Very, very French
As a Dutchman I have a good view of the Netherlands Antilles. These islands officially belong to the Kingdom of the Netherlands, but when you visit them they don't look like Holland at all, often the language is not even spoken, a different currency is used, the culture is different and also very important: the people call themselves "Antillians", "Arubans" or "Sabans", but you'll hardly here them saying that they're Dutchmen.
I didn't visit a British island in the Caribbean, but from my visits to former colonies I couldn't tell that those used to be British either. Well: that's completely different on Guadeloupe. It is France, the people are proud to be French, and it even looks like "the Motherland".
On Guadeloupe they use to Euro, it is a part of the European Union, they speak French, French bread is everywhere, all products sold are produced in France. The people are proud to be French and they even have the same "strike-culture".
When on the island, don't try to say France to the part in Europe alone. They will correct you and say "this is France too!". They even say "this is Europe too" since it's a part of the EU. When you're referring to Europe and the motherland, just call it "Métropole". That is accepted.Related to:
- Arts and Culture
OK, Guadeloupe is officially French-speaking, but still a large percentage of the people use Créole in every day life. Créole is a mixture of languages turned into a completely different language. There are influences of Spanish, Portuguese, French, English and some African influences as well. It is very important to know that not every "Créole" in the world is the same: people from Haiti speak differently then those from Gwada, and on Martinique it is different again.
Some basic rules about Créole are mentioned belong. On the website in the below mentioned link you can find some basic words, phrases:
- The Créole alphabet does not include: C H J Q X
- The letter C is replaced by K
- The letter H or the sound does not exist in the language
- The letter J is replaced by letters dy: Joke becomes Dyok
- The letter R is written but is hardly pronounced: sounds more like "W": Kweyol
- The letter Q is replaced by letters kw: Quack becomes Kwak
- The letter X is replaced by the letters ks: Taxi becomes Taksi
- U is only used with “O”. eg. Tou, Nou and PoulRelated to:
- Arts and Culture
No girls in the nightscene
One very special thing about the nightlife on Guadeloupe is the fact that there are hardly any girls going out. In an average bar or club about 90% of the customers are men and the 10% that are women generally are accompanied by their boyfriends. Why is that? I don't know: on neighbouring islands you don't see things like this, but on Gwada it is very normal.
There are places where girls do go to. Normally this are dancings that open their doors around 21:00 already and then the first group of customers are women. When around midnight the guys start coming in, the girls go home again.
The only exception on this rule that I found is Le Cheyenne in Gosier, where there was a really mixed public. Apart from this, they're all the same...
Dance the Zouk!
By far the most popular music style on Guadeloupe is Zouk. This music is typical to the French Antilles Martinique and Guadeloupe and is also spreaded around French and Portuguese speaking parts of Africa, Brazil and Haiti. Everywhere on Gwada you hear this music: there is one radio station called Zouk FM that only plays this music, but basically all the other stations play the same style...
Almost all lyrics in Zouk-music are sung in Creole, sometimes French is used as well. The dance is very popular, the only problem is that often there is a lack of women to dance with in the clubs. As soon as Zouk-music is started you see the men rushing to the few women available.
In my video's on my Guadeloupe-page you can see a lesson of Zouk-dance and listen to some Zouk-songs. The most popular style is the slow "Zouk Love", where is dancing is more sensual and the lyrics are so sweet that it hurts your teeth.Related to:
- Arts and Culture
Hinduism on Guadeloupe
As every island in the West Indies, Guadeloupe has a long history of slavery. Black slaves have been brought in from Africa by thousands and it are their descendants who now form the great majority of people on the islands. But what most people don’t know is the fact that there is also quite a large number (60.000) of Indian immigrants on the island, especially on Grande-Terre,
The Indians were brought here as “contract-workers” although their conditions didn’t really differ a lot from the conditions from before the abolition of the slavery. After their contracts most of them settled for good on the islands, bringing with them the Indian way of cooking (the famous Colombo de Poulet is mainly of Indian origins) and their own religion: hindouism.
