctors in the early 1400´s) based upon turtles. This amazing example of the old traditional vietnamese architecture is one of the wonders of the city.

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    Touch the heads of turtles and pray for studies

    by yock Written Jun 24, 2005

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    Gate Of Temple Of Literature

    This is the first universtiy in hanoi and inside the university there are lots of turtles. It is said that if you stroke the heads of all the turtle statues, it will bring you luck in your studies and you will get good grades for your exams. Lots of vietnamese students will coming here to pray and stroke the head of these turtles before their exams. So for those of you who are still studying, what are you waiting for? Lets go stroke some turtle heads!

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    Temple of Literature

    by imstress Updated Jun 15, 2005

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    Temple of Literature

    Temple of Literature or Van Mieu is the oldest university in Vietnam and in the world. It has been recently restored.

    The original purpose was the worship of the sages and saints of Confusianism but was turned into a college 6 years later.

    The temple contains 5 courtyards connected to each other by portals. The main gate, Khue Van Ca (pavillion of Literature), Dai Thanh Mon (Gate of Great Synthesis), Thien Quang Tinh (the Well of Heaven's Clarity), 82 tortise carrying stone steles.

    It was belived that if you rub the head of all the 82 tortise steles, you will be blessed.

    Altars worshiping Confucius can be seen and there are sincere young worshippers that i have seen.

    Entrance fees 5,000 VND
    Broucher 3,000 VND

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    The Temple of Literature, Hanoi.

    by worldkiwi Updated Jun 2, 2005
    Phoenix in the Temple of Literature, Hanoi.

    This historic complex was Vietnam's first national university and dates back centuries. There are several very good, detailed and well written signs around the complex, which give you a lot of information. The inner or central part of the temple of literature has a shrine and some impressive statues of phoenix.
    Entrance was 5000d.
    To get there take a motorbike taxi. It cost me 10000d from the Old Quarter.
    The entrance is on the road written below.

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    The First University in Hanoi

    by bpacker Updated Jan 25, 2005

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    Entrance to the Temple of Literature

    This place existed for more than 700 years as a center for Confucian learning and it's a a must see for those who are interested in classical Chinese/vietanamese architecture.
    If you're there, look out for the 82 stone diplomas on tortoises bearing the names and birthplaces of 1,306 students who scrapped thru' the university's tough examinations. Like the one-pillar pagoda, some parts of this place was built after the original parts were destroyed during the French War.

    Admission Fee: 10,000 VND (US66¢)
    Opening Times: Daily 8am-5pm

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