Memorial Jose Marti, Havana
Jose Marti was a Cuban author who became a national hero when he died while he was fighting against the Spanish at Cuba's war of independence.
With his activism during the years of his prominet celebrity he earned the adoration of his people.
The museum is in Plaza de la revolucion.At the top of the building there is a mirador where you can have a great view of Havana.Try to go in the museum from the back side as, coming from Plaza de la revolucion, you will be asked first to pay 1 cuc to go up the stairs and then 5 more cuc to enter the museum and then 1 more if you want to use the camera.Coming from the back side you go straight to the tiket office and pay 5 to enter and 1 for the camera.
This monument was build in 1953, on the 100th anniversary of the birth of this national hero. Currently, if you pay 1 peso you can go on stairs and take some pictures, but if you go from other (right side) for 3 peso take a lift to the to of the tower (109m) to see a wonderful Havana view. ( Thats were i found the most borring job I ever seen, a lady sitting inside the lift and pushing bottom to go up and down, of course expecting tips)The memorial also contains two roomsof manuscripts, portraits and mementos of Marti. Statue of Marti is 18 meters high, carved by Juan Jose Sicre.
By Carlos Ripoll
Jose Marti was born in Havana in 1853. At seventeen he was exiled to Spain for his opposition to colonial rule. There he published a pamphlet exposing the horrors of political imprisonment in Cuba, which he himself had experienced. Upon graduating from the University of Saragossa, he established himself in Mexico City, where he began his literary career. His objection to a regime installed by a military coup led him to depart for Guatemala, but government abuses forced him to abandon that country as well. In 1878 he returned to Cuba under a general amnesty, but he conspired against the Spanish authorities and again was banished. He fled exile in Spain and came to the United States. After a year in New York he left for Venezuela, where he hoped to settle, but yet another dictatorship forced him to depart. Marti went back to New York where he lived from 1881 to 1895. In that year, he left to join the war for Cuban independence which he had so painstakingly organized. There he died in one of its first skirmishes.
Jose Marti is considered one of the great writers of the Hispanic world. His significance for the American Reader, however, stems from the universality and timelessness of his thought. Marti devoted his life to ending colonial rule in Cuba and to preventing the island from falling under the control of any country (including the United States) whose political ideologies were inimical to the principles he held.
If you hadn't heard about Jose Marti before going to Cuba, there's no way you'll leave without having a better idea of who this revolutionary poet was, and what an important figure he is in Cuba. Jose Marti was born in Havana in 1853 and of course the house where he was born has now been turned into a museum. The Marti family only rented two rooms on the top floor of the house, but now the entire house is filled with objects having belonged to the poet. There's not much information on who he was and the guides working there are all remarkably unfriendly so that you don't dare ask them a question... but still, for 1 CUC, it's still worth a visit. However, I would highly recommend that you go by taxi as the house is located further away from the main tourist area and therefore walking is a bit less safe. I actually got mugged on my way back from this museum...
You can have a great panoramic view of Havana from the star-shaped tower, which is situated on a hill, and it is the highest point of Havana since 1996. Thankfully, there is a functional elevator that takes you to the top to a windowed observation deck. The tower is built with concrete and faced with marble.
Next to the tower, is the giant marble statue of Jose Marti, one of the fathers of Cuba's independence. There is also a museum at the base of the tower dedicated to him. The air conditioning here is the coldest of all the places that I've been...especially after a long walk in the heat.
There is an admission to the tower and the museum. Like many other museums, you need to check your bags in.