All over the island you’ll see red flags in the middle of the green landscape, indicating the presence of another hindu-temple. Bright colours, offerings with rice, coconut and banana’s and all other kinds of offerings are there. Also you’ll see quiet some houses of the Indians all over the island, clearly recognisable by the flags, paintings and the bright colours.Related to:
- Road Trip
- Religious Travel
Coming from Sweden, where every drink ordered is mesured with ml precision to have exactly the amount of alcohol that you paid for, to Guadeloupe was a bit of a clash of cultures.
But in a good way, without a doubt.
The first evidence of this was when we ordered a beer and a Cuba Libre at the hotel bar upon arrival. (Something we ended up doing every evening we came back to the hotel, the bartender didn't even ask what we wanted but simply put two drinks and two beers on the bar as soon as he saw us)
He gave us two glasses half full of pure rum, and wondered if we wanted one or two 25cl bottles of coke to mix it up with...
Another example was when we were having dinner at a restaurant and I ordered a Ti-Punch. I got served an empty glass with some sugar and a slice of lime on the bottom. And a full bottle of rum. 20 minutes later he came back and asked if I was done with the bottle, not even bothering to check how much I'd taken.
You gotta love that mentality.
Dual Customs in Guadeloupe:chicken w/hands o fork
It's really interesting the Dual Customs in Guadeloupe since there are both Creole locals and French locals as well. My friend Jennifer and I were hanging out with our Creole friend Laure, and we starting eating some chicken together. She noticed and mentioned how strange it was that we picked our chicken up and ate it with our hands. She on the other hand used her fork and knife to cut off and eat pieces of chicken. She says that it was much more proper to eat it with a fork and knife. On the other hand however, later on in the trip when we were with a group of local french people, we started eating our chicken with our fork and knife and they told us it's much faster and easier if we ate it with our hands. So the dual customs in Guadeloupe is interesting, yet fun to learn the differences.
Exchange rate stinks
The exchange rate for US dollars is our $1.00 to their 75 cents. So for every 100 dollars that you exchange you only get 75 euros to spend. Different banks have different exchange rates as well. However, no matter how much or how little amount you exchange at the banks there is a 5.09 euro tax (about $6.82 US dollars) every time you exchange so I would suggest that if you have to exchange at a bank know about how much money your going to be spending on your trip so you don't have to continue to waste 5.09 euros every time you exchange currency. BNP Paribas banks are the ones that we went to to exchange our money.
No need to tip
My friend and I continuously tipped during the greater part of our stay. One of our friends that we met on the island told us though that tipping is not required and usually isn't given by the locals. She mentioned that only tourists tip. She also said that to some people it can be considered almost rude to leave a tip because the people of the island already include everything in their prices and don't desire anything more from you. Our friend told us this but we never ran into anyone that was upset because we tipped, we usually got very sincere thank yous (because the extra tip was unexpected, not like the US).
try the local food
here is few of the local dishes , drinks, and vegetables:
*poulet colombo: chicken cooked in a curry sauce
*accras: fritters usually eaten as an appetizer, sometimes made with morue( codfish)
*chatrou: small octopus
*ouassous: fresh crayfish
*sauce chien ( if you translate it, in french it means dog sauce, do not worry, it s not a dog sauce...haha) :spicy sauce for fish
*christophine: potato like vegetable( try the "gratin of christophine, it s lovely)
*giraumon: local pumpkin
*planteur: rum with tropical juices
*ti-punch: rum with can sirup or brown sugar and lime.
and much more, i ll add some more another day.Related to:
- Food and Dining
the Zouk is a type of music which is played a lot on radios but is also a slow dance where you have to be totally stuck with your partner.
one of their favorite hobbies when they are dancing is to try to dance with your partner on one floor-tile and not get out of it.
in the beginning of the century, zouk meant a quit "hot" country ball. it was not advised to well educated women.
and my advise to women today would be:
think twice before you say yes to this dance as sometimes it can be putting yourself in few minutes of embarrassment.Related to:
if you come across to pass close to a cemetary and can hear some singing and see lighten candles, this is the way in some places that people mourn a departure of someone as they think people should be remembered in a happy way.
Think French!!! Outstanding...
Think French!!! Outstanding buys in perfumes, Parisian fashions, silk items, porcelain, crystal, liqueurs and vintage wine can be found.
The standard Guadeloupe souvenir is a puffed up, porcupine spined puffer fish (poisson lune). I suppose, if you wanted to, you could make a lampshade out of it as the islanders suggest.
HistoryWhen sighted by...
When sighted by Columbus in 1493, Guadeloupe was inhabited by Carib Indians, who called it Karukera, 'Island of Beautiful Waters.' The Spanish made two attempts to settle Guadeloupe in the early 1500s but were repelled both times by fierce Carib resistance and finally abandoned their claim to the island in 1604.
Three decades later, French colonists sponsored by the Compagnie des Îles d'Amérique, an association of French entrepreneurs, set sail to establish the first European settlement on Guadeloupe. The party landed on the southeastern shore of Basse-Terre in 1635 and claimed Guadeloupe for France. The French drove the Caribs off the island, planted crops and within a decade had built the first sugar mill. By the time France officially annexed the island in 1674, a slave-based plantation system was well established.
The English invaded Guadeloupe several times, and between 1759 and 1763 they developed Pointe-à-Pitre into a major harbor, opened profitable English and North American markets to Guadeloupean sugar and allowed planters to import cheap American lumber and food. Many French colonists actually grew wealthier under the British occupation as the economy expanded rapidly. But the party ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1763, under which the French traded their claims in Canada for the return of Guadeloupe.
Amid the chaos of the French Revolution, the British invaded Guadeloupe again in 1794. In response, the French sent a contingent of soldiers led by Victor Hugues, a black nationalist who freed and armed Guadeloupean slaves. On the day the British troops withdrew from Guadeloupe, Hugues went on a rampage and killed 300 Royalists, many of them plantation owners. It marked the start of a reign of terror resulting in the deaths of more than 1000 colonists. As a consequence of Hughes' attacks on American ships, the US declared war on France, prompting an anxious Napoleon Bonaparte to dispatch a general to Guadeloupe to put down the uprising, restore the pre-revolutionary government and reinstitute slavery.
Throughout the 19th century, Guadeloupe was the most prosperous island in the French West Indies, and the British continued to covet it, invading and occupying the island for most of the period between 1810 and 1816. The Treaty of Vienna restored the island to France, which has maintained sovereignty over it since 1816. Slavery was abolished in 1848, following a campaign led by French politician Victor Schoelcher. In the years that followed, planters brought laborers from Pondicherry, a French colony in India, to work in the cane fields.
Since 1871, Guadeloupe has had representation in the French parliament and since 1946 has been an overseas department of France. Both Guadeloupe and Martinique use French currency and stamps and fly the French flag. Guadeloupe's political status hasn't satisfied everyone, however, and a local secessionist movement has occasionally resorted to acts of terrorism. The peace has also been disrupted by the local volcano, La Soufrière, which erupted in the 1970s and still belches sulfurous fumes today. Though agriculture remains the mainstay of the economy, the importance of tourism has grown in recent years.
Guadeloupean culture draws on French, African, East Indian and West Indian influences. The mix is visible in the architecture, which ranges from French colonial to Hindu temples; in the food, which merges influences from all the cultures into a unique Creole cuisine; and in the local Creole patois that predominates in the home.
At festivals and cultural events on Guadeloupe, you're likely to see women wearing traditional Creole dress, which is typically a full, brightly colored skirt, commonly a madras-type plaid of oranges and yellows, with a matching headdress, a white lace-trimmed blouse and petticoat and a scarf draped over the shoulder.
In the arts, the most renowned native son is the poet Saint-John Perse, the pseudonym of Alexis Léger, who was born in Guadeloupe in 1887 and won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1960 for the evocative imagery of his poems. One of his many noted works is Anabase (1925), which was translated into English by TS Eliot.
The islands have a thriving music scene, including zouk, calypso, reggae and beguine, which Guadeloupeans claim they, not Martinicans, invented
Guadeloupe proper comprises twin islands divided by a narrow mangrove channel, the Rivière Salée. The islands are volcanic in origin, with a total land area about half the size of Luxembourg. The two main islands join to form the shape of a butterfly, though while their outline is roughly symmetrical, the topography is anything but. The eastern wing, Grande-Terre, has gently rolling hills and level plains, much of which are cultivated in sugar cane. The western wing, Basse-Terre, is dominated by rugged hills and mountains wrapped in a dense rainforest of tall trees and lush ferns. Much of the interior of Basse-Terre has been set aside as a national park. It includes the Eastern Caribbean's highest waterfalls and Guadeloupe's highest peak, the 1470m (4810ft) smoldering volcano, La Soufrière.
Of the nearby offshore islands, Les Saintes are high and rugged, Marie-Galante is relatively flat and La Désirade has an intermediate topography with hills that rise to 270m (895ft).
The islands' diverse vegetation ranges from mangrove swamps to mountainous rainforest. Basse-Terre has an abundance of tropical hardwood trees, including lofty gommiers and large buttressed chataigniers, plus thick fern forests punctuated with flowering heliconia and ginger. Birds found on Guadeloupe include various members of the heron family, pelicans, hummingbirds and the endangered Guadeloupe wren. The bright yellow-bellied bananaquit, a small nectar-feeding bird, is frequently seen supping at unattended sugar bowls in open-air restaurants. Guadeloupe has mongooses aplenty, which were introduced long ago in a futile attempt to control rats in the sugar cane fields. Agoutis (short-haired, rabbit-like rodents that look a bit like a guinea pig) are found on La Désirade, as are iguanas, which also roam Les Saintes.
Pointe-à-Pitre's average high temperature in January is 28°C (83°F), while the low averages 20°C (68°F). In July, the average high is 30°C (88°F), while the low averages 23°C (75°F). February to April are the driest months, when measurable rain falls an average of seven days a month and the average humidity is 77%. July and November are the wettest months, when rain falls for about 14 days and the humidity averages 85%. Hurricanes come to call during this humid time. Because of its elevation, Basse-Terre is both cooler and rainier than Grande-Terre. The trade winds, called alizés, often temper the climate.
Si la nouvelle créolité est...
Si la nouvelle créolité est encore à ses débuts, les Antillais se retrouvent encore dans un ensemble de pratiques qui les soudent. Ainsi en Guadeloupe, c'est à travers le folklore, le langage, la gastronomie, les danses et la musique, l'habillement et les croyances que la population puise ses référants d'identité culturelle.
Cette pluralité des cultures qui ont droit de cité dans les îles de l'archipel fait qu'il se passe toujours quelque chose quelque part, que ce soit dans les campagnes ou au sein des villages et des villes.
Les fêtes communales, les combats de coqs, les veillées culturelles, les 'lewoz' ou fêtes, les veillées mortuaires, les fêtes des différentes communautés comme les Indiens, les courses d'attelage tirants, sont autant d'occasions qui sont offertes au visiteur à longueur d'année, d'apprécier la vitalité des traditions culturelles des îles.
Principalement dans les villes telles Pointe à Pitre et Basse-Terre, se trouvent les principales structures de diffusion et d'expression culturelles: salles de spectacles, galeries, musées, bibliothèques, etc.
Des manifestations, des spectacles en tous genres, des expositions d'oeuvres artistiques de qualité sont régulièrement programmés, où alternent des artistes locaux comme internationaux.
Certains évènements et manifestations attirent régulièrement de nombreux visiteurs. Il s'agit bien sûr du carnaval de janvier à mars, de la fête des cuisinières en août, les combats de coqs, les fêtes patronales, la route du rhum tous les quatre ans et les festivals.
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